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REMARK and The Territory - Etc.

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The President - Vice President - SONA: State of the Nation Address - Etc.

Graft and corruption in the government

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War on Drugs, Extrajudicial Killings incl. Hearings - Etc.

Government Councils, Commissions, Committees and Authorities - Etc.

Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Burial, Etc. and
Burying Marcos in Libingan ng mga Bayani - 'Heroes' Cemetery

FOI - Freedom of Information - Etc.

Government agencies that engage in corrupt practices?

Martial Law

Court system

Graft, Corruption, Plunder and Bribery


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About what's going on in this "soap opera" of changing politics of - on.... which the President tells about and next a spokesman tells are wrong - misunderstood etc. Look the examples here
Pres. Rodrigo R. Duterte, "The NEW Hitler"? - Pres. Rodrigo R. Duterte vs US - UN & EU .... There are so much going on, so we can't no longer be updated of these "changings" by a "No statesman" supported of the Marcoses.

aboutphilippines.ph fears that the "No statesman" will give away our wonderfull country and forget all the countries, who always have supported our country!

The Territory, Administrative divisions, Regions, Provinces - some Cities - Cebu Province "Special"

all about:

Luzviminda - LuzViMinda
(look Photos in full size)

a portmanteau of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the names of the three major island groups.

Look also The Philippine Baseline Law and Know Your Boundaries

Perfect storm in wild, wild Philippines
by Tony La Viña March 21, 2017

For our sake, we better understand what is happening and act collectively to avert the worst outcome


Josephine Ramirez-Sato on leadership under the Duterte administration
March 13, 2017

The feisty Occidental Mindoro congresswoman talks to Rappler about what the Commission on Appointments looks for in a cabinet official

Is Yasay the first appointee to be rejected by the CA?
March 08, 2017

Rejection of a presidential appointee by the Commission on Appointments is rare in Philippine history


War on drugs also used vs leftists, says NDF lawyer
Jan 3, 2017
The administration's war against illegal drugs is also being used to run after leftists in certain areas, a lawyer for the communists said on Tuesday.
In an interview with ANC's Headstart, senior legal consultant for the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) Rachel Pastores said they have received reports the drug campaign is being used to "even attack who are involved in political activities."
Condemned by crowd acclamation
by Vergel O. Santos March 03, 2017

Philippine society has slid back a couple of millennia to ancient Rome's standards by which justice was dispensed according to the crowd's level of lust for blood.


Fragile talks with the Philippine left
January 10, 2017

National Democratic Front chief negotiator Fidel Agcaoili talks to Rappler about the status of negotiations with the Philippine govenrment.


2016: Change is here
Dec 30, 2016

Watch Rappler's 2016 yearender video

The fragility of democracy: Why we can’t just ‘move on’ from EDSA 1
by JC Punongbayan February 25, 2017

Perhaps it’s best to remember EDSA 1 not as one great wholesale victory for democracy, but rather as a testament to the fragile nature of democracy.

Look also EDSA Revolution

Thinking of martial law? Time for collective action
by Etta P. Rosales December 31, 2016

As the year ends, Mr Duterte, his PNP chief, his loyalists in Congress and the Cabinet should take a long hard look at what they have accomplished in these 6 months –

before it is too late!

Look also

SolGen: Martial law provisions in charter must be changed
by Pia Ranada January 19, 2017
Solicitor General Jose Calida agrees with President Rodrigo Duterte that the provisions in the 1987 Constitution meant to safeguard the people against abuse of martial law must be modified.

The Video:
On martial law, Duterte can decide outside Constitution
Jan 18, 2017
The president may declare martial law outside the parameters set in the Constitution and even without approval from co-equal branches of government, under certain circumstances when people's welfare is on the line, the country's chief legal counsel claimed.

Duterte: 'If I declare martial law, I won't make noise'
January 18, 2017 By Ruth Abbey Gita

Duterte: I will declare martial law if I want to
(with video)
by Pia Ranada January 15, 2017
(UPDATED) 'If it will deteriorate into something really very virulent, I will declare martial law if I want to. Walang makapigil sa akin,' says the President.

Lawmakers to Duterte: Even with drug war, no need for martial law
by Mara Cepeda January 16, 2017
One lawmaker also says it is 'illogical' for the President to warn that he might declare martial law since the government is saying that it is winning the drug war.

Understanding Duterte's martial law remarks
by Pia Ranada January 19, 2017
Since October 2016, Duterte has mentioned martial law in his speeches at least once a month. What exactly has he said about the thorny issue and how is the public to understand his often contradictory remarks?
Rodrigo Duterte: A fascist original
by Walden Bello January 02, 2017
'Like the anti-Marcos resistance 4 decades back, the only certainty members of the anti-fascist front can count on is that they’re doing the right thing. And that, for some, is a certainly worth dying for'

Look also Democracy watch in 2017
January 02, 2017
President Duterte will appoint 25 men and women to propose changes in the Constitution. The times call for vigilance.

Official Gazette

the official journal of the Republic of the Philippines.
Commonwealth Act No. 638, “An Act to provide for the uniform publication and distribution of the Official Gazette,” was passed by the Third Session of the Second National Assembly on May 22, 1941, and subsequently approved by President Manuel L. Quezon on June 10, 1941.
Adopting the URL www.gov.ph, the Official Gazette went live on July 26, 2010

Look also

Presidential Communications Group or simply the Communications Group
a collective name for the newly formed offices within the Office of the President of the Philippines and refers to the following positions and offices: the Presidential Spokesman and the Presidential Communications Office (formerly the Office of the Press Secretary).

eFOI - Electronic Freedom of Information
Freedom Of Information
Access government records today.

Look also
How eFOI works
November 26, 2016 by Nini B. Cabaero

and the Video:

Malacañang launches E-FOI portal
Dec 10, 2016
Despite of the initiative of the government of an online FOI for transparent information dissemination, the Center for Media and Responsibility argues some of the restrictions that it provides.

and more about FOI

Good riddance, 2016!
by Marites Dañguilan Vitug December 02, 2016
6 reasons to look forward to the end of the year.
Like others, I can’t wait to say goodbye to 2016. Many awful things have happened and these are bearing down hard on our democratic values, striking at our long-held foundations, and even on our private spaces, our equanimity.
Our national conversation has crackled with threats and profanities, led by the angry voice of President Rodrigo Duterte. The polarization is so palpable on social media, where reason has given way to vitriolic emotions and lies have disguised as facts.
The saddest and most worrying thought, however, is that all these may continue into the new year. It’s up to us, to a vigilant public, to arrest the erosion of our democracy in this post-truth age.
The oddest ménage in Philippine politics
The freakish genius of Rodrigo Duterte may yet prove to lie in that – breaking up the nation to make everybody happy!

Look also

Duterte, Carpio and the dos and don'ts of leadership
The President and the Senior Associate Justice are a study in contrast - make for a good study of the dos-and-don'ts of leadership.

The Duterte show goes on
Authoritarianism is in fact observed to obtain now, effectively.

Duterte’s abridged war and peace
Not known to retreat in battle, Mr. Duterte has called off the twin campaigns on which he launched his presidency seven months ago – a war on drugs and peace talks

All by Vergel O. Santos December 07, 2016, January 18, February 20, 2017 and March 24, 2017

CA rejects Yasay appointment as foreign secretary
with video
by Paterno Esmaquel II March 08, 2017
(UPDATED) President Rodrigo Duterte can no longer reappoint Perfecto Yasay Jr as foreign secretary after the CA rejected him over citizenship issues

Look also

Beyond Yasay's lies
March 13, 2017
The Commission on Appointments has the power to confirm, bypass, or reject the appointment of top public officials and senior military officers. But here are 5 reasons this power is flawed.

Lawmakers told Duterte: Yasay 'cannot be saved anymore'
by Pia Ranada March 09, 2017
When the President's Congress allies meet him in Malacañang on the eve of Perfecto Yasay Jr's confirmation hearing, they prepare him for the inevitable

FACT CHECK: Did Rappler say Yasay got U.S. passport in 2006?
by Paterno Esmaquel II March 08, 2017
Rappler never reported that Foreign Secretary Perfecto Yasay Jr 'was issued a passport in 2006' as Yasay claimed.

Yasay lied under oath, now admits owning U.S. passport
with videos
by Paterno Esmaquel II March 06, 2017
Is the Philippines' foreign secretary an American citizen? Perfecto Yasay Jr backtracks on his earlier statements – one of these under oath – that he never owned a US passport.

CA members to reject Yasay appointment
by Camille Elemia March 07, 2017
(UPDATED) 'Buo ang paniniwala ng members of the Commission on Appointments na talagang nagkaroon siya ng US citizenship,' says Senator Panfilo Lacson, CA foreign affairs committee chair.

U.S. citizenship issue hounds Yasay ahead of CA confirmation
with video
by Rappler Investigative Team January 10, 2017
Nagging issues against Foreign Secretary Perfecto Yasay Jr include the pending criminal charges filed against him by BSP and his flip-flopping statements.
Rappler found out that he had a US passport with No. 121190223, which he supposedly used in travels from 2007 to 2009.

Why Yasay believes Duterte shouldn't sack him this year
Foreign Secretary Perfecto Yasay Jr claims he does not know that President Rodrigo Duterte wants to replace him, despite Duterte's pronouncements.

Criminal charges filed by Central Bank still haunt Yasay
The Commission on Appointments (CA) is set to grill Foreign Secretary Perfecto Yasay Jr over 4 criminal against him before the DOJ once his confirmation hearing continues.
The Philippines' top diplomat, a former bank director, is the subject of 4 criminal charges lodged by the BSP in April 2011 "for falsification, grant of illegal loans, and major violations of banking laws.

On U.S. citizenship: Did Yasay commit perjury?
'I am so sad that he could lie under oath before the members of the Commission on Appointments,' Representative Josephine Ramirez Sato tells Rappler.

TIMELINE: When Foreign Secretary Yasay was a foreigner
From becoming a foreigner after Ferdinand Marcos is toppled, Perfecto Yasay Jr is appointed foreign secretary under President Rodrigo Duterte

All above by Paterno Esmaquel II February 27, 28, March 04, 2017

Refuting Yasay: No oath of allegiance for green card holders or NY Bar passers
by Carlo Osi and Elaine San Juan-Tica March 04, 2017
To be clear, taking an oath of allegiance to the United States is not a requirement to obtain LPR/green card status. But it is a requirement to become a naturalized citizen of the US.

Marcos at the Libingan: Fears of a resurgent authoritarian regime
by Leslie V. Advincula-Lopez November 27, 2016

The seeming lack of commitment of the State to play by the rules, and the absence of oversight functions to temper these transgressions resurrect the dormant fear of many Filipinos of the horrors of an authoritarian regime.


The future of democracy
Jan 11, 2017

How can democracy thrive in the era of post-truth? Geopolitical analyst and author Parag Khanna explains.

Senate ousts Drilon, LP senators from key posts
(UPDATED) The 4 ousted senators join the Senate minority bloc. The Senate on Monday, February 27, stripped 3 Liberal Party senators and their ally of committee chairmanships, following the arrest of their party mate Senator Leila de Lima.
It was neophyte senator Manny Pacquiao, a key administration ally, who motioned to remove from key positions LP senators Franklin Drilon, Francis Pangilinan, Paolo Benigno Aquino IV, as well as Akbayan Senator Risa Hontiveros. Akbayan is allied with the LP.

Look also

Liberal Party senators see Palace hand in ouster
'Nawala na ba ang pagiging independiente at magiging sunud-sunuran na lang ba [ang Senado] sa ehekutibo?' asks Senator Francis Pangilinan.

15 senators planned LP ouster in Pacquiao's house
by Camille Elemia February 28, 2017
'Hindi tayo makakagawa ng trabaho dito sa Senado kung hindi natin gaganunin. Ako, ayoko mamulitika. Kumbaga, nandito tayo para magtrabaho,' says Senator Manny Pacquiao

After LP ouster, Drilon is new Senate minority leader
Six senators now comprise the minority bloc: Franklin Drilon, Paolo Benigno Aquino IV, Francis Pangilinan, Risa Hontiveros, Leila de Lima, and Antonio Trillanes IV

All above by Camille Elemia February 27 - 28, 2017
Pacquiao tells LP they can keep some posts: 'May awa din ako'
February 28, 2017
The neophyte senator volunteers to initiate the move to oust the 4 Liberal Party senators on Monday, February 27

Palace denies hand in ouster of LP senators
by Pia Ranada February 28, 2017
Presidential Spokesman Ernesto Abella says President Rodrigo Duterte can't control the '24 republics' that make up the Senate.

Editorial: Good for democracy
February 28, 2017

Filipinos and the politics of acceptance
by Frankie Concepcion December 06, 2016
What I have learned from history is that often, Filipinos have been asked to accept the very tragedies which have defined us.

aboutphilippines.ph says: An article giving thoughts!

Año's challenge: How to lead PH military under Duterte?
by Carmela Fonbuena December 14, 2016
Amid fears of creeping martial law, Armed Forces chief Eduardo Año could be the best person to protect democracy – or

be its worst enemy.

Does Justice Secretary Aguirre believe in fake news?
February 25, 2017
Aguirre seems set to hold the record for a Philippine justice chief with the most number of 'unsubstantiated' public pronouncements at a given time.
What does Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre II do with information that he believes to be true, but authorities have dismissed as otherwise?
He stands by it!

Dial 8888, 911: Gov't opens complaints, emergency hotlines
Aug 1, 2016
Malacañang and the national police on Monday launched their respective hotlines for receiving public complaints and emergency calls.

Look also

Success stories from the 8888 hotline
by Happy Feraren October 09, 2016
Citizen complaints received through the hotline get forwarded to concerned agencies for immediate action

8888 hotline: Most complaints lodged vs SSS, LTO
by Michael Bueza September 23, 2016
Quezon City and Manila also top the list of LGUs that got the most number of complaints since the hotline was launched in August

8888 complaint hotline, 911 for emergencies
July 08, 2016
The 8888 number will serve as the hotline for citizen complaints

and MUCH more HERE

The Left’s unity and struggle with Duterte
by Teddy Casiño November 15, 2016
Extrajudicial killings and the Marcos burial issue will continue to be a recurring source of disagreement. So far, these burning issues have not been decisive in breaking the alliance with Duterte.
The curious case of the Mocha Uson blog
by Carmel Veloso Abao November 05, 2016
Its main message is that President Duterte can do no wrong. This kind of citizen defense of a president is not desirable because it promotes personalistic instead of rational political discourse.
'New VP' in 2017? Robredo camp alarmed by 'recount'
November 20, 2016
'The objective is to steal the vice presidency from VP Leni,' says Robredo's spokesperson, about a recount allegedly being planned 'without the direction of the Presidential Electoral Tribunal'
One such message supposedly goes like this: "Recount of ballots from 4-5 provinces will start end of November and will finish by December, deliberations after. You can bet early next year, we have a new VP."
This recount, Hernandez said, would be "without the direction of the Presidential Electoral Tribunal" or PET, which is handling the election protest filed by defeated candidate Ferdinand Marcos Jr against Robredo.

Look also the Videos:

VP Leni, Bongbong camps refute vote recount hoax
Nov 20, 2016


Robredo: Have faith SC will be fair in Marcos election protest
Speculations about the Supreme Court favoring Bongbong Marcos in the election case intensifies after it ruled to allow a hero's burial for former President Ferdinand Marcos.

Marcos to Robredo: Why are you afraid of vote recount?
The camp of former Senator Ferdinand Marcos Jr uses the same metaphor used by Vice President Leni Robredo about his father's burial, saying the real 'thief in the night' was Robredo's poll victory

both by Patty Pasion November 21 - 22, 2016

and look MUCH more about: Vice President

Constitution - Etc. Laws

Look also The Philippine Baseline Law and Know Your Boundaries

go to overview

(Full Text - present Constitution)

Look the 1987 Constitution

and look also:

1986 Provisional "Freedom" Constitution
1973 Constitution
1943 Constitution
(Constitution During the Japanese Occupation)
1935 Constitution
1899 Constitution
informally known as the Malolos Constitution is a Filipino legal document codifying the basic law of the First Philippine Republic. It is both the twelfth such charter to be implemented in the Philippine archipelago and the first to written as the framework of an independent nation. Look also HERE

Look also

Evolution of the Philippine Constitution
by/Official Gazette
The Philippines has had a total of six constitutions since the Proclamation of Independence on June 12, 1898.

Araw ng Saligang Batas

Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas 1987

the history of the constitution og the Republic of the Philippines

FAST FACTS: 1987 Philippine Constitution
by/ Jodesz Gavilan February 02, 2016
February 2 of each year is Constitution Day to commemorate the highest law of the land

Look also

Con-Com EO for federalism being drafted – Alvarez
by Mara Cepeda August 09, 2016
Senate President Pimentel supports the formation of a Constitutional Commission, saying it would help Congress save time as it focuses on other legislation

The problem with Con-Ass? Distrust of Congress
by Camille Elemia Updated August 01, 2016
Critics oppose the move to convene a Constituent Assembly to amend the 1987 Constitution: 'The 17th Congress cannot be trusted to legislate against its own'
President Rodrigo Duterte has changed his mind, again: he was pushing for a Constitutional Convention (Con-Con) as the mode to amend the 1987 Constitution, but he is now espousing a Constituent Assembly (Con-Ass).
Drilon files Con-Con reso to 'review' 1987 Charter
The resolution bars incumbent lawmakers and candidates in the May 2016 polls from qualifying as a convention delegate
Senators divided on Con-Con, Constituent Assembly
Some senators remain open to a Constituent Assembly as long as the Senate and the House of Representatives will be allowed to vote separately on proposals
Both by Camille Elemia July 03 and August 01, 2016

House panel votes: Amend charter through Constituent Assembly
by Mara Cepeda October 19, 2016

(UPDATED) The House constitutional amendments will create a report on the resolution to have it approved at the plenary

Look also

Duterte forms consultative body on constitutional amendments
by Pia Ranada December 09, 2016
Under Executive Order 10, the 25-member committee will have 6 months to submit recommendations on amendments to the 1987 Constitution
EO 10, signed on Wednesday, December 7, creates a 25-member committee to be composed of presidential appointees.
The committee will “study, conduct consultations, and review the provisions of the 1987 Constitution including but not limited to the provisions on the structure and powers of the government, local governance, and economic policies.

Rewriting other parts of the Constitution?
March 29, 2017

Are we content with the modes provided for rewriting the Constitution?

Duterte: Give president sole power to declare martial law
by Jun A. Malig December 23, 2016
President Rodrigo Duterte also wants to amend in the Constitution another 'reckless reaction' to the Marcos regime – the term limits on local officials.
President Rodrigo Duterte on Thursday, December 22, said he wants the Constitution amended to make it less difficult for any president to declare martial, saying the current safeguards were mere “reckless reaction” to what Filipinos experienced during Martial Law.
He also said there is also a need to review the current term limit on local officials, where a maximum of 3 consecutive 3-year terms is allowed.

Look also

Duterte: Martial law futile, will 'burden' the innocent
by Pia Ranada December 30, 2016
'Okay na ako sa state of lawlessness,' President Rodrigo Duterte says in an interview with Rappler's Maria Ressa.
Martial law is futile and will only "burden" the innocent, President Rodrigo Duterte said, as he dispelled fears that recent bombings in Cotabato and Leyte will persuade him to impose military rule.

Threat of martial law 'worst Christmas gift'
December 23, 2016
The Vice President asks Filipinos to 'remain vigilant against the threat of martial law,' calling President Duterte's challenge to the Constitution 'appealing'


The Constitution of the Philippines - Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas

popularly known as the 1987 Constitution, is the constitution or the supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines. It was enacted in 1987, during the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino
Preamble of the 1987 Philippines constitution both in English and Tagalog

1987 Philippine Constitution - Mobile applications (App)

Offline reference to the 1987 Philippine Constitution

FAST FACTS: How does impeachment work?
by Michael Bueza March 16, 2017
The 1987 Constitution lays down rules to make some top officials, including the President, accountable through the impeachment process

Look also the Video
Gary Alejano's impeachment complaint vs Duterte
March 16, 2017

and the article:

Robredo behind Duterte impeach move – Alvarez
by Mara Cepeda March 17, 2017
(UPDATED) Magdalo Representative Gary Alejano, the lawmaker who filed the complaint, denies the accusation, saying 'this is solely the decision of the Magdalo'

Ombudsman of the Philippines
also known as Tanodbayan ng Pilipinas (using Filipino loan words), is an ombudsman responsible for investigating and prosecuting Philippine government officials accused of crimes, especially graft and corruption.

the protectors of the people shall act promptly on complaints filed in any form or manner against officers or employees of the Government, or of any subdivision, agency or instrumentality thereof, including government-owned or controlled corporations, and enforce their administrative, civil and criminal liability in every case where the evidence warrants in order to promote efficient service by the Government to the people
The Office of the Ombudsman is independently monitors all three branches of the government for political corruption

Look also HERE and

SC junks disbarment case vs Ombudsman Morales
by Lian Buan March 28, 2017
(UPDATED) The High Court affirms that the Ombudsman cannot be disbarred while she's still holding office

Can the Ombudsman be disbarred?
by Lian Buan March 24, 2017
The SC has issued several rulings which state that the Ombudsman has to be impeached and convicted first, before he or she can be made to answer for any other violations.

Ombudsman cases vs gov't officials up by 267% in 2016
January 29, 2017
The top offense is violation of Republic Act 3019 or the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act (402 cases), followed by malversation of public funds (390 cases), violation of presidential decrees (112 cases), and falsification of public documents (72 cases).

the Videos:
What is the Ombudsman's office?
One year practice na lang gikinahanglan sa mga ombud lawyers

Electoral Tribunals

The Presidential Electoral Tribunal (PET)

is an electoral tribunal that decides election protests involving the election of the President of the Philippines and Vice President of the Philippines. It is composed of justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The equivalent tribunals for the Congress of the Philippines are House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal and the Senate Electoral Tribunal.

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE and

Look RA 1793 as pdf HERE

Presidential Electoral Tribunal: What happens to a protest?
by Michael Bueza January 01, 2017
There have only been 4 election protests since 1992. None, so far, has resulted in the reversal of results for president or vice president. On average, it took close to 4 years for these protests to be resolved.
Executive Order No. 292, s. 1987
Signed July 25, 1987
Time for pro-democracy forces' agenda (part 1)
by Philip M. Lustre Jr. December 10, 2016

A democratic agenda has to be put in place to prevent the return of authoritarianism. This agenda will define the moves to enable the pro-democracy forces to defeat authoritarianism.

Look also

Conclusion: Time for pro-democracy forces' agenda (part 2)
Philip M. Lustre Jr. December 11, 2016
The November 25 and 30 mass actions have confirmed two things: first, the existence of a critical mass of warm bodies to comprise the pro-democracy movement; and second, the emergence of young people, or millennials, as a new force to reckon with.



What’s a ‘state of lawlessness’?
Updated September 03, 2016
(UPDATED) Expect to see more soldiers, policemen, and checkpoints in key areas. Curfews can be imposed as the need arises.
The Videos

Duterte declares state of lawlessness - Ambush Interview - Davao City 9-3-2016
3 Sep 2016

Look also

these Videos in the album "‘State of lawlessness’ - 'State of national emergency', Section 18, Article VII of the Constitution"

What’s a ‘state of lawlessness’, Section 18, Article VII of the Constitution

State of lawlessness meant to keep things 'under control'

Mga limitasyon ng 'state of lawlessness'

'State of national emergency', nilagdaan ni Duterte

Dokumento sa deklarasyon ng State of National Emergency, inilabas ng Malacañang

Palace directives on 'State of national emergency'

and the articles:

State of lawlessness: Prelude to Martial Law?
by HOMOBONO A. ADAZA September 8, 2016

Prelude to Martial Law
December 06, 2016 by Ver F. Pacete

Diokno to Duterte: Why the continued state of nat'l emergency?
by Jodesz Gavilan October 22, 2016
Jose Manuel Diokno, dean of the De La Salle University College of Law, also says the involvement of the military in the war on drugs is questionable, with or without a state of national emergency

Congressmen justify drug war extension
by Mara Cepeda September 19, 2016
Surigao del Norte 2nd District Representative Robert Barbers, chairman of the committee on dangerous drugs, says the campaign against illegal drugs 'should not be time-bound'

Duterte seeks 6-month extension on drug war deadline
September 18, 2016
President Rodrigo Duterte on Sunday, September 18, asked for a 6-month "extension" on his self-imposed deadline to end illegal drugs in 3 to 6 months.
Duterte said he has a final list that is about 3 inches thick, bearing the names of alleged drug personalities that include public officials. He said he had no idea of the extent of the drug problem until he became Chief Executive.

Dela Rosa thankful for 'war on drugs' extension
by Bea Cupin September 18, 2016
The PNP chief says he did not even discuss the idea of an extension with President Rodrigo Duterte but reckons the Chief Executive has seen that police are 'having a hard time'

Duterte signs state of nat'l emergency proclamation
Updated September 05, 2016
(UPDATED) – President Rodrigo Duterte has signed a proclamation declaring a "state of national emergency on account of lawless violence," confirmed Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea to media on Monday, September 5. Look also HERE

How 'state of lawlessness' was miscommunicated
by Pia Ranada September 04, 2016
The conflicting statements about the ‘state of lawlessness’ declared by the President leave the public in a state of confusion. Who's responsible?

Palace justifies Duterte’s declaration of ‘state of lawlessness’
September 03, 2016 By Ruth Abbey Gita

State of lawlessness meant to keep things 'under control'
by Michael Bueza September 03, 2016
San Beda Graduate School of Law Dean Fr Ranhilio Aquino says that President Duterte's declaration of a state of lawlessness 'does not in any way entail the curtailment of any of our freedoms and liberties'

Duterte declares state of lawlessness
Updated September 03, 2016
(5TH UPDATE) The declaration is to ensure "coordinated efforts" between the police and the military in the government's fight against terrorism and illegal drugs, the President says

Government clarifies state of lawlessness order
September 03, 2016

Duterte declares 'state of lawless violence,' hikes military, police presence
Updated September 3, 2016

Making sense of Duterte's declaration of state of lawlessness
by Tony La Viña September 03, 2016
For now, Duterte's declaration does not appear to lead us to a slippery slope. But we must be vigilant.

and look MUCH more HERE

Proclamation No. 55, s. 2016
Signed September 4, 2016


Look also

Memorandum Order No. 3, s. 2016
Signed September 7, 2016

Memorandum Order No. 4, s. 2016

State of nat'l emergency: More police, military in malls, train stations
by Pia Ranada September 06, 2016
The Palace releases guidelines for implementing President Duterte's declaration of 'state of national emergency on account of lawless violence'

look also the above links and Videos

  Philippine habeas corpus cases - Article III

By: Cherry Apple M. Delaminez

are cases decided by the Supreme Court of the Philippines, concerning the writ of habeas corpus.
The writ of habeas corpus may be suspended in order to prevent any violence in cases of rebellion or insurrection, as the case may be. In Philippine jurisdiction, the present 1987 Philippine Constitution, Article III, Section 15 provides that “The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended except in cases of invasion or rebellion, when the public safety requires it.

Look it as pdf HERE or as Slideshow in the album with the Videos Sep 8, 2016:

De Lima vs suspension of habeas corpus: We already have 'creeping martial law, authoritarianism'

Gordon wants Duterte to suspend writ of habeas corpus

Suspensyon ng habeas corpus, iminungkahi ni Gordon

Look also

Duterte to Congress: Suspending habeas corpus a ‘passing thought’
by Camille Elemia November 15, 2016
'He was only thinking out loud, na ano ba 'yung mga weapons, ammunition, methods available to him,' Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III recalls the President telling lawmakers while discussing his war on drugs at a Palace meeting.

Duterte: Leaders need to do 'wrong' to protect people
by Pia Ranada November 14, 2016
President Duterte, after his warning to suspend the writ of habeas corpus, says, 'Either we do something to protect society or do something sometimes wrong to protect society'

Dela Rosa: Suspending habeas corpus makes job 'easier'
by Bea Cupin November 14, 2016
The PNP chief assures the public that even if the writ of habeas corpus is suspended, they will remain 'here to serve and protect.

LP senators: 'No basis' to suspend writ of habeas corpus
by Bea Cupin November 13, 2016
'The drug menace is not a ground to suspend the privilege of the writ,' say the 4 Liberal Party senators in a joint statement

Suspending habeas corpus to harm PNP, drug war - Lacson
by Mara Cepeda November 13, 2016
Malacañang, meanwhile, says the suspension of the writ 'is just an idea' so far.

Duterte to suspend writ of habeas corpus if 'forced'
by Paterno Esmaquel II November 12, 2016
President Rodrigo Duterte says the law allows him to do this 'to protect the Republic of the Philippines'
President Rodrigo Duterte warned that he can suspend the writ of habeas corpus, a safeguard against warrantless arrests, if lawlessness – particularly the illegal drugs trade – persists in the country.

and HERE

Understanding the writ of habeas corpus
November 16, 2016 by Nicko Tubo

Last November 11, President Rodrigo Duterte said he might suspend the writ of habeas corpus to strengthen the war on drugs and supress lawlessness in Mindanao.
But what is writ of habeas corpus?


Robredo: Duterte has no legal basis to suspend habeas corpus

President Rodrigo Duterte's threat to suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus has caused concern among ordinary citizens and public officials alike. Palace officials have quickly defended the president on his latest remarks, saying the possible suspension is an option accorded by law when conditions call for it. – ANC, The World Tonight, November 14, 2016

Proposal to suspend habeas corpus writ alarms senators
November 14, 2016 by Camille P. Balagt​as
Several senators expressed their disagreement on President Rodrigo Duterte’s idea to suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus as a response to the country's "worsening" drug problem and lawlessness.

Look also

Lawmakers hit Duterte's 'twisted, Marcosian' logic
by Mara Cepeda November 15, 2016
Congressmen from the independent minority bloc of the House cite the 'dangers' of President Rodrigo Duterte's unclear thought process.

The writ of habeas corpus restored
Proclamation No. 2, s. 1986

On March 2, 1986, addressing the large crowd that had gathered in Rizal Park, President Corazon C. Aquino announced the restoration of the writ of habeas corpus.

Republic Act 9163

the National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001


Look also RA 9163 IRR, NSTP-ROT Component and

Important look also above link about RA 7077 and HERE

and the Videos (Updated Sep 19, 2016) e.g.:

Managing Risk Using the Philippine’s National Service Training Program (NSTP) at the Community Level

and the articles:

Mandatory ROTC? How about no?
by Marjohara Tucay August 02, 2016
'What we need is a better path for the socio-civic involvement of the youth, a path that is congruent to the challenges of the changing times'

CHED: More info needed on reviving mandatory ROTC
by Jee Y. Geronimo August 05, 2016
'Realistically, [Duterte] wants it. I don't know if he will push [for] it right away, but we might as well do the groundwork,' says Commission on Higher Education chair Patricia Licuanan

Separation of Church and State” in the Philippines

Look also

Philippine “Separation of Church and State” Constitutional Clause: Nature, Purpose, Tests Based on Philippine and American Religion Clause History, Law and Jurisprudence

8 Reasons the Philippine Separation of Church and State is a (Bad) Joke

The principle of separation of church and state

INC’s defeat: Actualizing separation of church and state

Political system, etc.

Remark many of the videos in this section are albums in the album "Political system, etc."

Look also The President - Vice President and Foreign Policy - etc. - Pres. Rodrigo R. Duterte vs US - UN & EU

go to overview

This Act shall be known as the "Government Procurement Reform Act."

Look also
IRR Republic Act No. 9184
by August 29, 2016

Philippine Council of State

is an advisory body first established during the American Colonial Period by the Governor-General of the Philippines Francis Burton Harrison upon the recommendation of Philippine politicians and future Presidents of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña. Governor-General Harrison issued an executive order on 16 October 1918, creating the first Council of State in the Philippines "to harmonise the executive and legislative departments"

It was revived by President Corazon Aquino, but the Council lapsed into disuse but was never being formally abolished. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo reconvened it in 2005.

Look also HERE

National Security Council, NSC

the President's principal forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials.

Look also HERE

Philippine Government Electronic Procurement System, PhilGEPS

The PhilGEPS is government's leading tool in procurement management and its prime mover in promoting transparency and efficiency in public procurement. It is government's central portal for registration of suppliers and advertisement of bid opportunities.

Important: Look also HERE because problems to use www.philgeps.gov.ph

Look also the Videos


Politics of the Philippines
The Politics of the Philippines took place in an organized framework of a presidential, representative, and democratic republic whereby the president is both the head of state and the head of government within a pluriform multi-party system. This system revolves around three separate and sovereign yet interdependent branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch.

This video is targeted to blind users. Nov 23, 2014


The Government System after EDSA revolution
This is how the Philippine governments system flows after the EDSA revolution. Sep 1, 2013
Local government
Local government is divided into four levels:

Autonomous regions

Provinces and cities independent from a province

Component cities and municipalities


All divisions are called "local government units (LGUs)."

Philippine Councilors League - PCL


Barangay Councilors League of the Philippines - BCLP

Look also HERE and HERE

Sangguniang Kabataan - SK
"youth council"

is a council for youth in each barangay

Look also

LIST: Schedule of satellite Metro voters' registration
January 21, 2017
Interested parties may request for satellite registration activities in their area in preparation for the 2017 barangay and SK polls, says the Comelec

What’s in the new Sangguniang Kabataan?
by Lou Gepuela January 31, 2016
2016 will mark the first SK elections after a 3-year hiatus

Republic Act No. 10742
“Sangguniang Kabataan Reform Act of 2015”
Look the IRR HERE

Nat'l Youth Commission: Abolishing SK will deprive youth of their voice
August 28, 2016
NYC Chairperson Aiza Seguerra says removing the Sangguniang Kabataan would 'disenfranchise the Filipino youth'
The National Youth Commission (NYC) on Sunday, August 28, expressed alarm over the statements of legislators asking for the abolition of the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK).

Look also

Republic Act No. 10923
October 15, 2016

Why Duterte's plan to appoint barangay officials violates the Constitution
by Emil Marañon III March 29, 2017
Robert Ace Barbers' House Bill 5359, seeking to postpone village and youth polls and allowing the President to appoint OICs, contravenes the Constitution on at least 5 fronts

Robredo opposes appointment of barangay OICs
by Patty Pasion March 28, 2017
Vice President Leni Robredo says the postponement of barangay elections should be an opportunity to strengthen the independence of barangay officials.

Barbers files bill postponing barangay elections for 3 years
by Mara Cepeda March 27, 2017
Surigao del Norte 2nd District Representative Robert Ace Barbers' measure would also allow President Rodrigo Duterte to appoint officers-in-charge once the barangay polls are postponed

Duterte: Church, sectors can nominate barangay OICs
March 23, 2017
President Rodrigo Duterte says under his proposal, the Catholic Church, other religious denominations, and various groups can submit nominees for him to choose from

Duterte wants to appoint barangay officers-in-charge (OICs) if polls reset
by Marchel P. Espina March 22, 2017
Interior Secretary Ismael Sueno says President Rodrigo Duterte wants handpicked appointees in every barangay in the country to rid the country of drugs.

Duterte signs into law barangay, SK polls postponement bill
October 18, 2016 by Ruth Abbey Gita
President Rodrigo Duterte has signed into law a bill postponing the barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) elections scheduled on October 31.
The Palace is still waiting for the official copy of the newly signed law, said Assistant Secretary Marie Banaag of the Presidential Communications Office.

Congress agrees to postpone SK, barangay elections
August 30, 2016
The Senate and House of Representatives agreed Tuesday afternoon to postpone the barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) elections from October this year to October 2017.

Look also the Videos Sangguniang Kabataan - SK, "youth council" - Abolition of the Sangguniang Kabataan
Duterte explains why barangay polls should be postponed
Sep 18, 2016

Printing of ballots for barangay, SK polls stopped
August 29, 2016
The Comelec will wait for a law or joint resolution in Congress formalizing the polls' postponement

Comelec halts ballot printing for October polls
August 29, 2016 By Keith Calayag
THE Commission on Elections (Comelec) has temporarily halted the printing of ballots that will supposedly be used for the barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) elections this October.

Editorial: No barangay, SK polls this year
August 29, 2016
IT NOW appears like the barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) elections would be postponed after all, what with President Rodrigo Duterte and House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez saying they favor the postponement and majority of the senators also giving it a thumbs up.

Dutertism and Philippine populist criminality
by Christopher Magno July 11, 2016

We cite examples that represent a small portion of the many successful Philippine criminal politicians who began or furthered their political careers by capitalizing on their own crimes.
Two of the Filipinos I have interviewed express this popular view in stating, “All the politicians are corrupt”; “Give me the name of a politician who did not use government money for his own interests.”

Single ticket: How about voting for president and VP together?
by/ Benjamin Reilly and Ramon C. Casiple
March 23, 2016

When the winning presidential candidate comes from one party and the winning vice presidential candidate comes from another party, the best that can be hoped for is a 'coalition of convenience'
The Philippines is unusual in allowing “split-ticket” voting for its presidential and vice presidential elections.
This probably reflects American historical influence on the Philippines, as the United States once had this model.


Cebu: Most vote-rich province in PH
Let us look at the most vote-rich provinces in the country. Let us go to Cebu in the Visayas. Cebu province is a favorite destination of candidates running for national office. With close to three million registered voters, the Cebuano vote may spell the difference between the presidency - or any other national elective post - and political oblivion.

Cebu: Pinakamaraming rehistradong botante sa Pilipinas
Dumako tayo sa mga lalawigan na may pinakamaraming rehistradong botante sa buong bansa. Sa kabisayaan, ang Cebu. Makailang ulit pinasadahan ng mga presidential candidates ang lungsod at probinsya ng Cebu para ligawan ang halos tatlong milyong botante roon.

Both Feb 4, 2016

Look also

Biggest Provinces in The Philippines in Terms of Votes

10 vote-rich provinces have one-third of country's voters

Fast Facts: Cebu and elections
by/ Michael Bueza March 18, 2016
Know the electoral profile of the province with the biggest voters' population

The Three Branches' structure of the Government - Etc.

go to overview


Originally suggested by Aristotle in his treatise on Politics, and later on recognized by Marsiglio of Padua, Cromwell, Locke and Montesquieu, the doctrine of separation enunciates the idea of grouping the powers of government into three classes and of their apportionment among three coordinate departments, separate from and independent of each other.

by/Lormel Gesite, BSIT Student at Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite Mar 22, 2012

Look it as pdf HERE or as Video

The legislative department
Atty. Ryan Legisniana Estevez, MPP

Look it as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Legislative department"


Legislative Department

Remark this is an album in the album "Legislative department"

Lecture on the Legislative Department of the Republic of the Philippines
Justin Martin O. Hernandez

Look it as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Legislative department"


House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez on the legislation in the time of Duterte
December 13, 2016
What are the Duterte administration's priority measures? House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez talks to Rappler about these

Remark this is an album in the album "Legislative department"

IMPORTANT: Look the full description with highlights on the video and the article:

Look also the article:
Pantaleon Alvarez, Duterte’s lieutenant at the House

Executive department
by/Mara Angelica Refraccion. Oct 08, 2011

Look it as pdf HERE or as Video


The Judicial Department

Look also Court system

Congress of the Philippines

the national legislature of the Philippines. It is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate (upper chamber), and the House of Representatives (lower chamber) although commonly in the Philippines the term congress refers to the latter

Senate of the Philippines

Read also

History of the Senate

President of the Senate of the Philippines or more popularly known as the Senate President, is the presiding officer and the highest ranking-official of the Senate of the Philippines.

President Pro-Tempore of the Senate of the Philippines is the second highest-ranking official of the Senate of the Philippines. During the absence of the Senate President, the Senate President pro tempore presides over the Senate.

2016 election of members to the Senate of the Philippines was the 32nd election of members to the Senate of the Philippines.

The Philippine Postal Corporation launches February 4, 2016 the Senate Centennial Commemorative Stamp to mark the 100 years 1916-2016 of the establishment of the Philippine Senate

IN PHOTOS: Philippine Senate turns 100
October 08, 2016
Incumbent and former senators celebrate the institution's centennial anniversary

FAST FACTS: Trivia on the Philippine Senate
Research by Michael Bueza and Katerina Francisco October 16, 2016
Compiled interesting tidbits and trivia on the Senate, which turns 100 this year

and videos from the Senate HERE

Rules of the Senate

Look also

all by Camille Elemia September 10, 11 and 13 2016

Senate ethics body torn on how to handle complaint vs De Lima
Two allies of Senator Leila De Lima want the committee to decide first on its jurisdiction over the complaint, not on the complaint's form and substance

Ethics complaint vs De Lima? Issues of the ethics committee
Former senator Rene Saguisag, who once headed the Senate ethics committee, says politics also comes into play in deciding complaints against senators

Only 2 senators reprimanded by Senate in 30 years
Out of all ethics complaints, the Senate has only censured former senators Juan Ponce Enrile and Heherson Alvarez. Former senator Manny Villar was only reprimanded on paper, due to lack of quorum caused by the absence of his allies

House of Representatives of the Philippines

Look also HERE

and videos from the House HERE

Batasang Pambansa Complex

the headquarters of the House of Representatives of the Philippines. It is located at Batasan Road, Batasan Hills, Quezon City.

Presidential Legislative Liaison Office - PLLO
Promotion of Presidential legislative initiatives and other Administration-sponsored priority policy reforms and development programs through a strategic information dissemination campaign and sustained day-to-day collaboration with the two Chambers of Congress, as well as with other interest groups.
Look also
Alvarez wants to scrap PLLO
by Mara Cepeda February 13, 2017
Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez says the Presidential Legislative Liaison Office's function is redundant since the LEDAC already exists
The Congressional Spouses Foundation, Inc. - CSFI
is a cause-oriented organization composed of the spouses of the members of the House of Representatives. It is committed to support and complement the legislative and public service mandate of the House of Representatives and its members through socio-civic and other developmental initiatives.
Look also
Alvarez wants to scrap Congressional Spouses Foundation
by Mara Cepeda February 13, 2017
Charter Change? - Federalism in PH - Pros and cons of federalism - Etc.

Look also below Under decentralization

Remark most of the videos in this section are albums in the album "Pros and cons of federalism"

go to overview

Robredo: No need to overhaul Constitution
Vice President Leni Robredo says lawmakers should just introduce amendments to some provisions of the Constitution.
A country's constitution should be fluid with the times but it doesn't mean it should be overhauled, said Vice President Leni Robredo.

Look also

Federalism raises 'more questions than answers'
'Is federalism the only way the Philippines can save itself? Is the Philippines ready for federalism?' asks Vice President Leni Robredo

Both by Patty Pasion February 21, 24, 2017

Is federalism the silver bullet?
by Ronald U. Mendoza January 13, 2017

If federalism is to bring fundamental change, then the dynasties and the oligarchs should face greater competition.

Congress 2017: Bleak prospects for shift to federalism
by Camille Elemia and Mara Cepeda January 11, 2017

The proposal to change the Philippines' system of government – a cornerstone of President Duterte's campaign – may have widespread support in the House of Representatives, but may face challenges in the Senate.

Duterte: 'I might as well give up Mindanao sans federalism'
December 07, 2016 by Ruth Abbey Gita
The President said that if his administration fails to push for federalism, the Moro people will never cooperate with the government to pursue long-lasting peace in the country.
I am saying this but if you don’t want to believe me, it’s up to you,” Duterte said.
Duterte to quit in 3 years if federalism begins
by Paterno Esmaquel II October 29, 2016

'Basta ako sana mismo ang magsabi, alis na ako. Hindi ako maghintay ng 6 years,' President Rodrigo Duterte says as he pushes for federalism.

'Is federalism a Trojan horse for other agenda?'
by Paterno Esmaquel II October 20, 2016

Constitutionalist Christian Monsod says President Rodrigo Duterte's rush to amend the Constitution 'is dangerous demagoguery'

LOOK: The 12 Deputy Speakers of the 17th Congress
by Mara Cepeda August 17, 2016

The House leadership appoints 7 more deputy speakers as the 17th Congress prepares for a shift to federalism.
The 12 deputy speakers are set to represent 12 autonomous regions that would arise should the Philippines become a federal state.

Federalism's implications on our legal and judicial systems
by Tony La Viña and Johanna Lorenzo January 07, 2017

The emergence of separate and distinct legal and judicial systems within the country need not necessarily divide Filipinos, but it bears to recognize that such a threat does exist, and it should at least cause one to think though the consequences of shifting to a federalist system.


Pros and cons of federalism

Several videos with different "Pros and cons"

Why federalism is not the answer
by Vicente V. Mendoza October 10, 2016

Writes a retired Supreme Court justice: 'We don’t need to change to a federal system but only push hard for decentralization to break up the concentration of power in the central government'

Look also

No to federalism
February 07, 2017 By Justin K. Vestil
RETIRED Supreme Court Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr. urged the national government to fully implement the 1987 Constitution rather than proposing for a change of government.

Duterte: I’ll offer to resign once PH becomes federal
by Pia Ranada July 28, 2016

If Congress is able to complete the process toward federalism in 2 to 4 years, Rodrigo Duterte will offer to resign to make way for the election of new leaders.
“If they can shorten the proceedings, you have a Constitution that is federal in 2 or 3 years, then you have to elect a president. Of course, that would automatically legally [mean] hindi na ako p'wede (I will have to be replaced), so I will offer to resign,” he said on Wednesday night, July 27, during an event with the League of Cities and Provinces.

Look also

Ex-Chief Justice Davide against amending Constitution
by Michael Bueza August 14, 2016
If plans for charter change push through, he hopes amendments will be done via a Constitutional Convention
Former Supreme Court Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr opposes amending the current 1987 Constitution.

Brillantes: Federalism 'next logical step' in empowering local gov'ts
by Jodesz Gavilan August 06, 2016
Former UP National College of Public Administration and Governance dean Alex Brillantes Jr says federalism can be 'one fundamental reform' that can transform and empower frontline government units,
and look the video on the site: Rappler editor-at-large Marites Vitug talks to former UP NCPAG Dean Alex Brillantes on the merits of federalism for the Philippines.

Fariñas: Suspension of lawmaking for Con-Ass 'not fatal'
by Mara Cepeda August 05, 2016
'You are talking about divorce, you are talking about death penalty. E paano kung sa bagong Constitution bawal pala ‘yun? Sayang lang ang ginawa mong batas,' says House Majority Leader Rodolfo Fariñas

Duterte: I'll close Congress if Con-Ass ruins Charter
by Pia Ranada August 04, 2016
President Rodrigo Duterte tells critics of a Constituent Assembly that he is their last line of defense against a bastardized Constitution

Con or Ass: We can misbehave!
by Fr. Ranhilio Callangan Aquino August 04, 2016
For charter change, a convention of appointed members would still be perfectly constitutional

Con-Com EO for federalism
by Mara Cepeda August 01, 2016
(UPDATED) The Speaker proposes the formation of a Constitutional Commission after critics said there would be abuse of power in a Constituent Assembly
House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said he would suggest to President Rodrigo Duterte to issue an executive order (EO) to create for a Constitutional Commission (Con-Com).
The Con-Com, whose members will be appointed, is envisioned to help the Constituent Assembly in amending the 1987 Constitution.

Will federalism address PH woes?
Pros and cons of making the shift
by/Pia Ranada and Nico Villarete Updated February 01, 2016

At least 3 presidential and vice presidential candidates in 2016 are pushing for a change in the Philippine system of government

Look also

Alvarez files con-con bill for federalism
by Mara Cepeda July 01, 2016

Davao del Norte First District Representative Bebot Alvarez, who is expected to be the House Speaker, is eyeing to set up a federalist form of government within President Rodrigo Duterte's term

Duterte: 'I won’t pursue federalism if not all Filipinos favor it'
July 08, 2016 By Ruth Abbey Gita

PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte said Friday that he will not push for federalism if the entire Filipino people would not accept such kind of government.

How many states should PH have under federalism?
by Mara Cepeda July 12, 2016

Advocates of federalism want to divide the country into 11 autonomous states

No vice president under federalism? Alvarez says 'it depends'
by/ Bea Cupin June 07, 2016

Davao del Norte's Pantaleon Alvarez, the preferred House Speaker of the President-elect, is asked if the Duterte administration is moving to abolish the VP post

Look also the video 'Duterte: This is how Federalism will work in the Philippines' in the above album

and the articles

Federalism can't cut short VP Robredo term – experts
by/Patty Pasion June 08, 2016
The Philippines can also create a federal, parliamentary form of government that allows for a vice president or a deputy prime minister, congressmen say

FAST FACTS: The vice president in a federal parliamentary gov't
by/Reynaldo Santos Jr June 09, 2016

Federalism in PH: 81 senators, 11 federal states?
by Katerina Francisco June 17, 2016

Former Senate president Aqulino Pimentel Jr suggests increasing the number of senators for a proposed federal Philippine government, and adding disputed areas to the country's territory

Look also

Federalism proposal: Disperse seats of power throughout PH
by Katerina Francisco June 18, 2016
Former Senate president Aquilino Pimentel Jr outlines the features of a proposed federal government: autonomous regions will enforce policies for their own affairs, leaving the central government to focus on areas of national interest

Robredo: Federalism a good idea, but are we ready?
by Bobby Lagsa July 08, 2016
The Vice President points out that a number of municipalities are still dependent on the IRA for their operations, indicating their lack of capability to raise incomes independent of the national government

Elections, general - Electoral violence - Democracy - etc.

Look also Human Rights - etc.

go to overview

What are Comelec rules on election propaganda?
by/ Reynaldo Santos Jr April 06, 2016

Know what the requirements for campaign paraphernalia are, and report election campaign offenses.

Look also the Video

Can candidates spend like crazy on campaigns?
by/ Fritzie Rodriguez April 26, 2016
Will candidates stick to the rules on campaign spending? And more importantly, will the Comelec implement its rules?

Look also about Statement of Contribution and Expenditure (SOCE)



LENTE: Candidates should specify donors in SOCE
Dec 8, 2016

An investigative media report has raised questions over how candidates should identify the sources of their campaign funding.

Duterte donor Imee Marcos not in his SOCE
by Paterno Esmaquel II October 11, 2016
Referring to Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos' donation, President Rodrigo Duterte says, 'Si Imee pa ang nagbigay. Sabi niya inutang daw niya'
President Rodrigo Duterte recently said Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos helped fund his presidential bid, with Marcos even borrowing money to fuel his campaign.
Duterte's Statement of Contributions and Expenditures (SOCE), however, does not list Marcos among his contributors.

Look also the Video and the articles:

Can candidates spend like crazy on campaigns?
by/ Fritzie Rodriguez April 26, 2016

Comelec data leaked by hackers

Updated March 28, 2016 Second hacking: A group calling itself LulzSec Pilipinas posts the Commission on Elections' database shortly after Anonymous PH defaces the poll body's website

IMPORTANT look also

Comelec chair 'criminally liable' for data leak
by Michael Bueza January 05, 2017
(UPDATED) The National Privacy Commission says that the Commission on Elections and its chairman Andres Bautista violated provisions of the
Data Privacy Act of 2012

Comelec leak can lead to identity theft

More than 200,000 emails compromised after Comelec hack
by/ Victor Barreiro Jr. April 14, 2016
Troy Hunt's website Have I Been Pwned? reveals Filipino voters' marital statuses, biometric data, physical attributes, family members have also been exposed

Outrage as voters' personal data leaked online
by/ Rappler Social Media Team April 21, 2016
Netizens express shock and anger after finding out that their birthdays, addresses, and passport info, among others, have been exposed

After Comelec data leak, what to do to protect yourself?
by/Michael Bueza April 21, 2016
Be aware of the risks now that your personal information is out there, IT and data privacy experts warn. Here are some tips.

Searchable website of leaked Comelec data taken down
by/Victor Barreiro Jr. April 22, 2016
While the site does appear to be down, Filipinos' data from the Comelec data breach is likely still circulating online

Conversations with the creators of We Have Your Data
Luis Buenaventura April 22, 2016
We Have Your Data's creators talk with Luis Buenaventura to shed some light on the site

Comelec leak – what I discovered
by/Joben Ilagan April 27, 2016

Comelec leak – what can go wrong?
by/Joben Ilagan April 27, 2016

and the Video
Leaked Comelec data may be used for crime

Remark this is an album in the album "Scams & Identity theft"

What have we learned a year since 'Comeleak'?
by Michael Bueza March 28, 2017
The voters' data leak and a break-in at a Lanao town have put the Comelec, the National Privacy Commission, and the Data Privacy Act to the test.
Comelec faces probe for another possible data breach
by Paterno Esmaquel II and Michael Bueza February 16, 2017

Rappler learns that the stolen computer in Lanao del Sur contains the voter records, including the biometrics, of the Philippines' 55 million voters

Look also

Confirmed: Comelec computer stolen in Lanao contains national voters' list
with Video
by Michael Bueza February 20, 2017
While the National Privacy Commission and the police are investigating the break-in, Comelec orders additional security measures in all city and municipal election offices.

#PHVote: When drought, politics, and firearms mix
by/Glenda M. Gloria April 04, 2016

Mindanao has always been every government’s Achilles heel, but more so ....

7 in 10 Filipinos say democracy still working
by/Ruth Abbey Gita Feb 25, 2016

SEVEN in 10 Filipinos believe with how democracy works 30 years after the fall of the Marcos dictatorship, according to a latest survey conducted by the Social Weather Stations, SWS.

Look also

Marcos dictatorship, machismo, and human rights in elections
by/Clara Rita Padilla Updated May 02, 2016

The country's next leader will have a lot of work to do to address the government's spotty human rights track record

How can we improve PH democracy?
by/ Katerina Francisco February 19, 2016

Political scientist Aries Arugay proposes 5 political reforms that could improve the quality of institutions and Philippine democracy – among them, election of a straight ticket

How big is the president-vice president tandem vote?
by/Ma. Rosel S. San Pascual and Clarissa C. David April 16, 2016
Our system is more akin to that of some Latin American countries where 'split ticket' voting is allowed. The downside is we end up with the two top positions occupied by people who were not inclined to work together in the first place.
How to check if online election-related information is reliable
by/ Analiza Perez-Amurao May 14, 2016

Find out the purpose of the online article you are reading to determine motivation. This can help you decide whether what the author is saying is fact, opinion, or plain propaganda.

Women in PH politics
by/ Fritzie Rodriguez March 01, 2016

In the past 6 elections – from 1998 to 2013 – more men have participated and won than women

Party list: Who gets to choose candidates?
by/Benjamin Reilly April 08, 2016

The Philippines can learn a few things from how political parties in other countries draw up their lists of candidates


PH party list: Making it more representative
Jul 1, 2016

The Philippines’ system of electing party-list representatives differs significantly from how most countries do it.
Scholars advocate that the number of seats a party has in the legislature should be proportional to the number of votes that the party has received in the election.

Look more HERE

What does the most vote-rich province want from the next president?
by/Apple Grace Danuco May 05, 2016

Cebu is the most vote-rich province in the Philippines, with about 2.7 million registered voters


Politics in disasters - Dalawang mukha ng kalamidad

Election time, should disasters – and officials’ responses to calamities – figure in voters’ choice of their next leaders?

Mar 9, 10, 11, 2016


Political killing fields, electoral violence

Poverty and electoral violence in Masbate

Kahirapan at karahasan sa Masbate

both Feb 25, 2016

Maguindanao Massacre, election-related violence and media killings, November 23, 2009

6 updates on Maguindanao massacre's 6th year
by Jodesz Gavilan November 21, 2015
Rappler lists down what happened during the months leading to the 6th year of the worst case of election-related violence and media killings in the Philippines

Look also
7 years later: What happened to the Maguindanao massacre case?
by Katerina Francisco Updated November 23, 2016
(UPDATED) Will the worst case of election-related violence in the Philippines reach its resolution under the Duterte administration?

the slideshow: Dozens of bodies found in mass grave in Amputuan, Maguindanao province

and the Video:

What Really Happened During the Maguindanao Massacre?

in the album "Maguindanao Massacre, election-related violence and media killings"

People Power veterans to Bongbong: Wala ka bang puso?
by/ Voltaire Tupaz Feb 24, 2016

'You're aspiring to be the vice president of the country. Address the darkest part of our history.'

Look also ‘Marcos snares, Imeldific lies':

1,400 Catholic schools back call vs ‘Marcos snares, Imeldific lies'
March 08, 2016
The Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines slams 'the attempt of Ferdinand Marcos Jr 'to canonize the harrowing horrors of the Martial rule'

Ateneo presidents slam Bongbong Marcos ‘revision of history’
by/ Paterno Esmaquel II March 07, 2016
Heads of Jesuit-run universities join nearly 530 other signatories against ‘the darkness and oppression of the Marcos years’

and below HERE and the Video: Aquino slams Marcos son: Martial law not 'golden age' in the album "EDSA People Power Revolution" in the album "Philippine History"




SAMASA Selfies
Apr 17, 2016 by/Malu Maniquis
Millennials take a stand against Marcos Jr together with

Look also the articles
Former UP rivals Samasa, Tugon unite vs Bongbong
April 15, 2016 By: Tricia Aquino, InterAksyon.com

Help youth understand why 'never again' to martial law
September 20, 2015
43 years after the declaration of martial law, Malacañang hopes the youth will understand why the period should never happen again!

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections

go to overview

The Philippine Electoral Almanac
This book traces the history of Philippine elections. Leading up to the present day, it explores the intricate relationship, in a democracy, between the President and Congress; analyzes the partnerships established between political parties and personalities; fleshes out the history of political coalitions; and details every Philippine national referendum held to date.
Elections, Voting - Etc.

Remark videos in this section are albums in the album "Political system, etc."

go to overview

The Omnibus Election Code
Batas Pambansa Bilang 881 - Full text

Look also HERE and

Comelec to Congress: Amend outdated Omnibus Election Code
January 02, 2017
THE Commission on Elections (Comelec) will be asking lawmakers to amend the over three decades old Omnibus Election Code (OEC). “We are hoping that, by the first quarter of 2017, we can already pass (our draft amendments),” said Comelec Chairman Andres Bautista.

and the Video:
Senate wants to amend Omnibus Election Code
The Omnibus Election Code should be amended to prevent over-spending as well as premature campaigning of candidates. Feb 10, 2016

Republic Act No. 9189 - The Overseas Absentee Voting Act

a law passed on February 13, 2003 which provides for a system for citizens of the Philippines currently residing or working outside of the Philippines to vote in an election. This act was a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 2104 and House Bill No. 3570, the first draft was authored in congress on July 22, 2002. The act is implemented by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) with the help of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA).

Look also
Policy paper on overseas absentee voting (OAV) and What you need to know about overseas absentee voters
by/ Jodesz Gavilan April 09, 2016

Republic Act No. 9369

Automated Elections in the Philippines - AES

Look it as pdf HERE

Look also


A History of Automated Elections in the Philippines HERE - Look the history as pdf HERE

Republic Act No. 9006
Fair Elections Act

Look also HERE and as pdf RA 9006 IRR

and the Video

Comelec Chairman Andres Bautista and Election Lawyer Atty. Romeo Macalintal explain the Fair Elections Act. Feb 27, 2016



Commission on Elections, or COMELEC

Resolution No. 9981, Promulgation: 18 August 2015




What's banned during the election period?
Feb 8, 2016

Look also HERE


Tapatan Ni Tunying: Election Heroes
May 6, 2016

Who are the real heroes behind every election in the country?

Editorial: “One good vote”
May 08, 2016

Look also about


Undervoting happens when the number of choices made by a voter for a particular contest is less than the minimum number allowed for that race, or when no choice is made for a single choice contest.
For example, undervoting occurs when a voter chooses less than 12 names for senator on the ballot, or when a voter abstains in the choice for president, vice president, governor, representative, and other local executive posts.
Undervoting is common during elections, and does not necessarily translate to poll fraud.

HERE, May 26, 2016 and more HERE, June 10, 2016

Selfies not allowed in polling precincts
by/Linette Ramos Cantalejo, SunStar, April 06, 2016

Mandaue City Election Officer Ferdinand Gujilde says those who bring their voters' receipts out of the polling place will face up to 6 years imprisonment

Elections Guide: A walk-through
Voters Guide
Did any of your bets violate campaign guidelines set by Comelec? Take some time to learn about the do’s and don'ts in campaigning and use this knowledge to decide.

Look also

10 things we should know about Philippine elections
by/Amado “Bong” Mendoza Jr. Professor of Political Science & International Studies in UP Diliman. Look it as pdf HERE

The idiot's guide to Philippine elections
by/Bertrand Rodriguez Jr May 07, 2016
'Bato bato sa langit, ang tamaan huwag magalit'


Brief explanation of how to vote, register, process and what to do about The Election. Sep 7, 2015
How to Vote. Apr 15, 2016
Not sure how to vote on election day? Watch this video.

Look also the article How to vote
by/Fritzie Rodriguez April 20, 2016
Do you know how to vote come election day? Watch our step-by-step guide.
Philippine Voting Process
Voters Education
Feb 27, 2012
eVOTE Philippines Election System
Voting System using "TABLET" eVote.
Aug 17, 2014

Editorial: Protecting the vote
Feb 28, 2016

Look the editorial as pdf HERE

Look also

Taking home vote receipts? You can go to jail
by/ Paterno Esmaquel II April 13, 2016
The punishment for this election offense is 'imprisonment of not less than one year but not more than six years'

EXPLAINER: Can voters be jailed for taking voting receipts out of precincts?
by/Emil Marañon III April 15, 2016
The answer lies in whether the voting receipts should be classified as election document or election paraphernalia under the law. 'It should not be.'

Confused by surveys: What do terms mean?
by/ Jodesz Gavilan February 18, 2016

Surveys use a lot of statistical terms. We explain key terms and their significance to make them more understandable.


DEMO of the VCM, 25 January 2016
How the vote counting machine works
Comelec spokesman James Jimenez demonstrated how the new vote counting machine works. Feb 4, 2016
Comelec OKs display of votes on VCM screens
by/ Paterno Esmaquel II March 04, 2016
The Comelec says vote-counting machines or VCMs will display votes on the monitor for 15 seconds per voter. Look also HERE

The Legal Network for Truthful Elections, LENTE has welcomed the decision of the Commission on Elections, Comelec en banc to enable the onscreen verification feature of the vote-counting machines, VCMs in place of the voter verification paper audit trail, VVPAT. Mar 5, 2016. Look above about LENTE

Look also Comelec to lease 94,000 new machines for 2016 elections

New voting machine 'friendlier, faster than PCOS
by/ Raymon Dullana February 13, 2016
“When we compare this to the PCOS machine used in 2013, I can say not only for us from BEI but also for the voters that this new Voting and Counting Machine (VCM) is friendlier,” Board of Election Inspectors, BEI-Tuguegarao City chairman Hilarion La Madrid told

Vote-counting machines unreliable, says watchdog
by/ Voltaire Tupaz Feb 14, 2016
Poll watchdog Kontra Daya makes the observation after mock elections
Despite Comelec’s earlier assurances that it fixed glitches in the automated election system, the mock elections held February 13, revealed loopholes that could affect the accuracy of the vote counting, a poll watchdog said.

Comelec ballot rule may rob voters of right to vote
by/Paterno Esmaquel II April 16, 2016
The most senior Comelec Commissioner, Christian Lim, disagrees with the new ballot rule, hinting it can also be used for cheating.
The Commission on Elections (Comelec) approved, an unprecedented rule that allows voters to get replacement ballots if, through no fault of their own, vote-counting machines (VCMs) reject their original ballots.

How to prevent cheating with the vote-counting machines
by/Emil Marañon III May 04, 2016
Know the weak features of this animal called the VCM that the unscrupulous might exploit on election day

EXPLAINER: Why it's alright not to have voting receipts
by/Emil Marañon III Updated March 01, 2016

The 'paper audit trail’ required by law does not have to be a receipt; it can be the ballot itself, depending on the voting technology chosen by Comelec during a particular election

Look also It is absolutely wrong to disable the voter receipts
by/ Glenn Chong Updated March 02, 2016
Glenn Chong of the election watchdog AESWatch says: In automated elections, the ballots are secretly read and counted inside the machine. The hidden nature of automated vote counting negates transparency


Hopeful Sorsogon mother crosses three mountains to vote

Shod in slippers, Mirasol Gracela made an arduous two-hour trek across three mountains in Sorsogon province to cast her vote, hopeful that the country's future leaders will help her three children crawl out of poverty. May 21, 2016

Election-related human rights violations rampant online – CHR
by/Fritzie Rodriguez April 18, 2016

The Commission on Human Rights reminds Filipinos that making threats on social media is a form of human rights violation
The CHR, through its project "Bantay Karapatan sa Halalan", BKH, highlighted the need to "govern" online spaces as they are used by some Filipinos to spread election-related violence and threats.
The project is in partnership with poll watchdogs and human rights groups like Lente and Dakila.

EDSA30: How to help young voters understand martial law
by/ Patty Pasion Feb 24, 2016
Major players in the EDSA People Power Revolution have some advice for young people, who now tend to favor a strongman for a leader.

Look it as pdf HERE and

Young Filipinos shocked by martial law victims' stories
May 04, 2016
They thought the martial law era was a time of prosperity and discipline but were shocked to hear of atrocities committed by the regime

and more here Martial Law and the EDSA Revolution

Vote-selling, Combatting vote-selling - Etc.

Remark videos in this section are albums in the album "Political system, etc."

go to overview

Time to change our hypocritical approach to vote buying
by/ Emil Marañon III March 30, 2016

Anti-vote buying campaigns are grounded on the pretentious narrative of a Filipino who is poor yet moral. This is so detached from the reality that, for someone who has nothing to eat, money is money.
Votes have never been commodified as it is now. Voters have never been this willing to sell their votes, and politicians more eager to buy them.
So are we missing something in the campaign against vote buying?

Vote buying and selling are election offenses under Section 261 (a) of the Omnibus Election Code. They are punishable with imprisonment of not less than one year but not more than 6 years.
Despite the severity in the penalty, why does no one seem to comply?

The many ways of buying votes

Will you sell your vote for a couple of bucks or favors?
All secrets are eventually revealed. Or are they? In the Philippines, vote-buying and vote-selling have been part of every election. This, despite laws restricting it. Vote-buying is an open secret among several communities, yet it is among the hardest election offenses to prove.

Look also Comelec urges public to report vote-buying
'Vote-buying is a problem that will stay with us until such time that people are enlightened about it and how it’s ridiculous,' says Comelec spokesperson James Jimenez

Both by/ Fritzie Rodriguez April 03, 2016

Vote selling among the poor a 'logical' decision - think tank
by/Aika Rey April 25, 2016

The Institute of Philippine Culture found that accepting money among poor voters does not necessarily mean selling one's vote

Allen Hicken 'Combatting vote-selling in the Philippines' 14 April 2015

Look also the Videos Combatting vote-selling


also the article Combating Vote-Selling in the Philippines
by/Researchers: Allen Hicken, Stephen Leider, Nico Ravanilla & Dean Yang

Election cheating - Poll Watchers - monitor the canvassing of votes in elections - Etc.

Remark videos in this section are albums in the album "Political system, etc."

go to overview

'Fingerprints of election thieves' spotted in past PH polls data
by/Gemma Bagayaua-Mendoza May 08, 2016

Look also

Election cheating? VCMs may not be the best way to do it
by/Emil Marañon III May 08, 2016

National Citizens' Movement for Free Elections, NAMFREL
an election watchdog in the Philippines. It was the first and one of the most famous election watch campaign. It is known to have introduced non-partisan national election monitoring to the Philippines after exposing the issues involved with the 1986 Snap Elections

Look also HERE and the Video: Namfrel says poll cheating still possible Apr 26, 2016, and the above Videos

The Legal Network for Truthful Elections, LENTE

LENTE is a nationwide network of lawyers, law students, paralegals, and other trained volunteers set up by various non-partisan groups to monitor the canvassing of votes in elections.

Look also HERE and the Videos e.g.

MAKIALAM KA! 2016 Barangay and SK Elections

and the above Videos

Report vote buying, other election wrongdoing
3:01 PM, April 26, 2016

Report cases of vote buying, vote selling, election-related violence, campaign violations, and other forms of election problems and offenses using the #PHVoteWatch map



Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV)

a non-profit organization that serves as a watchdog in Philippine elections. Despite being affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church, it considers itself an independent, non-partisan, and non-sectarian organization.

Look also HERE and

the Videos

PPCRV says candidates' ad spending 'scandalous'

Instructions for Poll Watchers Apr 15, 2016
You want to be a poll watcher? Here's what you can do.

Political Dynasties, Families - Etc.

go to overview

Under decentralization: More Ampatuans than Robredos?
by Ronald U. Mendoza and Miann Banaag November 26, 2016

If decentralization (or broader, federalism) is to work, leadership selection must first be made more inclusive and competitive.
This article provides an update on the local government leadership patterns in the country, incorporating the results from the May 2016 elections. Overall, the Philippines’ local governments have become more and more dynastic since 2007.

Duterte backs political dynasties
By Rosette Adel Updated June 25, 2015
Davao City Mayor Rodrigo "Rody" Duterte on Wednesday said he is opposing with the provisions of the proposed Anti-Dynasty Bill and finds it undemocratic.
Look also
Duterte’s children proclaimed Davao City top execs
By Edith Regalado Updated May 13, 2016
Political dynasties

have long been present in the Philippine political structure. They are typically found in elite families that have established themselves in a province before moving on to the national government.
Go down the page and look the different dynasties.

Look also
Aquino Clan, one of the powerful political families
Aquino-Cojuangco clan, one of the premier political clans
The Aquino Political Dynasty
Philippine Politics: The Showbiz Government
In a typical Philippine political family situation, the hierarchy of Government officials that makes up a number of relatives or children that controls a certain municipality or even the country is an open secret.
Look whose involved in plunder - members of political dynasties

The Duterte Bloodline
By Antonio V. Figueroa 05 December 2015

The Dutertes, one of the political clans in Davao Region, historically come from Cebu. Oral tradition points out that there were actually two Duterte clans in that province, one from the south and the other from the north.

Look the article as pdf HERE

Look also Rodrigo Duterte

The Lopezes' new family saga
with video
by Lala Rimando February 13, 2017

Environment Secretary Gina Lopez is leading her entire clan in a familiar battle that involves politics and business.
Regina "Gina" Paz Lopez is leading her entire clan in a familiar battle that involves politics and business.

Look also Lopez Family Values and Regina Paz "Gina" La'O Lopez

Incumbent clans
Dys of Isabela, Singsons of Ilocos Sur, Marcoses of Ilocos Norte, Ortegas of La Union, Espinos of Pangasinan
dominate northern Luzon
by/ Raymon Dullana May 14, 2016
The rise of 'fat dynasties'
by/ David Lozada April 14, 2016

In a forum organized by the Ateneo School of Government, experts say political dynasties are one of the reasons why economic growth remains slow

How much of our country will we lose to political dynasties?by/Clarissa C. David and EF Legara
October 20, 2015
After Election Day, will the country be able to reclaim territory from dynasties, or will the bleeding continue?
Last week thousands of people trooped to the Comelec to file their certificates of candidacy (COC), many of them vying for seats in local offices where members of their families hold monopolies of power. After the dust settles on filings, how many local elections will the country lose to dynasties? How many elections are hopelessly locked into a dynastic outcome because all candidates are dynastic?
Who chooses dynastic candidates in PH senatorial polls?
by/ Ma. Rosel S. San Pascual and Clarissa C. David
March 12, 2016
While much has been written about the prevalence of dynasties in Philippine politics and about the reservation that political dynasties are unhealthy for a democratic society, not much has been written about the profile of their voters!
Political dynasties: The end of PH politics?
by/Efren N. Padilla September 27, 2015
'The superiority of political dynasties is the dead end of Philippine politics. Unless we institutionally diffuse political power or change our political narrative to a multidimensional one'
Look also One man's dream ends century-old political dynasty in Bantayan, Cebu
by/ Richale Cabauatan June 05, 2016
As a child, Art Despi dreamed of becoming mayor. Realized in the 2016 elections, that very same dream ended the Escario family's century-old political dynasty in the town.


Why Congress has yet to pass anti-dynasty bill

There has been a never-ending push for the passage of legislation against political dynasties, but this has yet to yield a positive result. - ANC, The World Tonight, October 22, 2015

The real problem with political families
by/Michael Brown Jun 21, 2015

If we want to reduce the harmful effects of political dynasties, we shouldn't try to control the families, we should try to control the profit. In the Philippines, political families or "dynasties" pose a sticky problem.


Durano clan of Cebu: Grassroots machinery for national campaign

Political families have become the machinery of those seeking the country's highest office. Let us visit Cebu, whose families are among the most sought after by would-be presidents. Jan 14, 2016

Kampanya Serye: Ang mga Duranos ng Cebu

Malaking bagay na inendorso ng lahat ng political clans sa Cebu, kabilang na ang mga Durano, si Arroyo, kaya siya nanalo kahit pa sinasabing nagkadayaan. Jan 15, 2016

Look also Cebu, Durano clan and practical politics Updated 02/24/2013

Waray Dynasty: How Veloso-Loreto-Cari-Petilla ruled Leyte for nearly 100 years
The clan started its dynasty in the American colonial period.
Their clan is roughly approaching a century in power with only a few interruptions, one being World War II.
This enduring dynasty firmly holds the provincial capitol, the fifth legislative district, their hometown bailiwick Baybay City, the populous town of Palo.
This is one helluva dynasty that should be studied by academics, lawmakers and pollsters who are pushing for an enabling law against dynasties in the Philippines.

Look also

In Leyte: 'Walk for change' vs 'Walk for progress'
A younger mayoralty bet is challenging the almost 4-decade rule of the Loreto-Cari clan in this city in western Leyte.


the Video Investigative Documentaries Petilla-Loreto-Cari Clan (Leyte Political Dynasty)


Videos about Political Dynasties in PH:

Top 10 Political Dynasties 2016
May 13, 2016
Dynasties in Democracies: The Political Side of Inequality
"Political Dynasty" a documentary
Oct 8, 2013, UDM-BS-ECO
Philippine Politics: A family corporation antic?
Prominent names from similar families have been atop of Philippine politics. How can we be assured that the government will remain for Filipino people and will not be controlled by dynasty?
With Former Senator Aquilino Pimentel and Congressman Edgar Erice.
Jun 10, 2014
Political Dynasties in the Philippines
Tapatan sa Aristocrat
February 17, 2014
HERITAGE, A Documentary about political dynasty
Oct 8, 2013, UDM ECO-32
''It Runs in the Family'' Political Dynasty in the Philippines Documentary
Oct 7, 2013 by/Eunice Ambos
Political dynasties in the Philippines
The Constitution disallows existence of so-called political dynasties but for decades, clans have remained in control of politics both in local and national levels. May 13, 2013
Political Dynasties in PH
a Solar Daybreak special by Camille Elemia. Oct 1, 2012

Poll: 34% Filipinos to vote for bets from political families
Feb 22, 2016 By Ruth Abbey Gita, Keith A. Calayag

Look also

Blood is thicker than water: Political clans retain hold on Iloilo
by/Anthony Badoy Mondragon May 28, 2016
Familiar names like Garin, Tupas, Defensor, Biron, and Gorriceta have retained their solid hold on the province’s 5 districts



Philippines’ president warns against return of Marcos dynasty 30 years after 'People Power’ uprising
by/Philip Sherwell, Asia Editor 25 Feb 2016

aboutphilippines.ph recommend this article about the Marcos dynasty from then to 2016

Look it as pdf HERE - Look also

Robredo to Bongbong Marcos: 'Facts don't lie'
by/ Bea Orante Feb 25, 2016


Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.

the video: Aquino hammers Bongbong on People Power anniversary

Remark this is an album in the album "EDSA People Power Revolution" in the album "Philippine History"

Recovering Marcos’ ill-gotten wealth: After 30 years, what?
by/ Philip M. Lustre Jr. Feb 25, 2016

The irony – or tragedy – is that despite overwhelming evidence against them, not one of the Marcoses and their cronies had spent a day in prison for plundering the nation

Look also

Search for Marcos' wealth: Compromising with cronies
by/ Philip M. Lustre Jr. Feb 25, 2016
What the entire world knows after 30 years is a mere fraction, and not the entirety, of the Marcos loot

Building a foundation of dissent vs Marcos dynasty
by Miguel Syjuco June 27, 2016
This is a call for all Filipinos to use stones not as weapons but to build a foundation of dissent against those who long denied our country democracy, equality, safety, and truth.


Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.

and above HERE

TIMELINE: How the Marcoses made their political comeback
February 25, 2017
After being forced into exile following the 1986 EDSA Revolution, the Marcoses slowly return to politics, with members of the late dictator's family now holding government positions.
It was February 25, 1986. The dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos was about to reach its end: the military had turned against him, he was facing scores of human rights and corruption accusations, and thousands gathered on the streets in what would be known worldwide as the People Power Revolution.

aboutphilippines.ph says: We are angry

Supreme Court justice's family building a political dynasty?
Feb 27, 2016

Associate Justice Presbitero Velasco's wife, son, and daughter are running in 2016 races

Political parties - Organizations - Etc.

Remark many of the videos in this section are albums in the album "Political Party Lists" in the album "Political system, etc."

go to overview

Leni leads PH pro-democracy movement
by Philip M. Lustre Jr. December 06, 2016
Her biggest challenge lies in leading the entire pro-democracy movement to reclaim the nation’s democratic ideals that are being eroded slowly by the administration’s authoritarian tendencies.
New 'party' Kilusang Pagbabago formed to protect Duterte
by Carmela Fonbuena December 05, 2016

(UPDATED) Cabinet Secretary Jun Evasco is gathering President Rodrigo Duterte's supporters nationwide to form a mass movement that could potentially become a new political party.

Ballot to include 185 party-list groups – for now
December 05, 2015

The ballot for the 2016 elections will include at least 185 party-list groups – for now.

Should the party-list system go?
by Marjohara Tucay August 08, 2016
'Seats in the House of Representatives may be taken away by law, but a genuine organization with a real constituency and real advocacies cannot be melted by the mere stroke of a pen'

Look also

Duterte: New Constitution should abolish partylists
by Pia Ranada July 29, 2016
President Duterte insists the partylist is being abused by wealthy Filipinos who create them just to get seats in Congress


is a network of progressive, reform-minded youth groups and organizations working toward voters’ education and empowerment. It is an alliance pushing for a 2013 issue-based elections, using the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) as a framework, a baseline measure of human development. It is also a call-to-action for Filipino youth to become engaged and involved in nation building. Look also HERE

List of political parties in the Philippines. Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and are plentiful in number.

The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. There are two types of parties in the Philippines and these are: major parties, who correspond typically to traditional political parties, and minor parties or party-list organizations, who rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats.

Politics of the Philippines

The politics of the Philippines takes place in an organized framework of a presidential, representative, and democratic republic whereby the president is both the head of state and the head of government within a pluriform multi-party system.

The Position of the Catholic Church in Political and Social Relations of the Philippines
by Cheryl Burkhardt

Despite the claim of the government that there exists separation between church and state, the Catholic Church still holds influence in political action that has significant consequences for much of the population.

Look also Religion, Culture and Politics in the Philippines

by/Paul-François Tremlett

The Church's Role in Peacebuilding in the Philippines

Catholic churches in Mindanao are working actively to transform conflict and build peace. Churches are promoting interreligious dialogue, implementing peace education programs, assisting conflict victims, declaring peace zones, and contributing to peace advocacy with the government and other civil society groups.

Look also The Role of the Church in the Philippines’ Nonviolent People Power Revolution by/Jeff Boyd, June 29, 2010

Contemporary Philippine Political Culture The Public and the Private in Contemporary Philippine Society

by/Alejo José G. Sison

This is a paper on "Contemporary Philippine Political Culture"; more concretely, on what such culture considers as "public" and "private" as reflected in its treatment of the issue of "political dynasties".

Political Parties and Ideological Mainstreams

By Ronald Meinardus

Look also Reforming the Philippine Political Party System
ideas and initiatives, debates and dynamics

Turn Parliamentary? Should the Philippines Turn Parliamentary?
By Rep. Florencio B. Abad

Look also Party and Party System Institutionalization in the Philippines By Allen Hicken

Liberalism in the Philippines
represents the marginalized sectors of the Phil society - soldiers, policemen, teachers, market vendors, mine workers, employees&workers.

Look also the article

Party-list group asks SC to order probe into vote count discrepancy
December 15, 2016
Consla says PPCRV counted at least 523,753 votes, but Comelec's canvassing results showed 213,814 votes for Consla. The poll body has refused to investigate.

The Change Politics Movement (CPM)

is a citizens’ movement which seeks to organize a reform constituency which is determined to assert power to choose national and local leaders in order to have a significant impact in Philippine elections.

Look also HERE and HERE

Peasant Movement of the Philippines - KMP

KMP is a democratic and militant movement of landless peasants, small farmers, farm workers, rural youth and peasant women. It unites with all oppressed and exploited classes and fights for the interests and aspirations of the entire Filipino people. KMP continues to consolidate and defend its gains and victories while advancing the peasant struggle against class exploitation and national oppression.

Look also HERE and the article HERE

Lakas-Kampi-Christian Muslim Democrats
Lakas-Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino-Demokratikong Kristiyano at Muslim
Lakas Kampi CMD
Nationalist People's Coalition
Koalisyong Makabayang Bayan
Liberal Party
Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas
Partido Liberal Muntinlupa

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Redefining the Liberal Party’s role
by Senator Francis N. Pangilinan January 20, 2017
Toward a clear path to the future, the party and its leadership need to look back to its past.

The Liberal Party and realpolitik in the House
by Mara Cepeda January 14, 2017
Deputy Speaker Miro Quimbo explains what it's like being member of the Liberal Party under a Duterte-controlled House of Representatives. After elections, from close to a hundred, members were reduced to 32..
The Liberal Party (LP) enjoyed 6 years of power in Congress when Benigno Aquino III was still president.
But many of its members jumped ship to President Rodrigo Duterte’s Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban) after he won the 2016 polls.
Senators to LP: Decide now if you will stick with the majority
by Camille Elemia January 18, 2017
'To me, mas klaro iyon dahil... ang lumalabas tayo ang masama, dahil nakakapagsagwan sila sa dalawang ilog,' says Senator Richard Gordon of the Liberal Party senators.
The Liberal Party (LP) should all stop "paddling between 2 rivers" and decide whether they would still be a part of the majority bloc in the Senate.
Nacionalista Party
Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas

is the oldest political party in the Philippines today and was responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907.
The Nacionalista Party, historically, belonged to the conservative wing of Philippine politics, while its main opponent, the Liberal Party and its junior coalition partners all belong to the liberal wing.

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The Filipino Progressive Movement (FPM) is one of the largest and oldest political parties in the Philippines.

The FPM welcomes anyone into their party, with the exception of persona non grata to the Philippines
Labor Party
New Patriotic Alliance
New Society Movement

The party still enjoys great support in President Marcos' home province of Ilocos Norte, but retains little outside of it.

look also HERE

Gabriela Women's Party

Gabriela Women’s Party is a sectoral party dedicated to promoting the rights and welfare of marginalized and under-represented Filipino women through participation in the country’s electoral system and organs of governance.

It is a sectoral party composed of women 18 years and above, having varied occupations, education, interests, ethnic origin, religious affiliation, and sexual orientation.

Gabriela Women’s Party seeks to harness the potential, initiative, skills, and leadership of marginalized women towards empowerment, justice, and equality.


the General Assembly Binding Women for Reforms, Integrity, Equality, Leadership, and Action, is an organization of Filipino women that advocates women's issues.

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Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power

Force of the Filipino Masses
Trade Union Congress Party

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Genuine Opposition

It was originally called the - United Opposition (UNO)

look also HERE

Struggle of Democratic Filipinos Struggle/Fight of Democratic Filipinos

look also HERE

People's Reform Party People's Reform Party
Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines


look also HERE

Green Party of the Philippines
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party

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Bayan Muna Partylist

AAD (Ang Ating Damayan) Citizens & Family Alliance

Look the full description of the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "Political Party Lists" in the album "Organizations working in the Philippines"

ALAGAD Party-List

Look also HERE and HERE

BABAE KA Partylist
BABAE KA has no political agenda or ideology
except to advance the rights and welfare of women and the Filipinos, as a whole.
BABAE KA views itself as a centrist organization and not a leftist or rightist coalition.
Look also HERE

The world’s first and only political party for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) Filipinos.

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE and the Videos

Citizen's Battle Against Corruption (CIBAC)
Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF)

is a political organization whose aim is secession from the Philippines and the establishment of an Islamic state covering Sulu, Mindanao and Palawan. It in 1993 it was accredited by the Organization of the Islamic Conference, which allows it to represent Moro people with an observer status.

Currently, the group is the ruling party of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

MNLF is in many international lists of Terrorism.

Look also HERE



United Bangsamoro Justice Party (UBJP)

DAVAO CITY, Philippines - The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) is ready for mainstream politics through its newly formed United Bangsamoro Justice Party (UBJP).

MILF vice chair for political affairs Ghadzali Jaafar said Wednesday, April 9, that they finalized plans to form the party last year, following various meetings with local leaders and the MILF's central committee, the policy-making body of the organization

Look the article HERE - 09 APR 2014


The Democratic Socialist Women of the Philippines - DSWP
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God Bless you & Many regards
The "Balikbayan family-union - AboutPhilippines" far away from the beloved Philippines

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