Heritage and History
Full of Memories, Dreams & Informations

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"Never forget the roots of your family"

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Try to imagine, that your grandchildren can´t speak with you in your language......

Learn your family the language of the roots, so your family - children can speak their language from childhood!

Learn your family the culture of the roots, so your family understand and respect the roots e.g. Mano Po!
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Heritage - general - authorities - etc. and Historical places - etc.

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections

Historical Churches

Heritage of Fortifications

Film art Heritage

Ancient Goldworking & Treasures

Cebu Heritage - NOT to find in other sections - e.g. many photos

Why the PH is a safe haven for refugees

The history of the former "Philippine Refugee Centers" and "The Boat People" in the Philippines - Etc.

P.F.A.C. - the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan

History of the Philippines e.g.:

The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolutions

Massacres - historical and 1968 - ???


Look also

The Philippine Flag - Evolution - Flag days, National Symbols - etc.

Political system, Government, etc.

Heritage of Transportation - etc.

Museums and Art galleries - Etc.

Death, the Dead, Wake, Funeral, Burial, Mourning, Rituals and Cemeteries - Etc. - Then & Now

Philippine Money - History and Museums

Architectural Heritage: Indigenous, Ancient, Colonial and Famous - etc.

Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc. and
Burying Marcos in Libingan ng mga Bayani - 'Heroes' Cemetery?

Landmarks, National parks and World Heritage etc.

It´s a good idea to look too.. many more subject

About & Disclaimer

Remark: Authorities etc. and Laws, Codes, Rules, etc. are the places to look more of these subjects.
Many files are pdf, PowerPoint or eBook marked with - -

If you miss a reader - viewer - or ???: Look HELP

In the left column

LEFT Click the blue link or logo and REMARK these can be "down in the row", if there are many extra blue link or logo in the row in the right column about the subject!
A "top" link Video(s) tells the video-logo(s) in that column "room" will open a main-album on Videostation

Look the video in the album - sub-album AND look the FULL descriptions of the video - photo links in the albums.

IMPORTANT look also HELP for the VideoStation!

In the right column

Description about what to look and maybe an extra blue link or logo about the subject.

The Territory, Administrative divisions, Regions, Provinces - some Cities - Cebu Province "Special"

all about:

Luzviminda - LuzViMinda
(look Photos in full size)

a portmanteau of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the names of the three major island groups.

Look also The Philippine Baseline Law and Know Your Boundaries

Investigate atrocities during PH-US War, WWII, Martial Law
by Mara Cepeda September 14, 2016
House Resolution 339 also seeks to commend President Rodrigo Duterte for saying that the Philippines would pursue an 'independent foreign policy'
Under House Resolution (HR) Number 339, Roque wants Duterte to form independent commissions composed of experts who would "investigate, write, and make public through academic publications and other venues" complete historical accounts of the following:
The Filipinos killed during the Philippine-American War from 1899 to 1902
The "horrific" system of sexual slavery imposed by the Japanese Imperial Army on Filipinos during World War II
Human rights violations committed during the regime of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos
Ombudsman hits revision of history amid Marcos burial protests
by Paterno Esmaquel II November 26, 2016
Ombudsman Conchita Carpio Morales also says, 'As it turns out nowadays, those who could not remember history have the tendency to write a new one'.
Morales did not directly mention the hero's burial for Marcos. She spoke, however, in the context of the late dictator still being "the subject of the most rabid of debates and divergent views in the country today," as his burial hogged the headlines in the past week.
"Remember, a Government always write the history, like they want the people have to look it"

Official Gazette under fire for Marcos photo caption
Updated September 12, 2016

The communication channel of the Philippine government is accused of rewriting history and downplaying the dark days of Martial Law under Ferdinand Marcos.

In just the span of a few hours on Sunday, September 11, the government's Official Gazette posted a photo of Ferdinand Marcos on Facebook, edited the photo's caption, deleted the photo altogether, and then reposted the photo with a shorter caption.

Look also

Former Marcos staff linked to Official Gazette gaffe
by Patty Pasion September 12, 2016
Marco Angelo Cabrera is called out online for 'conflict of interest.' PCO Assistant Secretary Ramon Cualoping III says Bongbong Marcos' former campaign staff fully disclosed this to his bosses.
A former campaign staff of Ferdinand Marcos Jr in the May elections drew flak from netizens after he was linked to the Official Gazette’s Facebook update that was widely perceived as being “pro-Marcos.”

Filipino netizens 'rewrite history'
by Raisa Serafica September 11, 2016
How would certain events be told if viewed through a distorted lens? Social media users give examples amid the outrage over the Official Gazette's Facebook post about Ferdinand Marcos.

and HERE

From an old poet to a young novelist (and back)
by Mila D. Aguilar January 02, 2017

A lesson in martial law and current history

Filipinos and the politics of acceptance
by Frankie Concepcion December 06, 2016
What I have learned from history is that often, Filipinos have been asked to accept the very tragedies which have defined us.

aboutphilippines.ph says: An article giving thoughts!

Duterte war on drugs 'martial law without declaration'
by Camille Elemia September 02, 2016

Senator Leila de Lima also believes a hero's burial for the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos is meant to make martial law acceptable to the public to usher in a new dictator

Look MUCH more HERE

Republic Act 10556 or “The Araw ng Pagbasa Act of 2013”.
The State recognizes and supports endeavors that promote reading and literacy, motivate awareness and uphold our Filipino heritage and culture, including educational activities.
November 27 of every year is hereby declared as “Araw ng Pagbasa”, which shall be a regular working holiday, to be celebrated in all elementary and secondary schools in the country. In the event that the holiday falls on a weekend, the holiday shall be observed on the Friday of that week.

Look also HERE

Heroism, Heritage, and Nationhood
Essays and Features from the Official Gazette is a compendium of long-form essays featured in the Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines and the Presidential Museum and Library websites.
This book is one of the special legacy publications of the the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office (PCDSPO), the office mandated to preserve and curate the institutional memory of the Office of the President.
Editorial: Families and heritage
May 22, 2016

May, declared as National Heritage Month, challenges Filipino families and communities to keep alive the valuable legacy of our ancestors, which shape our sense of who we are.

The Philippines: The Biblical land of Ophir?
Do you think Philippines is the Land of Ophir which can be found in the bible?
Ophir is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth. King Solomon is supposed to have received a cargo of gold, silver, sandalwood, precious stones, ivory, apes and peacocks from Ophir, every three years.

Look also HERE, HERE


the Video The Philippines: The Biblical land of Ophir?

Yamashita’s gold has been found and it's not what you think
by Piers Kelly August 07, 2016

What many people don’t realize is that Filipinos have been searching for mythical fortunes for quite some time – it’s just that each generation imagines the bounty in a different way

Obama signs law honoring Filipino WWII veterans
by Don Kevin Hapal December 16, 2016
The US is set to award the Congressional Gold Medal to 260,000 Filipino veterans as a 'fitting tribute' to their dedicated service during the last war.
Outgoing President Barack Obama signed into law on Thursday, December 15, the Filipino Veterans of World War II Congressional Gold Medal Act of 2015 which honors Filipinos who fought valiantly alongside US soldiers in the last war.

Heritage general - authorities - etc. and Historical places - etc.

go to overview

The National Historical Institute - NHI, as an arm in the culture and development agenda of the government
The ICOMOS National Committee Philippines

ICOMOS is the official international organization of heritage conservation

Look also the Video:

Augusto Villalon: A History of ICOMOS and ICOMOS Philippines
May 3, 2015

The Filipinas Heritage Library

You can view our wide range of reference materials on Philippine history, art, and culture

Pambansang Sinupan ng Pilipinas

NLP Building, T. M. Kalaw Street, Ermita, 1000 Manila

13 million Spanish documents

60 million cataloged public documents

Look RA 9470 - National Archives of the Philippines Act of 2007

and Discovering Philippines - Spanish Archives


They’re shredding documents at the Palace?
May 21, 2016 - Updated May 22, 2016
Malacañang staffers say they're 'frustrated' over verbal orders for them to shred and transfer certain government documents. Everything is verbal with the absence of written instructions on the shredding and transfer.
Is this even allowed? The national archives law (Republic Act 9470) prohibits government agencies from disposing of their records unless authorized, in writing, by the executive director of the National Archives of the Philippines.
Heritage Conservation Society Online database of built heritage resources in the Philippines

Many photos and informations of Heritage buildings & Landmarks

Look also the facebook HERE

Do you want to save a heritage house?
June 28, 2015
A non-profit organization called the Kapitbahayan sa Kalye Bautista atbp. Lugar, Inc. (KKB) has started a crowdfunding initiative to restore the historic Kasa Boix and transform it into a community center and creative space.
Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage in Philippine Society

by/Aurora Roxas-Lim


Philippine Cultural Heritage Tour

Cebu Southeastern Cultural Heritage Tour September 13, 2009


An Educational Tour: A Heritage Trail to Southwest Cebu

Remark these are albums in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

The Video- & Photostation with

Philippine Special Maps 

About e.g. 

Maps of Philippines - Historical from 1700 to 1965

Remark these are sub-albums in the album "Maps of Philippines" in the album "A paradise of 7107 islands"

The Journal of History

is the official publication of the Philippine National Historical Society (first named Philippine Historical Society), an organization of historians and practitioners of history

Many good articles for free download e.g.:

Land and Society in Early Colonial Philippines (Introduction of the Panel)
Bernardita Reyes Churchill
The Agturáy of the Ili: The Elite of Ilocos, 1574-1661
Digna Balangua Apilado
Southern Tagalog Society in a Time of Transition, 1571-1671
Maria Eloisa G. Parco de Castro
Disaster in Itî’s Land: The Tragic Social History of the Datû Class in Leyte (1521-1622)
Rolando O. Borrinaga
King Gaam, the Last Monarch of Agbonan (now San Isidro), Bohol, in the Early 19th Century
Emmanuel Luis A. Romanillos
Recreating Local History Through Vintage Photographs
Cenon-Roldan Agbayani, Jr.
The Visayas: Islands in the Seas, A Historical Perspective
Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope
Guerrilla War against the Japanese: Americans in the Visayas
Violeta S. Ignacio
Human Bibingka: Leyteños under Japanese Rule (1942-1944)
George Emmanuel R. Borrinaga
President Sergio Osmeña in Tacloban, Leyte, 1944–1945
Pablo U. Amascual, III
Anti-Filipinism in Late 19th Century Publications in Spain
Erlinda K. Alburo
The Mindanao I Never Saw: Glimpses of ‘Yutâ sa Saad’ from the
Collections of the Cebuano Studies Center, University of San Carlos
Nestor Roa Pacana
Building a Colonial Hill Station: The Genesis of Baguio
Maria Nela B. Florendo

Ibanag Heritage Foundation Inc. - IHFI


Religious and Beliefs

Programs, Projects and Activities

Baao - Camarines Sur

Historical and Cultural Society

The society has been established to promote research on the history and culture of the town of Baao, Camarines Sur, so as to preserve its rich historical and cultural heritage, and to cherish the memory and legacy of its illustrious people.

OceanHeritage.com.ph is formed to address the dire need to protect and conserve the marine environment of The Philippines - the seas are an essential part of our country´s history, and its ecosystem.
Philippine Heritage Watch Philippine Heritage Watch

Heritage mistakes and disasters so that the public may know

Cordillera Cultural Heritage

College Vice President, MPSPC
Council of Elders, Igorot Global Organization
Look it as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Cordillera Cultural Heritage"

Baguio: Landmarks & Scenic Attractions part 1

look part 2 HERE and the Video

Baguio City - Portrait Of A Hill Station

Remark this is an album in the album "Cordillera Cultural Heritage"


The Attul of Banghallan - Lagawe, Ifugao

Remark this is an album in the album "Cordillera Cultural Heritage"

The earliest dated terraces in Ifugao

The Home of the Early Terrace Builders in Ifugao

"The Early Terrace Builders became resilient with the demands of time... They have learned from the remnants of landslides and from every drop of soil that falls along the paddies of the fields"


‘Ang Misteryo ng Kamhantik,’ dokumentaryo ni Kara David (full episode)
Dec 8, 2016
Aired: February 18, 2013
Isa sa pinakamataas na bundok sa Bondoc Peninsula ay ang Mt. Kamhantik ng Mulanay, Quezon. Ang pangalan ng bundok na ‘Kamhantik’ ay mula sa salitang ‘kampo ng hantik,’ hango sa mga naglalakihang hamtik na matatagpuan sa lugar. Ngunit nitong mga nagdaang taon ay may nadiskubreng misteryo sa lugar na sumasalamin sa kasaysayan ng lugar.

Look also the articles:
Kamhantik Heritage and Ecological Park, Mulanay, Quezon
Century Old Sarcophagus

By Albert March 20, 2015

1,000-year-old village found in Philippines
The remains of a 1,000-year-old village have been discovered in the Philippines

Limestone tombs of Kamhantik

Railways, Waterways, Stone-ways

Railways, Waterways, Stone-ways

The concern for introducing improvements into urban life concentrates on infrastructures: the provision of a fresh-water supply, and the establishing of rail and tram lines.

many good details, maps and photos

The peopling of the Philippines The peopling of the Philippines

by/Gaillard & Mallari

Culture of Ancient Filipinos The Culture of Ancient Filipinos

The Philippines Before Spain

Look the article as pdf HERE

The ancient society The ancient in Philippine society


Philippine Historical Landmarks and Places
"Ifugao Law" Heritage: The Ifugao Law (1919) - culture - traditions with many good photos
Spanish Heritage in The Philippines

Many good informations and photos

The Fabulous Spanish Heritage of Tigbauan, Iloilo

Look the article HERE

Preserve our Heritage

Remark these are albums in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

The Journey - Cebu Legacy - How It Came to Be!

 These Videos contains the historical information of Cebu's favorite historical tourist spots. The purpose of having this project is to enable the foreign students experience socio-linguistic approach to learning and to promote Cebu as a tourist destination. This is a Communication Class Project in ESL (English as Second Language). Farrah Koreen Revilla, Production Executive. Written by : Joyce Cresencio, Directed, Hosted & Created by: Francisco B. Francisco. The creator of this video is a graduate of Mass Communication major in Broadcast Media in University of San Jose Recoletos, Cebu City.


Cebu prior to World War II

"Oh Cebu pagkatahum mo kaniadto"


Historical Photos from Cebu


Toledo City Heritage


Iloilo Heritage Sites

Iloilo: Promoting heritage through cultural identity

Iloilo is home to decades-old churches and Spanish-era houses, but a group of citizens passionate about heritage want to do more to promote the province’s cultural treasures.
To do that, heritage advocate Eugene Jamerlan says the campaign for cultural appreciation begins with instilling a sense of pride among locals. Uploaded on Nov 13, 2014


Why is Iloilo important in PH history?
For the second straight year, President Aquino chose to celebrate Independence day outside Metro Manila. This time, the chief executive opted to celebrate the 117th Philippine independence in Iloilo, a province that played a special role in the country's struggle for independence from Spanish rule. Jun 11, 2015

Look also Panubli-on: The Iloilo Heritage

Boljoon Heritage

Look also Our Town: Boljoon

The defenses of Ilocos Norte's Currimao
by Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero August 08, 2016

The small town of Currimao keeps remains of its past as a fortified Spanish-period commercial complex that might be hard to match elsewhere in the country: from watchtowers, an almacen, to coral rock.

Picturesque Old Philippines

Look also Old photos from Philippines

Buhay Pinoy Noon Collection of old pictures from black and white or color prints
Baliktanaw Baliktanaw - Filipino Past in Pictures

“BALAYAN", the name of an old town and of vast province Batangas in 1581, which has been figured out here as the center of the ancient country Mai-I

Look the article as pdf HERE


Artifacts, etc. that shed light into history and ancient customs
Philippine Artifacts Uploaded on Dec 26, 2011

Mga Yaman ng Guyangan Mar 18, 2014

Artifacts from ancient shipwreck Jul 21, 2015

Artifacts discovery might lead to lost tribe

Experts at the National Museum in the capital Manila are studying the burial urns from a tribe that lived in the Philippines over 2,000 years ago, in what could be a major archaeological discovery.

"The pottery has human faces that show emotions," Eusebio Dizon, head of the archaeological unit at the National Museum

Polished Stone Adzes from Ille Cave at El Nido, Palawan Island

by/Alfred F. Pawlik, University of the Philippines, ASP

Tabon Man

the oldest known fossil age of about 47,000 years remains of Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia — a portion of a human tibia — is from the Tabon Cave near Quezon, Palawan

The Tabon Man refers to a particular set of human remains, specifically of the species Homo sapiens - the “intelligent” or “modern” man – believed to be the first man in the Philippines.

Look also HERE


Angono Petroglyphs

2010 Documentary

Taklobo Productions, Taklobo, Inc.

Producer: Jaime Enage
Host: Dr. Bonifacio Comandante, Jr. PhD
Director: John NL Leyson (www.liquidandliquid.com)
Cameraman: Manong Joseph Villamiel

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."

Look also the articles" The Angono Petroglyphs is the oldest known work of art in the Philippines"

"Petroglyphs and Petrographs of the Philippines"

Look much more HERE, HERE and HERE

The Code of Kalantiaw

LAPU LAPU - datu of Mactan

Documentary by Jay Taruc, I Witness Aired on 11 Jun 2012 GMA-7

For the first time in Philippine television, I-Witness will trace his roots. Documentarist Jay Taruc travels from Manila to Cebu in search of Lapu Lapu's identity, his culture, and his legacy that will put him in his rightful place in the annals of our Philippine history.

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Philippine History"

Look also the article HERE

Famous Historic Shrines And Monuments in The Philippines


A Sojourn in Culture, History, Heritage etc. - Apr 15, 2015

Remark this is an album in the album "Calabarzon" in the album "Great places to visit"

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

go to overview

of the Republic of the Philippines

An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

For the past four years, the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic PlanningOffice (PCDSPO) has, as part of its mandate, led the preservation and curatorship of the institutional memory of the Philippine presidency; it has also stood at the forefront of sustaining interest and curiosity about the story of the Filipino people. The PCDSPO has achieved all this in so short a time by taking advantage of and continually improving upon the marriage of new technologies and standby resources-historical papers, photo collections, monographs and articles and textbooks.

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections

go to overview

The Philippine Electoral Almanac
This book traces the history of Philippine elections. Leading up to the present day, it explores the intricate relationship, in a democracy, between the President and Congress; analyzes the partnerships established between political parties and personalities; fleshes out the history of political coalitions; and details every Philippine national referendum held to date.

Look also HERE

Historical Churches and Cemeteries etc.

go to overview

Look the MANY historical churches

Look also

Heritage about Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning, Cemeteries, etc.

Rebuilding quake-hit churches
October 16, 2016 By Justin K. Vestil
Repairs on most of the old churches in Cebu that were hit by an earthquake three years ago are done. In Bohol, work on 21 out of 25 churches is nearly complete.
Among the fully restored structures is Basilica Minore del Sto. Niño, which lost a large part of its belfry during the quake.
Three of the remaining four are considered national heritage churches.
These are the St. Peter the Apostle Church in Loboc, the Parroquia de la Santa Cruz in Maribojoc and the Nuestra Señora de la Luz in Loon.

Exploring the relics at Quiapo’s Ocampo Compound
by/Alecs Ongcal January 09, 2016

FORGOTTEN ICONS. Don Peping's treasures are abandoned at the Ocampo Compound.
The Black Nazarene isn't the only icon in Quiapo – the Ocampo Compound is a treasure trove of relics, myths, and legends

Heritage of Fortifications

Look also above HERE

go to overview

Spanish Colonial Fortifications of the Philippines

Look also HERE

Heritage Conservation Society Many photos and informations of ‘Fortifications’
Fort Santiago, Manila

Fort Santiago has a savage history. Read the whole article HERE

Look also HERE and a lot of photo of Fort Santiago HERE and the Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"


La Muralla de Manila - Spanish Colonial Era

The walls of Manila were built in the early 16th century and rebuilt over three centuries. It delimited the shape of the city, wider on the South and shortened on the North, where the fort of Santiago and the Pasig River were. It remained intact during several assaults from the English and Chinese pirates, but it was parcially destroyed during the shellings of World War II, leaving an empty shell until the mid sixties. Nowadays there're still remains left from which was the magnificent wall from the Pearl of the Orient.

Remark this is an album in the album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"


Fort General Martinez and Casa Real arch and ruins

The Fortress and Church of Miagao

Santo Tomas de Villanueva Church

Look the article HERE - Look also the Video

The Fortress and Church of Miagao

Miagao Church by Ed Antonio

One of the four barouque churches in the Philippines is the Miagao Church or the Church of Santo Tomas de Villanueva declared as one of UNESCOs World Heritage Sites. It has an amazing structure that stood the test of time. Built in 1787 and later damaged by fire and earthquake and restored in the 1960s

Remark this is an album in the album "Historical Churches"

Zamboanga City's Fort Pilar

Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zaragosa

a 17th century military defence fortress built by the Spanish colonial government in Zamboanga City

1635 - 2006

371 years of history and transformation.

Remark 3 pages with photos

Look also HERE, HERE and the Videos

Remark this is an album in the album "Zamboanga City & Peninsula - A Living Heritage" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"



Look the article as pdf HERE


Cebu fortresses and watch towers during the Spanish regime

Let us trace our history through the fortresses and watch towers that were built throughout the whole province of Cebu in defense against the pirates who tried to kidnap Cebuanos during the Spanish regime. This episode traces where these fortresses and watch towers are and see their current situation. Host: Archaeologist and Professor Jojo Bersales.

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Baluarte, Lantawan or watchtower - made up of coral stones and built along the coastline of Oslob, Cebu.

Constructed in 1788, by Father Bermejo served as a lookout stations in detecting the coming of Moro pirate ships which helped Father Bermejo fought and won many wars.

Look also HERE and

400-year-old watch tower Baluarte of Luna in Barangay Victoria destroyed
by/Jun Elias (The Philippine Star) - October 24, 2015

The history of Fort San Pedro in Cebu City

Look also A Romance with the Fort San Pedro and the Videos

Fort San Pedro in Cebu City

The smallest, oldest triangular bastion fort in the country was built in 1738 to repel Muslim raiders. Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi was incharge of construction.


Visit at Fort San Pedro in Cebu City (July 1993)

© Egon & Rowina (Bebeth) Roenning, Denmark


Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Fuerte de Santa Isabel, Taytay, Palawan

Look also HERE

Look the article included photo as pdf HERE

Cuyo Fort, Cuyo, Palawan

Cuyo was strategically located between the islands of Panay and the Palawan main land. The island served as a stepping stone that linked Palawan with the Visayas and Luzon. Cuyo’s strategic position within a transportation and trade route made it imperative that it be fortified.

Look the article HERE

Defence and fortification

The Philippines were considered to be a key part of the defence system of the Spanish Crown in the New World.

Corregidor - Then and Now





Cavite province fortifications

Fort Drum
(El Fraile Island), also known as the “concrete battleship” is a heavily fortified island fortress situated at the mouth of Manila Bay

Fort Drum History Including History of 59th CA

Look also the articles HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE

AND the Videos

e.g. The Fort Drum expedition, etc.
Aug 11, 2016
Halina’t lapitan ang kasaysayang naiwan ng konkretong depensang pangdagat na El Fraile. Pasukin at alamin ang nakaraan nito sa tulong ng isang eksperto sa kasaysayan ng Pilipinas.

El Fraile - Surrender at Fort Drum. Documentary by Kara David Jun 17, 2013

Remark this is an album "El Fraile Island" in the album "Cavite province" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"
Corregidor Island e.g.:

Regent Seven Seas cruise director and adventurer Jamie Logan travels to this small but heavily fortified island which was the site of one of the great battles during WWII. Here American and Filipino forces held off the Imperial Japanese Navy which delayed their advance and saved Australia from invasion. See the incredible remains of this battle torn island!

Corregidor Island incl. a walkthrough of Malinta tunnel

and 1 video, Corregidor Island Historical Treasures with sign language (FSL, Filipino Sign Language ??)

Remark this is an album "Corregidor" in the album "Cavite province" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"

Look also

Corregidor Island, map - December 1941 and
Malinta Tunnel

look much more about Heritage of Corregidor HERE



Dipnaysupuan Japanese Tunnel mostly known as Batanes Tunnel

Little is known about the Batanes tunnels dug by Ivatan children during World War II. Jay Taruc meets Lolo Daniel and Lolo Luis, two surviving tunnel diggers who recounted their experiences during the Japanese occupation in Batan Island. It’s a 5-door World War II tunnel which was built by the Japanese to provide shelter for their soldiers. It is located in the mountain of Tukon. Apr 22, 2014

Remark this is an album in the album "Batanes" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"

Look also about Province of Batanes HERE and HERE

The Bonifacio War Tunnel
February 3, 2014 by Defense News Daily PH

The 1910 Fort Bonifacio War Memorial Tunnel is a tunnel in Bonifacio Global City, a district of Metro Manila. It is considered to be a historical site by the Bases Conversion Development Authority. It is situated at the property of former military base Fort Bonifacio and now called Bonifacio Global City. It has since become hidden underneath the streets that traverse C-5 and Kalayaan Avenue.

Look also HERE AND the Videos - Remark this is an album in the album "Metro Manila Tourist Attractions" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"


Japanese war tunnel in Ilagan, Isabela

Ilagan City has opened its latest tourist destination to the public which lets visitors travel back to the Japanese period. Feb 17, 2016

Remark this is an album in the album "Isabela: Queen Province of the Philippines" in the album "Great Places to Visit"


Mount Isarog - a potentially active stratovolcano
'Yaman ng Isarog,' a documentary by Kara David (with subtitles)
Nov 9, 2016 - Aired: October 10, 2015
This video entitled ‘Yaman ng Isarog’ features ‘the role of Mt. Isarog during the Japanese Occupation in the Philippines.’

Remark this is an album in the album "Volcanoes and WARNINGS about erupts"

Look also HERE


Who was the true hero behind the salvation of Vigan from reduced to ashes, WWII?
"Pag-ibig sa Panahon ng Digmaan"
dokumentaryo ni Sandra Aguinaldo
May 4, 2016 with English subtitles

Noong panahon ng digmaan, pag-ibig ang itinuturong dahilan ng pagkakaligtas ng Vigan mula sa matinding pagkawasak."

Look also HERE

Culion’s remodelled fortress - church

Look also Culion Fort - Culion, Palawan

The Citadel of Oslob

Film art Heritage

go to overview

Ang Pambansang Museo ng Pelikula - PMP

At long last, a home for movie memorabilia

The Pambansang Museo Ng Pelikula - is the Philippines' one-of-a-kind museum that puts on display a wide array of film and film-related artifacts. Educational and entertaining, the Museum is set up for the enrichment and cultural appreciation of students, teachers, and the general public of the country's moving image heritage.

Look the article as pdf 

Look also HERE and the Videos

Remark this is an album in the album "Museums, Treasure of Ancestors, Art galleries - Etc."

LVN Pictures Inc. LVN Pictures Inc.

one of the biggest film studios in the history of Philippine cinema and its foremost establishment in motion picture post-production until 2005. In its heyday of motion picture production, LVN Pictures has been compared to that of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios (MGM) of Hollywood because it had, under contract, the biggest stars and film craftsmen of the period.

LVN Pictures Inc. Museum Film History Comes to Life at LVN Museum

LVN studios on P. Tuazon blvd. in Quezon City

Sampaguita Pictures Sampaguita Pictures

was a Philippine film production company. It was named for the Philippine National Flower, Sampaguita. The company has been long-defunct since the 1980s with Mike de Leon's classic Batch '81 being the last film released.


Remark these are albums in the album "Philippine Cultural Attire Heritage"

1905 Luzon Lingerie


Produced in 1905, "Luzon Lingerie" goes on record as the first ever movie made in the Philippines. It's a documentary on the needlework skills of our beautiful great-great-grandparents.


Delicate garments made from pineapple fiber - Piña - 1918 - 1920 Luzon Lingerie - Silent film

Delicate garments made from pineapple fiber (Piña) are still made in the same old "handmade" way. The embroidery skill is passed on through generations of women. This movie is part of the collection: Prelinger Archives. Production Co: Burton Holmes Travel Pictures

Look the full description of the video HERE


Zamboanga 1936 - LOOK the film which tells the story of the past

Look more and full description of and about the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the sub-album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."


Badjao 1957

A story about the Badjaos and the Tausogs, rival Muslim tribes for centuries. It won the award for best direction (Lamberto V. Avellana, National Artist for Theater and Film in 1976), best story (Rolf Bayer), best editing (Gregorio Carballo), and best cinematography (Mike Accion) at the 1957 Southeast Asia Film Festival held in Tokyo.

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."


Ethnic groups - Brides of Sulu - “providing a rare glimpse into a lost culture."

A flick's production history is clothed in mystery. James J. Gilbert narrates the story, which is introduced in a foreword as a "simple love story based upon fact and the rites, rituals and ceremonies portraying the hatred of the Mohammedan Moro for the Unbeliever is not fiction. As an authentic document of Moro life, this production is designed to instruct as well as entertain." Look more on the video and the full description about the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."

Ancient Goldworking & Treasures

Look also about "the great Sri Vishaya" below HERE and the article "The 'golden' age of the Philippines, rediscovered"
by/Rome Jorge September 05, 2015

go to overview

Anthropological reflection on Philippine masks

Visayan burial masks

Gold death mask found in Plaza Independencia
he Heritage of Cebu

Bisayans who could afford would cover their deads eyes, nose and mouth with gold so that they would be welcomed well in the next world.

Look also HERE and also the history of the use of "Gold death mask" HERE

Look also the below video and more about Burial - Funeral Now & Then



Was gold really present in Cebu during the Pre-Spanish Era? Together let us answer this question through this episode of Kabilin entitled BULAWANONG SUGBO.

Remark 3 video in the album



In 1981, Berto Morales, a farmer employed as a bulldozer operator in an irrigation project in Surigao struck gold. He discovered a treasure trove of gold ornaments while bringing down a hill to collect filling materials. The discovery, hitherto unknown to the public, is among the largest collection of Philippine archaeological gold in the country as well as in the rest of the world.

Look the full description of the videos HERE


Ancient Visayan Goldworking

The many different kinds of large and small beads, all of what they call filigree work here.. is clear evidence that they did careful, delicate and beautiful work even better in their antiquity than now since all the ancient gold work is of higher gold content and craftsmanship than what is being made now... [like the kamagi], a piece of jewelry of greater value and curiosity than could be expected of a people apparently so crude and uncivilized (Alcina 1668a, 3:121). As Alcina said century later, "One who knows how to make them today is hard to find." Source: Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society by William Henry Scott



Philippine Treasures, a special documentary about some of the country's historical artifacts, most important relics from the Philippines' literally rich pre-colonial past and many others. The documentary is hosted by Ms. Mel Tiangco with reporting by Mariz Umali, Cesar Apolinario, Tina Panganiban-Perez, and John Consulta.


Forgotten Philippines: Gold of Ancestors part 1, 2 & 3 Gold found in the Sitio Magruyong site sheds a light on the important relationship between Southeast Asian Srivijayan empire and the Philippines

The Golden Tara of Agusan

is a 21-carat golden figurine of the Hindu-Buddhist goddess named "Tara" of the Mahayana branch of Buddhism. Sitting cross-legged, it measures over 5 inches tall, and weighs nearly 4 pounds. It has a richly-adorned headdress and many ornaments on its arms and other parts of its body. The religious statuette was stumbled on by a woman of the Manobo tribe, jutting out from the muddy banks of the Wawa River in Esperanza, Agusan del Sur, after a storm and flood during 1917.

The image corroborates a single cultural sphere that developed in the archipelagic regions of Southeast Asia during the height of trade between Butuan and the rest of the Sri Vijaya Empire.

(This link tells also about the below Laguna Copperplate)

Look more about the Golden Tara in the above videoalbum

Look also HERE and HERE

Laguna Copperplate

The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, short LCI, was discovered in 1989 by Alfredo E. Evangelista a sand laborer working on Lumbang River near the outlet to Laguna de Bay found a plate in Barangay Wawa, Lumban, in the Laguna province. The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (also shortened to LCI) is the earliest known written document found in the Philippines.

(look also the above link about "The golden Tara of Agusan", which also tells about Laguna Copperplate)

Look also HERE and HERE

Look the article from Facebook HERE

Look also the Video

Cebu Heritage - NOT to find in other sections - sites

look also:

Historical Photos from Cebu

go to overview

Cebuano cultural heritage
Cultural and Historical Affairs Commission, CHAC
CHAC is a catalyst for Cebuano cultural heritage providing the best opportunity in art, culture and history within the community, instilling pride and sense of identity and unity among cebuanos as well as among the Filipinos.
CHAC shall develop, implement and promote programs and projects that will inculcate the appreciation of cebuano heritage.

The Heritage of Cebu Monument

Sculpted in bronze and cement by National Artist for Sculpture, Eduardo Castrillo

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Woodcarvers, Sculptors etc. and their works"

Look also about Eduardo Castrillo HERE

The Archbishop´s Palace, Cebu
Cebu’s Pipe Organs Cebu’s Pipe Organs
Historical Markers Unveiled

Look the article HERE

A Vision for Vision Theater

Last Supper in Mandaue  and Luis Cabrera Ancestral House

An article about:

Ciscara’s Plan for the Cebu Cathedral
An Afterthought on the La Muerte
A Passion of Ivory Images


National Archives of the Philippines

Cebu from 1600 to 1898

We will trace the documents and papers about Cebu from 1600 to 1898 that are kept by the National Archives of the Philippines through this episode of Kabilin entitled NATIONAL ARCHIVES! Host: Archaeologist and Professor Jojo Bersales.

Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"


Cebu WW II

The Fall of Cebu

May 23, 2012


The Liberation Of Cebu

Uploaded on Feb 3, 2012

Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"


Here we have a tour of Cebu and some of the major atractions of Cebu City, Philippines, created by Jim Sibbick.

Historical Photos

go to overview

Look all 125 different photos as a slideshow, click the photo

Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Many of the photos are from Philippine History Buffs. All descriptions are from "uploaders"

There´s missing a description of many of the photos, so if you can help with one or more or a change to a wrong, we will be glad, please SEND a MESSAGE

Look also Heritage of Railway systems

go to overview

 History of the Philippines

Remark most of the videos in these sections are albums in "Filipinos & the Philippines, Provinces, Cities, Etc. during old times and then" or the sub-album "Philippine History"

IMPORTANT look also the sections - etc.

Martial Law and The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolutions and The writ of habeas corpus restored

EDSA People Power II, January 16 to 20, 2001

Massacres - historical and 1968 - ???

Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines

The Spanish Era

and Historical Laws

go to overview

The album with

Maps of Philippines, islands, Cities - Municipalities & Barangays - Etc.

e.g. Maps of Philippines - Historical from 1700 to 1965

Remark this is an album "Maps of Philippines" in the album "A paradise of 7107 islands"

David Rumsey Map Collection

Slowly to load, but...

So many good old historical maps etc. of Philippines

Special - Issue: Culture - Customs - Traditions e.g.

The Philippines Then and Now

History of the Philippines

Look also

Timeline of History of the Philippines

History of the Philippines (Before 1521)

Philippine Progress Prior to 1898

By Austin Craig and Conrado Benitez

A Source Book of Philippine History
To Supply a Fairer View of Filipino Participation and Supplement the Defective Spanish Accounts

A History of the Philippines, David P. Barrows

One of the best full articles from ancient time to 1905 with many old maps, illustrations and photos

Look the article as pdf HERE

The What, How and Why of Philippine History

Look as pdf HERE

Society of Saint Pius X - District of Asia SSPX

A short Philippine History before the 1898 Revolution

Look the History article HERE

1493-1898 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 1493-1898
"A glimpse through history"

Ancient and pre-Spanish Era
Pre-Spanish influence, modern day
Magellan and the Spanish influence
Americas first entanglement
The Japanese and WWII years
Americas final rule
Early Independence Period
The Marcos Era
The Aquino Years and Beyond

Look also "100 significant events in Philippine history"

The First “Filipinos”


a Filipino term meaning “nobility” or “aristocracy”. Its etymology is rooted from the Sanskrit maharddhika which means “a man of wealth, knowledge, and ability”. During ancient times in the Philippines, the word maharlika referred to the nobility class in Philippine society who are also known to be warriors.

Early filipino in the pre-hispanic period

Filipino beliefs and practices before the arrival of the Spaniards.

Or look as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Philippine History"

Philippine History, Pre-Colonial Period

Economic Life

Or look as pdf HERE or  as Video

The British Conquest of Manila
On October 6, 1762, the city of Manila was conquered by the British, starting a two year period of British rule. At around 4:00 a.m., under the cover of artillery fire, Colonel William Draper and his men entered Manila. This was the first time the Spaniards had been ousted from their Asian colony by a foreign power.
The conflict between the European powers during the period of 1756–1763 spilled over to their colonies in Asia. One of the outcomes was a two-year period of British control over the Philippine Islands.

Look in full size the map "The Attack of Manila, october 1792" and the poster "British-occupation"

The Filipino Woman in Pre-Hispanic Times

Look also:

"La Mujer Indigena - The Native Woman - A description of the Filipino Woman during Pre-Spanish Time by Lorna S. Torralba Titgemeyer" HERE


Pre-Hispanic Marriage Customs HERE

The Basi Revolt

also known as the Ambaristo Revolt, broke out in Piddig, Ilocos Norte, arising from the Spanish rulers' banning of the private manufacture of the local wine called "basi".

As Ilocanos were forced to buy from government stores, wine-loving Ilocanos, led by Salarogo Ambaristo and Pedro Mateo, rose in revolt, which later spread to nearby towns.

Spanish troops eventually quelled the revolt on September 28, 1807.

Look also the article "Revisiting the Basi Revolt of 1807: Its Historical and Axiological Relevance
by/Jayson L. Antonio and Celerino F. Ancheta" and the video "Basi Festival (Piddig)" about the revolt.

Capital punishment in the Philippines

has a varied history and was suspended on June 24, 2006 - the second time since 1987.
Filipinos have mixed opinions about the death penalty, with many opposing it on religious and humanitarian grounds, while advocates see it as a way of deterring crimes.

Look MUCH more HERE

Philippine Revolution (English), read about it in Tagalog: Himagsikang Pilipino

Things to know about national heroes
August 29, 2016 By Daryl D. Anunciado

Look also the Video: Filipino Heroes

Jose Rizal - His life and His works

Look as pdf HERE

Look also Jose Rizal Shrine and Museum and Jose Rizal and His Lovers

and the Videos

Jose Rizal´s life, work, writing

Jose Rizal (full name: José Protacio Mercado Rizal Alonso y Realonda) (June 19, 1861 - December 30, 1896) He is considered a national hero and the anniversary of Rizal's death is commemorated as a Philippine holiday called Rizal Day.
Historical reactions to the publication of Rizal's two novels - Philippine - Spain 100 Years Ago
Love Story of Jose P Rizal - Girlfriends - Women in Rizal's Life
Rizal, The Mason
Oct 10, 2012 by/Honeylane Lim for education - Look also HERE and below HERE

Look more HERE and about Rizal Day

The Irish connection: Josephine Bracken and Jose Rizal
by Vising B. Kennedy, Roots & Wings November 03, 2016

Where and when did Josephine Bracken arrive from Ireland to the Philippines? How did fate bring them together?

The Execution of Dr. Jose Rizal
by/Riz del Rio Feb 22, 2012
A few minutes before seven on the morning of December 30, Dr. Jose Rizal walked from Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan Field (now the Luneta). His arms were tied behind his back. “His head was erect, his conscience was clear, and there was a smile on his lips.” Beside him walked Lt. Luis de Andrade, who had defended him in the trial, Fathers Vilaclara and March. Before and behind him were soldiers.
Look it as pdf HERE

look also Rizal's execution: Little known facts
By Raymund Catindig Updated December 29, 2010


Rizal's execution and the revolution
Dec 29, 2014 by/Malu Maniquis
The LOST FOOTAGE of Jose Rizal execution in 1896
Jul 3, 2013

Unsung female patriots during the Philippine revolution

Both Marcela Marcelo and Trinidad Tecson are unsung heroes of the Philippine revolution. Despite monuments built in their name, their contributions remain unknown to many. Nov 27, 2014

Republic of Biak-na-Bato

officially referred to in its constitution as the Republic of the Philippines, was the first republic ever declared in the Philippines by the revolutionary Emilio Aguinaldo and his fellow members of the Katipunan. Despite its successes, including the establishment of the Philippines' first ever constitution, the republic lasted just over a month.

The life and legacy of Apolinario Mabini

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 — May 13, 1903) was a Filipino revolutionary and lawyer who served as its first prime minister until May 1899. In Philippine history texts, he is often referred to as "the Sublime Paralytic", and as "the Brains of the Revolution."

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE and "Understanding Apolinario Mabini’s role in the Philippine Revolution" HERE


Life and Struggles of Andres Bonifacio

Look descriptions with English subtitles on the videos. All Jul 8 - Jul 28, 2016 by Malu Maniquis

Look also Bonifacio Day


1896 Mga Unang araw ng Rebolusyon
The Revolution was actually planned months earlier. However, Aguinaldo, et al were against it and wanted to consult first Dr. Rizal in Dapitan. The 2 months delay led to the uncovering of the secret society. 500 members of KKK, La Solidaridad and La Liga Filipina were arrested, includng brothers Antonio and Juan Luna. Before further arrests, Bonifacio and the Supreme Council decided to launch the revolution. Aug 24, 2015 by/Malu Maniquis

Ang Huling Heneral, Simeon Ola
Jan 6, 2017 with English subtitles

Hindi lang ang mabagsik na si Heneral Antonio Luna ang ayaw sumuko sa puwersang Amerikano isang siglo na ang nakalilipas. Sa Bicol, may isang heneral na hindi nagpadaig sa mga mananakop. Hindi siya sumuko sa kabila ng sunod-sunod na pagtiklop ng mga rebolusyonaryong Pilipino. Matagal siyang “wanted” ng mga Amerikano. Mahirap mahuli, madaling maglaho. Siya si Heneral Simeon Ola.


Emilio Aguinaldo in the Filipino-American War

A short documentary, a HIGH SCHOOL VIDEO PROJECT, not a nationally-shown documentary on Emilio Aguinaldo, a leader in the Philippines during the Filipino-American War, also known as the Filipino Insurrection.

Look also Aguinaldo Museum

Why Cavite officials swear before this cross
by Miriam Grace A. Go June 28, 2016

General Emilio Aguinaldo also took his oath of office as president of the revolutionary government on March 23, 1897 before the Santa Cruz de Malabon.
The room was in a convent in Tanza. The convent is now officially called the Panumpaang Bayan (Oath Taking Hall), and will soon officially become a shrine.

Imprinting Andres Bonifacio:

The Iconization from Portrait to Peso

The face of the Philippine revolution is evasive, just like the freedom that eluded the man known as its leader.


Martyrdom of Andres Bonifacio

On May 10, 1897, our revolutionary hero, Andres Bonifacio and his brother, Procopio, were unjustly and brutally killed by the Magdalo faction. May 10, 2013

How Andres and Procopio Bonifacio were executed

May 10 is a significant date in Philippine History. This was the day our greatest hero Andres Bonifacio was executed by traitors to the revolutionary movement. May 10, 2015

Both videos by/Malu Maniquis

The Katipunan and Masonry

Look also above Rizal, The Mason and HERE and the Video:

How FreeMasonry influenced the fight for Filipino Independence

PADUGO Padugo By/Veredigno Atienza

This article is about General Anacleto Enriquez, one of the founders of the Katipunan in Bulakan. He fought in the Philippine Revolution of 1896 against the Spanish colonial authorities. He and his men died in the bloodiest battle of the Philippine Revolution in the town of San Rafael, Bulacan. His life is a saga of exceptional courage and generosity.


Remark these are albums in the album "Religious beliefs - etc. outside the Roman Catholic Church"


The Revolutionary & Filipino Church 1 sub-album (part 1 - 9)


From the Municipality of Pilar, Bantayan Island to Metro Cebu, know more about Iglesia Filipina Independiente.


KKK Movement, Revolutionaries and Philippine Independent Church


Look more about Philippine Independent Church




by/W. Cameron Forbes 1928, The Philippine Islands

SPAIN is one of those countries in which the division between the Church and the State is not clearly defined, and in which the Church has much too generally dominated the State. In the Philippine Islands this was the case to a marked degree.


Spanish American War In the Philippines
Luzon At War

Introduction to Milagros C. Guerrero’s book, Luzon At War: Contradictions in Philippine Society, 1898-1902


Forgotten Filipinos - The Filipino genocide

Photos of the American conquest of the Philippines, an episode also referred to as the Filipino Genocide. Soundtrack: Campanades a morts, by Lluís Llach.

Look the full description of the video HERE
History of US in the PHIL

Excerpts from Part 5 of Buhay at Pakikibaka ni Andres Bonifacio docufilm of Komiteng Bonifacio. This is the reason why Bonifacio's dream of a truly free an sovereign nation must be fulfilled by the present generation. It is our task. Narrated by Carol Araullo and Vencer Crisostomo. Chris Pforr as Pres. McKinley and John Gianvito as Sen. George Hoar. Jun 2, 2015 by/Malu Maniquis

Look also the article:

by E. San Juan, Jr.
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Except during the sixties when the Filipino-American War of 1899-1902 was referred to as " the first Vietnam, " the death of 1.4 million Filipinos has been usually accounted for as either collateral damage or victims of insurrection against the imperial authority of the United States. The first Filipino scholar to make a thorough documentation of the carnage is the late Luzviminda Francisco in her contribution to The Philippines: The End of An Illusion (London, 1973).

The Balangiga massacre

as it is known in the Philippines, or the Balangiga affair, as it is known in the United States, was an incident in 1901 during the Philippine-American War where more than forty American soldiers were killed in a surprise guerrilla attack in the town of Balangiga on Samar island.

Philippine-American War, 1899-1902
by Arnaldo Dumindin
CASUALTIES, February 4, 1899 - July 4, 1902:
Filipinos : 20,000 soldiers killed in action; 200,000 civilians died
Americans : 4,390 dead (1,053 killed in action; 3,337 other deaths)

The War Rages: Creation of Macabebe Scouts, September - October 1899
by Arnaldo Dumindin
Look also HERE

Philippine Scouts
was a military organization of the United States Army from 1901 until the end of World War II. Made up of Filipino-Americans assigned to the United States Army Philippine Department, these troops were generally enlisted and under the command of White-American officers, however, a handful of Filipino Americans received commissions from the United States Military Academy. Philippine Scout units were given a suffix of (PS), to distinguish them from other U.S. Army units.

Look also
Philippine Scouts Heritage Society

Cultural Changes during the American Period

What we used to do
What we didn’t do before
The bad influences

or look it as Video


(1860-1946) Maker of the Filipino National Flag Enshrined in Philippine history as the maker of the Filipino flag

The Commonwealth of the Philippines

also known simply as the Commonwealth and as the Philippine Commonwealth, was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth with the United States

Sakdalista The Sakdalista

(coming from the Tagalog word sakdal, meaning "to accuse") movement was founded in 1930 by Franc Josef "Ace" Templo Bautista and a right wing leader, Benigno Ramos, a writer and discontented former government clerk. Sakdal began as a fortnightly populist tabloid, with articles tackling issues which were of interest to the Philippine masses: corruption and mismanagement under the American-sponsored Nacionalista administration, immediate independence for the Philippines, and the land reform problem. Its radical populist stance on such issues won it a large following in the Manila hinterland, such that by 1933, subscribers of the newspaper met in a convention in Manila to form the Sakdal Party. They did unexpectedly well in the Philippine election of 1934, although still unable to pose a challenge to Nacionalista dominance

Look also HERE

LOOK BACK: 75th anniversary of the Philippine Executive Commission - PEC
January 23, 2017
During the Japanese occupation, the Philippine Executive Commission was established, with Jorge Vargas as its first chairman.
The PEC formally abolished all political parties on December 8, 1942, by virtue of Proclamation No. 109 creating the "Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas" (Association for Service to the New Philippines) or better known then as the "KALIBAPI."

Look also HERE

The Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (lit. Association for Service to the New Philippines) or KALIBAPI, was a Filipino political party that served as the sole party of state during the Japanese occupation. It was intended to be a Filipino version of Japan's governing Taisei Yokusankai party.

This is the Philippines, about 1936 +

Shows scenes at Santo Tomas University, Filipino military cadets in training, the Supreme Court, President Manuel Quezon, children on church, Moro tribesmen on Mindanao, General Pershing and General MacArthur, etc. Nov 10, 2015 by GovPH


4 albums in the album "Historic speech circa 1920 & 4 July 1946 Proclamation of Independence"
MANUEL LUIS QUEZON - Speech broadcast to the Filipino People circa 1920


Look the full description of the video HERE

A Nation is Born The title says all - Jul 3, 2013 by GovPH
1946 Philippine Proclamation of Independence
1946 Ceremony Independence Day
Look also the article "Sovereignty of the Philippines" HERE

Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina

(August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines (as opposed to other historical states). Quezón is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901).

Quezón was the first Senate president elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election, and the first incumbent to secure re-election (for a partial second term, later extended, due to amendments to the 1935 Constitution). He is known as the "Father of the National Language".

Look also the Video

President Manuel L. Quezon - Pangulong Manuel L. Quezon

 Visit the Quezon Memorial Shrine and Museum online: www.gov.ph/quezonmemorial

The Third Republic of the Philippines
was inaugurated on July 4, 1946. It marked the culmination of the peaceful campaign for Philippine Independence - the two landmarks of which were the enactment of the Jones Law in 1916 (in which the U.S. Congress pledged independence for the Philippines once Filipinos have proven their capability for self-government) and the Philippine Independence Act of 1934 (popularly known as Tydings-McDuffie) which put in place a ten-year transition period during which the Philippines had Commonwealth status.

Look also HERE and the Videos One of the videos can be look as pdf HERE or as ppt HERE

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr.

(September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989)

was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat, who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He ruled as dictator under martial law from 1972 until 1981. While his regime started an unprecedented number of infrastructure projects and monuments (known colloquially as an "edifice complex" and at great taxpayer cost), it also became infamous for its corruption, extravagance and brutality.

Look MUCH more and many videos  here:

Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.


The Presidents of the Philippines - From Aguinaldo to Arroyo

Emilio Aguinaldo was president of the short-lived Malolos Republic between 1899 and 1901. Although the republic never received foreign recognition, Filipinos consider Aguinaldo to be their first president.

Look more about the videos HERE
Life under Marcos: A fact-check

Was the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos the Philippines' greatest president ever, as his supporters claim? Separating fact from fiction, here was life under the Marcos regime. Sep 21, 2014 by/ABS-CBN News

Remark this is an album in the album "Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc" in the album "Philippine History

Look MUCH more and many videos  here:

Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.
Look also below HERE and the article

List of Presidents

The Yin and Yang of Philippine Documentary Photography

by/Sonny Yabao and Alex Baluyut

From Cory to Noynoy: PMAers in the Cabinet

by/Michael Bueza - Feb 21, 2015

Look also about "Philippine Military Academy - PMA" HERE

Diokno's vision for PH as 'nation for our children' not yet realized
by Jodesz Gavilan February 27, 2017

The daughter of the late statesman Jose Diokno says her father would urge Filipinos to 'stand firm, find our voice, and not seal our eyes' against injustices in the country if he were still alive.

Look also the Video:
Remembering Ka Pepe Diokno on his 30th death anniversary
Published on Feb 27, 2017

Jovito Salonga (June 22, 1920 – March 10, 2016)
by/Michael Bueza Updated March 10, 2016

Get to know more about the former Senate president and one of the country's greatest statesmen

Look also the Videos and HERE, HERE and HERE

Remembering Raul Roco
by/Rappler.com October 26, 2014
Previously described as a 'warrior lawyer' who loves debate, Roco passses away on August 5, 2005 at the age of 63
"the best president we never had"
Some of Roco's best quotes are still relevant and useful in politics and governance. Joy Aceron of the Ateneo School of Government chose these memorable Roco quotes, look these and more about Raul S. Rocco in the article
Look also HERE, HERE and the Video

Videos about the Philippine history of 490 years and more:

Philippine History of 490 Years

The videos that provides a concise history of the Philippines broken down into seven (7) sets of seventy (70) years.


Philippines in 100 years

A short video presentation of the history of the Philippines


Islamic History of the Philippines


Zamboanga 1936 - LOOK the film which tells the story of the past

Look more and full description of and about the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the sub-album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."

This rare collection of historical images from the Philippines were taken in 1899.

Look also HERE


Remark these are albums in the album "The Philippines & filipinos, the old times"


Filipinas in the Spanish era
Oct 24, 2014 by/fonsucu


Philippines, the old times

Old places in the Philippines


Old Philippines 1900

Old Philippine Photos


Filipino during the old times

What have we become?


Nostalgic Old Philippines

Pictures from Old Philippines

Doubles-frame pictures are for the old fashoined Stereoscopy also called stereoscopic or 3-D imaging.


Philippines, Then and Now on High Definition Video Slide Presentation


Post-War Rehabilitation of the Philippines 1946
Jul 1, 2013
This video shows the post-war rehabilitation of the Philippines, which entailed close cooperation with the United States of America, and the active involvement of the Filipino public. Video courtesy of the President Manuel Roxas Foundation.


Philippines, Pearl of the Orient, 1948 & 1955


Nostalgia de Manila

years unknown


Manila antes y ahora, then and now
Published on Mar 4, 2017
Cambia Manila
Canción: Todo cambia, por Mercedes Sosa

Both by fonsucu


Remark these are albums in the album "Manila from 1800 to the 1970s"


Old Manila 1800-1960
Manila en los años veinte
May 21, 2016 by/fonsucu
Why Manila heritage sites are in danger

Many heritage sites in Manila are in danger. It appeared at the hearing of the Senate Committee on Education Arts and Culture on the issue still controversial about Torre de Manila.
Sep 25, 2014
Pre - World War II


Look also the maps Manila 1919 and Manila 1920
Battle of Manila - 2 sub-albums

The battle for the liberation of Manila waged from February 3 to March 3, 1945, between Philippine and American forces, and the Imperial Japanese forces is widely considered to be one of the greatest tragedies of the Second World War. One hundred thousand men, women, and children perished. Architectural heritage was reduced to rubble the City of Manila was the second most devastated Allied capital of World War II.
The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office and the Presidential Museum and Library would like to thank the following for their invaluable help and assistance in this project: Mr. Jose Custodio, Dr. Benito Legarda Jr., Dr. Ricardo T. Jose, Mr. Paulo Alcazaren, Mr. Robert Hudson, Ambassador Juan Jose Rocha, Mrs. Sylvia Lichauco de Leon, Mr. John Tewell, Mr. Lou Gopal, Mr. Manuel Angelo Carreon II, Ms. Lorelei Stewart Mayer, Mr. Jeric Chua, National Historical Commission of the Philippines, National Museum of the Philippines, Memorare Manila 1945 Foundation, Tiger Films Productions, Filipinas Heritage Library, Lopez Museum and Library, Ortigas Foundation Library, Heritage Conservation Society, and the Battle of Manila Online website. Feb 11, 2015.

Look more about the Battle of Manila HERE
Manila - 1960s

During President Diosdado Macapagal & Pres. Ferdinand Marcos' First Term Era
Manila in the 1970s

The Bataan Death March - Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan

was the forcible transfer from Saisaih Pt. and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war which began on April 9, 1942
The march went from Mariveles, Bataan, to San Fernando, Pampanga. From San Fernando, survivors were loaded to a box train and were brought to Camp O'Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.
The march was characterized by occasional severe physical abuse. It was later judged by an Allied military commission to be a Japanese war crime.

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE and

the Videos
About The Bataan Death March

Bataan Death March Survivor

Remark this is an album in the album "Bataan Death March & The battle of Luzon"

1942 - 1945

Tomorrow is the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. On September 2, 1945, with the formal surrender of the Japanese Empire, the Second World War officially ended.

In commemoration of this historical turning point, we have designed a special page containing links to a timeline, archival photos and videos, and a number of articles highlighting the extent of WW2 within our shores.
September 1, 2015

The Philippines campaign of 1944–45
Operation Musketeer I, II, and III, the Battle of the Philippines 1944–45, or the Liberation of the Philippines was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines, during World War II.

Look also the Video
Philippines Campaign, Battle for Luzon

Remark this is an album in the album "Bataan Death March & The battle of Luzon"


Veterans Federation of the Philippines brief history
Nov 16, 2014

Remark this is an album in the album "Constitution & Laws - Etc. of the Philippines"

Look also Filipino World War II Veterans and HERE


Fabian de la Rosa and His Time

Many historical sequences in the video from his time (May 5, 1869 - December 14, 1937)

14-minute video, produced by Filipiniana.net, in cooperation with the UP Vargas Museum

Remark this is an album in the album "Painters, Muralists, BodyPainters, Graffiti Artist and their works"

Look more about Fabian de la Rosa HERE

by: Kristine Sanchez
Bangsang Kapampangan

Essays on Kapampangan Nationalism

History of Culion Sanitarium and General Hospital



Culion - A Paradise Lost - A Paradise Regained

Look about Culion Museum above HERE

Look more about the present Culion island HERE


Look also the Videos:

Culion Island Paradise in Palawan

The Beautiful Island of Culion in Palawan, Philippines a former leper colony, is now become a progressive and potential tourist destination in the entire country under the governance of Mayor Veronica Cantimbuhan. Please come and visit Culion and experience the virginity of the mother nature.


Culion Island, a former leper colony in Philippines


'Island of No Return', panoorin
Naging malaking problemang pangkalusugan sa bansa ang sakit na ketong noong 1906. Karamihan sa mga tinamaan nito, sa isla ng Culion ipinadala. Oct 9, 2015

Remark these are albums in the album "Culion Island Paradise in Palawan" in the album "Great places to visit"

Look more videos about the present Culion island HERE


Ilocos Sur: An Illustrated History

A history book about Ilocos Sur authored by Ilocos Sur governor Deogracias Victor "DV" Savellano and illustrated by Philippine Star editorial cartoonist Rene Aranda and UP Fine Arts professor Bim Bacaltos.

You can buy the book here:
1. University of the Philippines Press, Diliman, Quezon City
2. Filipinas Heritage Library, Ayala Triangle, Ayala Ave., Makati City (in front of Manila Pen Hotel)
3. Ayala Museum Library, Makati Avenue cor. Dela Rosa St. Makati City
4. National Book Store

Hardbound - PHP 2,900 - Softbound - PHP 1,400


Olongapo City, Then and Now


Memories of Olongapo City


Clark Air Base - Past and PRESENT

Look the full descriptions of the videos: Past and PRESENT & Before Mt. Pinatubo Evacuation HERE


Far East Network - FEN Philippines

Far East Network served Clark Air Base, Subic Bay Naval Station and other U.S. military outposts.


Look also about "Amerasians - Forgotten Filipino-American Children" HERE



A Story of Philippine's Oldest Radio Station

Look the full description of the video HERE

SUBIC BAY Ship Repair Facility - CUBI POINT Naval Air Station - SUBIC BAY Naval Magazine

Look also HERE

Martial Law - The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolutions - The writ of habeas corpus restored - etc.

Remark most of the videos in this section are in the albums in the album "Philippine History" or "EDSA People Power Revolution" or "Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc."

Look also HERE above HERE and

IMPORTANT look ALSO: Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.

go to overview


The relevance of the 1986 EDSA People Power today
Watch the discussion

Robredo on EDSA 31: Democracy is each Filipino's ability to be part of nation-building
Vice President Leni Robredo delivered a heartfelt message on the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution during a forum on Friday, February 24. She urged Filipinos to ponder what has been their contributions to the country after the bloodless revolution that toppled dictator Ferdinand Marcos.

Pangilinan recounts EDSA People Power in 1986
Senator Kiko Pangilinan, who was a student activist in 1986, recalls his EDSA People Power Revolution experience

Duterte skips EDSA anniversary rites
A toned-down affair. That's how the Duterte administration held its first commemoration of the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution

Lagman: Duterte toned down EDSA rites due to his fascination with Marcos
For some who saw the horrors of the Marcos dictatorship, President Duterte's decision to tone down this year's commemoration of the EDSA People Power Revolution only reflects his fascination with the late dictator, Ferdinand Marcos.

Duterte: No single entity can claim EDSA Revolution
President Rodrigo Duterte heralded the spirit of the 1986 EDSA People Power as belonging to the entire Filipino people, and not just to a selected few.

Raissa Robles: Duterte a historical 'cherrypicker'
At the forum on EDSA People Power's relevance, investigative journalist Raissa Robles says President Rodrigo Duterte "cherrypicks from history to pursue his political agenda."

Look also

Duterte on EDSA anniversary: No group has monopoly of patriotism
by Pia Ranada
Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea delivers the message of President Rodrigo Duterte, who skipped the EDSA commemorative event.

DILG memo: LGUs 'expected' to help mobilize for pro-Duterte rally
The memorandum says local government officials may organize their constituents who are 'willing to participate' in pro-Duterte events supporting President Rodrigo Duterte this weekend, as other groups are set to hold rallies to mark the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution.

Pangilinan: 'Real change' lies in 'people power'
'I believe the war on drugs should be refocused [to] war on poverty to reach a developed nation status,' says Senator Francis Pangilinan

FULL TEXT: Archbishop Villegas' open letter to Cardinal Sin on EDSA
by Archbishop Socrates B. Villegas
'4 days of bloodless revolution! Wow! Now 8 months of relentless killings of the poor in the name of 'change'! It is a nightmare, Your Eminence! It is a shame.'

Cardinal Tagle to parishes: Hold People Power activities
by Paterno Esmaquel II
Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle makes this unprecedented move as the Duterte administration chooses to hold a low-key celebration of People Power this year.

ALL Feb 24-25, 2017


EDSA 31, Feb 25, 2017:

Thousands gather to commemorate EDSA 31
Filipinos celebrated the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution at the People Power Monument on Saturday, February 25. Patty Pasion reports

31 years after 1986 Edsa revolt, the fight continues
Former President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III and Vice President Leni Robredo were among those who attended the 31st anniversary of Edsa People Power Revolution on Saturday.
(Video and editing by RYAN LEAGOGO)

Ramos wants next People Power celebration to be ‘very, very big’
Former President Fidel V. Ramos was somewhat disappointed that the commemoration of the 1986 People Power Revolution was just for a day and held in simple rites inside Camp Aguinaldo. Still, he attended, but he added that he would want the next celebration to be “very, very big.”
(Video by Noy Morcoso)

Fr Robert Reyes: Lies and falsehoods are poisoning the motherland
Activist priest Fr. Robert Reyes at the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power revolution says with historical revisionism, lies are allowed to "poison the motherland."

Mga taga-suporta ni Duterte, nagtipon sa Quirino Grandstand
Kasabay ng paggunita ng ika-31 anibersayo ng People Power Revolution, nagtipon naman ang mga taga-suporta ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte sa Quirino Grandstand para suportahan ang kanyang kampanya kontra droga at kriminalidad.

Look also

Aguirre: Channeling 'perya barker' or Pontius Pilate?
February 27, 2017
(UPDATED) Several senators criticize the behavior of Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre II at a pro-Duterte rally at Luneta over the weekend was simply tasteless!

Despite 'silent' celebration, thousands relive spirit of EDSA
Organizers of the rally say 6,000 participated in the 'Power of We' protest set on the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution

Thousands gather to commemorate EDSA 31
February 26, 2017
Those who gathered at EDSA 31 not only commemorated the People Power Revolution, but protested the burial of former president Ferdinand Marcos.

Duterte critics, supporters clash along EDSA
with video
Critics and supporters of President Rodrigo Duterte clashed along the iconic highway EDSA as the Philippines marked the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution on Saturday, February 25.

IN PHOTOS: Anti-Duterte groups relive 31st EDSA People Power uprising
Protesters raise several issues as they commemorate the 31st EDSA People Power uprising.

Aquino on EDSA 31: 'Hindi pa tapos ang laban'
by Patty Pasion
Former president Benigno Aquino III leads other Liberal Party members who join the rally to remember the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power revolt.

Whose EDSA? A reflection on the (failed) promises of ‘People Power’
by Gideon Lasco February 27, 2017

Like an audience of a ‘teleserye’ with no control over the plot, spectatorship is our default mode of involvement. What EDSA represents is the hope that such passivity has not always been the case.

The essence of EDSA: Change begins with us
by Leni Robredo February 25, 2017

We don't need false prophets of change who claim that they are the people's last hope. The change that we so desire begins with us.

The fragility of democracy: Why we can’t just ‘move on’ from EDSA 1
by JC Punongbayan February 25, 2017

Perhaps it’s best to remember EDSA 1 not as one great wholesale victory for democracy, but rather as a testament to the fragile nature of democracy.

Editorial: Edsa commemoration’s relevance
February 25, 2017
March, but mourn not the demise of EDSA Republic
by Walden Bello February 24, 2017

The EDSA Republic’s failure to live up to its promises spawned Dutertismo


EDSA 31 Heroes: In Memoriam
Feb 24, 2017

ABS-CBN News looks back at 31 heroes who figured in the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution and helped restore democracy in the Philippines.

2016: The year the Marcoses had it so good
by Patty Pasion December 14, 2016
Sure, the nation had not collectively forgotten Martial Law, but that dark chapter in our history was probably not foremost on anyone's mind at the start of 2016. That was, until the only son and namesake of dictator Ferdinand Marcos started climbing up in election surveys and, later, the family won its decades-long campaign to bury the former president as a hero.
This is where 30 years have brought the country. In 1986, Marcos was ousted from power as thousands gathered peacefully on EDSA
TIMELINE: How the Marcoses made their political comeback
February 25, 2017
After being forced into exile following the 1986 EDSA Revolution, the Marcoses slowly return to politics, with members of the late dictator's family now holding government positions.
It was February 25, 1986. The dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos was about to reach its end: the military had turned against him, he was facing scores of human rights and corruption accusations, and thousands gathered on the streets in what would be known worldwide as the People Power Revolution.

aboutphilippines.ph says: We are angry

LOOK BACK: The Aquino assassination
by Jodesz Gavilan August 20, 2016

August 21, 2016 marks 33 years since Benigno 'Ninoy' Aquino Jr was killed at the Manila International Airport.
Considered one of the staunchest opponents of then president Ferdinand Marcos, Aquino was regarded as a contributing factor in the transformation of the small opposition during Martial Law. His assassination galvanized the opposition even more and drew wide-spread support for their cause, culminating in a People Power revolt in 1986.


the Videos in the album "Philippine History"

#Ninoy: Remembering a Hero

Tributes to Ninoy - Feb 25, 2017:

Ninoy’s letter to Antonio Cuenco on June 27, 1983

Ninoy Aquino's Arrival Statement

Cory Aquino and the fall of Martial Law

Look also

Ninoy’s letter to Antonio Cuenco on June 27, 1983
or as pdf HERE

August 21, 2003 By Corazon C. Aquino

The People Power Revolution

also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986

was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines that began in 1983 and culminated in 1986 with the result:

Fall of Marcos regime (1965-86); start of Fifth Republic

Look also

Proclamation 1071
February, 25 2016 be declared as a special (non-working) holiday throughout the country in celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the Edsa People Power Revolution

Key players in the 1986 People Power Revolution
by/ Jodesz Gavilan Feb 23, 2016

Timeline of the People Power Revolution

Newspaper front pages during the 1986 People Power Revolution
by/Jodesz Gavilan February 21, 2016

and the Videos

1986 EDSA People Power Revolution Never Before Seen Footages

EDSA People Power Revolution, Footages

EDSA 30 - Inquirer documentary special

EDSA 30 - Nene Pimentel reacts to youth's views on People Power

EDSA 30 - Sr Mary John Mananzan reacts to youth's views on People Power

EDSA a historical judgment of Marcos dictatorship

PNoy: PH was 'sick man of Asia' under Marcos era

and the Videos

A mini-museum on the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution

The writ of habeas corpus restored - Proclamation No. 2, s. 1986

On March 2, 1986, addressing the large crowd that had gathered in Rizal Park, President Corazon C. Aquino announced the restoration of the writ of habeas corpus.

Editorial: Lessons from Edsa
Sun.Star, February 21, 2016
IT WAS an unexpected lesson that emerged when a class of Mass Communication undergraduates at the University of the Philippines Cebu tossed around the question, “When was martial law declared in the country?”
Look the editorial as pdf HERE

Look also How to help young voters understand martial law
by/ Patty Pasion Feb 24, 2016
Major players in the EDSA People Power Revolution have some advice for young people, who now tend to favor a strongman for a leader.
Look it as pdf HERE

Robredo to Bongbong Marcos: 'Facts don't lie'
by/ Bea Orante Feb 25, 2016
Leni Robredo asks Filipino youth to understand the context behind EDSA I and the older generation to help them do it

Recalling the past, looking to the future
by/ Mark Barnes Feb 26, 2016

X users share their experiences from EDSA I and their hopes for the Philippines, 30 years after the People Power Revolution

The 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution gathered millions of Filipinos from all walks of life to march along Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), the main artery of Metro Manila, to end the dictatorship of President Ferdinand E. Marcos and begin a new era marked by true freedom and democracy.
The events of February 25, 1986, altered the course of our nation’s history; it showcased to the world the remarkable resolve of the Filipino people. It heralded an era of peace.

Look also

#EDSA30: One memorable meeting on Feb 23

#EDSA30: Helicopters, a phone and a scotch


‘People Power sa Davao’
Feb 27, 2017 - Aired: February 25, 2017
Malayo man sa Maynila ay may naging katungkulan din ang Davao sa pagpapatalsik ng diktaduryang Marcos. Sasaliksikin ni Howie Severino kung paano umusbong ang ‘Welga ng Bayan’ sa Davao at kikilalanin ang mga taong naging instrumento ng mga matatagumpay na protesta sa Davao tulad nina Nanay Soling Duterte, Alex Orcullo at Karen Guantero
How the unfulfilled EDSA revolt led to Duterte
by Cleve Arguelles, The Conversation December 22, 2016
'The failure to deliver on the promises of the People Power Revolution made the rise of Duterte politically possible'.
Anti-Marcos group: Quiet EDSA anniversary rites part of revisionism
by Aika Rey February 22, 2017
The #BlockMarcos Movement accuses the Duterte administration of downplaying the struggles of those who fought the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos.

Look also

Robredo hopes for united EDSA anniversary celebration
by Patty Pasion February 22, 2017
Aside from the government-hosted event in Camp Aguinaldo, there will also be protests organized by anti-Marcos groups.

Duterte supporters to hold rallies on EDSA anniversary
with Video
by Pia Ranada February 22, 2017
The rallies are meant to prove that support for President Rodrigo Duterte is 'not waning' despite criticism against his war on drugs and the revival of his links to murders in Davao City.

Duterte gov't to hold 'simple, quiet' EDSA anniversary
by Pia Ranada February 16, 2017
'The emphasis has shifted. It is no longer a celebration of the past; it is now a reflection on what can happen in the future.

EDSA People Power II, January 16 to 20, 2001

go to overview

EDSA People Power II, January 16 to 20, 2001
The Fall of Estrada & the Rise of a New Political System
Look the article as pdf HERE

Look also
Second EDSA Revolution

Edsa 1 and Edsa 2 compared
By Artemio V. Panganiban
Philippine Daily Inquirer February 07, 2016
Look this article as pdf HERE


EDSA People Power II, as it came to be known, was a series of protests held from January 16 to 20, 2001, against former president Joseph Estrada who was then facing plunder charges. The protests eventually triggered Estrada's downfall – and paved the way for Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, his vice president, to enter the spotlight in the political scene.

Looking back at EDSA II: The political paths of Estrada and Arroyo
12:45 PM, January 17, 2017
16 years since the second EDSA People Power Revolution, two key players, former presidents Joseph Estrada and Gloria Arroyo head in strikingly similar directions

Massacres - historical and 1968 - ???

Look also above The Filipino genocide

go to overview

List of massacres
Jabidah and Merdeka: The inside story
by Marites Dañguilan Vitug and Glenda M. Gloria March 18, 2013
On March 18, 1968 at least 23 young Muslim trainees were shot to death on Corregidor Island in what has since been known as
the Jabidah massacre.
The officers who participated in the Jabidah massacre have not fully come clean. In the end, it may have left a legacy of lying and cover-up in the military.

Look also HERE and

Learn from lessons of Jabidah massacre, Zambo youth tell Duterte
by Jieven Santisteban March 18, 2017
Young Mindanao activists urge President Rodrigo Duterte to stop extrajudicial killings

Mendiola Massacre, January 22, 1987

4 things to know about the Mendiola Massacre
by Raisa Serafica January 21, 2017

Agrarian Reform Chief Rafael “Ka Paeng” V. Mariano, then secretary-general of Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas, is one of the many farmers who were at the Mendiola protest in 1987.
On January 22, 1987, an otherwise peaceful mobilization on Mendiola Street turned into a bloody dispersal that took the lives of 13 farmers.
The unfortunate incident came to be known as the Mendiola Massacre.

Look also the Videos: Mendiola Massacre, January 22, 1987

Hacienda Luisita massacre, Nov. 16, 2004
Striking farmworkers, demanding the turnover of the land to them, were violently dispersed by combined PNP-AFP forces. As the strikers and their supporters resisted the teargas shells and water cannons, successive gunshots rang out. Consequently, seven farmworkers were killed, 121 were injured (32 had gunshot wounds), including 11 children and four elderly men.

In the succeeding weeks, eight supporters of the strike were killed: Bishop Alberto Ramento, former supreme bishop of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente; Fr. William Tadena, also of the IFI; Tarlac City councilor Abel Ladera; Ric Ramos, president of the Central Azucarera de Tarlac Labor Union; and four worker-community leaders.

Look also the Video and the articles:

How a workers' strike became the Luisita Massacre

Hda. Luisita massacre: No justice after 10 years

Maguindanao Massacre, election-related violence and media killings, November 23, 2009

6 updates on Maguindanao massacre's 6th year
by Jodesz Gavilan November 21, 2015
Rappler lists down what happened during the months leading to the 6th year of the worst case of election-related violence and media killings in the Philippines

Look also
7 years later: What happened to the Maguindanao massacre case?
by Katerina Francisco Updated November 23, 2016
(UPDATED) Will the worst case of election-related violence in the Philippines reach its resolution under the Duterte administration?

the slideshow: Dozens of bodies found in mass grave in Amputuan, Maguindanao province

and the Video:

What Really Happened During the Maguindanao Massacre?

in the album "Maguindanao Massacre, election-related violence and media killings"

Atimonan massacre, January 6, 2013

Atimonan incident: Ambush or shootout?
by Natashya Gutierrez January 18, 2013
Thirteen people were killed in a mass murder, authorities said to be an alleged shootout conducted by Philippine National Police.
Ambush or shootout?
Almost 2 weeks after the Atimonan Quezon incident, there are more questions than answers.

Look also

Getting to the bottom of the Atimonan rubout
by Benjie Oliveros January 18, 2013

'Quezon shoot-out' was an ambush, says PNP probe

PNP dismisses 13 cops in Atimonan killings
by Bea Cupin April 14, 2014
(UPDATED) Dismissed from service more than a year after the incident are 13 policemen, including a veteran intelligence officer

Mamasapano massacre - SAF44

was an incident that occurred during a police operation, codenamed Oplan Exodus, which took place on Sunday, January 25, 2015, at Tukanalipao, Mamasapano, Maguindanao, by Special Action Force (SAF) of the Philippine National Police (PNP) (allegedly joined by United States Army Special Forces) against the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The operation was intended to capture or kill wanted Malaysian terrorist and bomb-maker Zulkifli Abdhir and other Malaysian terrorists or high-ranking members of the BIFF.

Look also

the PNP-SAF Ambush Malupet - Videos and the articles:

Duterte declares Jan 25 'Day of National Remembrance' for SAF 44
February 26, 2017 with many good links

Senate draft report: MILF liabilities in Mamasapano 'massacre'
by Carmela Fonbuena March 17, 2015
Senator Grace Poe is not taking the MILF to task for the death of the SAF commandos, only its members who were involved in the bloody clash.

PNoy ultimately responsible for Mamasapano massacre - Senate panel
March 17, 2015 By AMITA O. LEGASPI, GMA News

Massacre or misencounter? #SAF44 debate goes on
By Paolo Taruc, CNN Philippines March 24, 2015

WHAT WENT BEFORE: Mamasapano clash
by Inquirer Research January 05, 2016

Enrile blames President for SAF 44 massacre
By Christine O. Avendaño Philippine Daily Inquirer January 28, 2016

Aquino slams multiple homicide case for Mamasapano massacre
By Nikko Dizon Philippine Daily Inquirer July 01, 2016

Duterte to create commission to reinvestigate Mamasapano
January 24, 2017
The President wants to appoint 'men of integrity and honor,' possibly former Supreme Court justices, to head the reinvestigation into the 2015 botched police operation.

SAF 44 families demand justice from Duterte
by Pia Ranada January 25, 2017
During a dinner for the families, Duterte promises to set a 'day of remembrance' for the SAF 44 and orders the PNP to study the possibility of awarding the fallen troopers the Medal of Valor.

Two years after Mamasapano: What happened to the case?
January 25, 2017
Two years have passed since the Mamasapano encounter, but the victims' families are still clamoring for truth on the bloody police operation.

SAF kin still seek justice
January 25, 2017 By Elamae Membrere

Panelo: Revival of Mamasapano probe to bring about 'closure'
January 25, 2017 By Ruth Abbey Gita

Resurrecting Mamasapano controversy
January 25, 2017 By Atty. Pachico A. Seares

Aquino rebuts Duterte: Napeñas to blame for failed Mamasapano op
January 26, 2017 By Ruth Abbey Gita

Aquino pins down Napeñas in Mamasapano affidavit
by Lian Buan January 26, 2017
Aquino defends himself before the Ombudsman, saying the families of SAF 44 have no basis to charge him with homicide over the Mamasapano clash.

Finger-pointing on Mamasapano
by Edilberto de Jesus, PhD January 28, 2017
If Aquino was ultimately responsible for Mamasapano

should not Duterte accept ultimate accountability for the murder by PNP officers of Jee Ick Joo, and any murder subsequently discovered to have been perpetrated by the police?


the Videos in the album "Mamasapano massacre - SAF44" e.g.:

Duterte: US involvement in Mamasapano had Aquino blessing

Duterte, binanatan si Aquino dahil sa Mamasapano encounte

Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines

Look also Ethnic and Indigenous Filipino Groups

go to overview

This article covers the history of the Philippines from the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription in 900 to the arrival of European explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, which marks the beginning of the Spanish Colonial period.

Look also History of the Philippines (Before 1521)

Kahariang Tundun or Kaharian ng Tondo

Kingdom of Tondo

Tondo, also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, was a Philippine fortified kingdom whose capital is located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig river, on Luzon island

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE and HERE e.g.

 many links to former kingdoms in the Philippines e.g.

Kingdom of Maynila & Kingdom of Namayan

Rajahante of Cebu

was a classical Philippine state which used to exist on Cebu island prior to the arrival of the Spanish.

Rajah Humabon Rajah Humabon - King of Cebu

Rajah Humabon was the Rajah (King) of Cebu at the time of Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the Philippines in 1521

look also HERE

A Chronology: The Ilonggo Nation
The surrenderd Ilonggo Nation

Look also

the map 1214 up to the early 1900´s

and The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901)


Visaya - Family/Clans

The Sri Vijayan empire: Who are the Visayans and where did they come from?

Look also the below video and the above " Ancient Goldworking - Treasures" HERE


Who are the Visayan?

It is never too late to expand one's knowledge of the past. Embarrassing as it may be to the government that the Bisaya it has tirelessly repressed is indeed descended from the great Sri Vishaya, the pursuit of historical truth justifies itself. If not, then for the sake of our young who can only take so much of self-serving and subjective official Philippine history.

Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Look also HERE

Newsletter of the Ilonggo Nation The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901)

Remark: the links to the different pages in the upper right corner of the site

Princess Urduja

About seven hundred years ago, when Pangasinan was a kingdom, there lived a famous woman ruler in that dominion. Young, beautiful and well-educated, Princess Urduja was reputed to be a good warrior who had personally led her soldiers to the battlefields.

Look also "Princess Urduja: A Symbolic Subversion" HERE

Princess Urduja: The Mother of Ibalois?

Have you ever heard of Princess Urduja? If your elementary teacher was like ours, she would have told you about the warrior princess who is believed to have ruled the Kingdom of Tawalisi.

Anyway, there is an ongoing debate whether Urduja ever existed and whether the Kingdom of Tawalisi really is modern day Pangasinan. Incidentally, the province of Pangasinan honors the memory of Urduja by naming its capitol the Urduja Palace and by putting up a statue in her honor.


Look also the Video

Ancient Dynasties / Kingdoms Of Pre-Colonial Philippines
May 1, 2013
What was lost, is now found. What was forgotten, is now remembered. - Ano ay nawala, ngayon ay natagpuan. Ano ay nakalimutan, ngayon ay remembered.

This web site is dedicated to the peoples of the Royal Sultanates of Sulu, Ranao Area and Maguindanao, the goal of it is to show history, flags and symbols sometimes unknown of these glorious Kingdoms.
The Royal Hashemite Sultanate of Sulu and Sabah

Look also HERE

Royal Panji - Flags and symbols of the Royal Sultanates of Sulu, Ranao Area and Maguindanao
The Spanish Era

go to overview

Philippine History and Politics on Spanish colonization

Look as pdf HERE

The Spanish Era in the Philippines

Look the article HERE

Spaniards' first 50 years The Spaniards' first 50 years in the Philippines, 1565-1615

Source: Blair & Robertson, The Philippine Islands, volume 3, pp. 141-172.Translation from the Spanish by J.G. Gill.
Spanish Colonial Caste System Spanish Colonial Caste System in the Philippines and the rules of the castes

Indio - persons of pure Filipino ancestry
Negrito - persons of pure Aeta ancestry
Sangley - person of pure Chinese ancestry
Mestizo de Sangley - person of mixed Chinese and Malay ancestry; also called chino and/or chino-mestizo
Mestizo de Bombay - person of mixed Indian and Malay ancestry
Mestizo de Español - person of mixed Spanish and Malay ancestry
Tornatrás - person of mixed Spanish, Malay, and Chinese ancestry
Filipinos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in the Philippines ("from Las Filipinas") also called Insulares ("from the islands") or Criollos (Creoles)
Americanos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spanish America ("from the Americas")
Peninsulares - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spain ("from the peninsula")
Mulato-50% Spanish and 50% black
Morisco-25% black and 75% Spanish
Albino- white pigmented black Negro-full blooded black person


Spanish Colonialism in the Philippines
Oct 10, 2014

History of Hispano - Mexican Filipinas 1521-1898
Historia de la Filipinas Hispana 1521-1898


Governor Generals of the Philippines and the Rulers of Spain

Remark these are 2 albums


The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc.

Contributions of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines


Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Memoria del español filipino


Cultural History of the Philippines: Hispanic Philippines Than We Admit.

An extended meditation on the encounter between the native and the foreign, More Hispanic Than We Admit is a collection of scholarly essays on Philippine culture and history. It recuperates our Spanish past and inspires a continued and lasting engagement with Hispanic Philippines Studies.


Remark: this is a album "The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc."

Contribution of the Basque men The contribution of the Basque men to the Philippines
by/Rodríguez, Eulogio B.

Many of the Spaniards who had resided in the Philippines were the Basques (vascuences of vascongados). Although they dit not constitute the biggest group, they were given the smallest tie of racial knowledge; they were known more as Spaniards than as Basques.


Remark these are albums in the album "Philippine History"

Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Pictures and photographs of the Philippines: people, places, and art during the 18th to 19th century; during Spanish colonial days.



Latin Philippines

Images of old churches and Fort Santiago


Remark these are albums in the album "Spanish Colonial Era"


Mestiza Hispana Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


El vestido tradicional de la Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


La Mujer Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era

They were called The Spanish Ladies-Señoritas.


El Hombre Filipino - Spanish Colonial Era
They were called The Spanish Gentlemen-Señores.
Manila Carnivals 1908-1939

Perhaps, no other event has piqued the interest and stirred a nation’s imagination more than the fabled Manila Carnivals. Held from 1908-1939, the 2-week fair was organized as a goodwill event to celebrate harmonious U.S.-Philippine relations and to showcase our commercial, industrial and agricultural progress. Spectacular parades, lavish shows, firework displays and the crowning of the Manila Carnival Queen highlighted the "greatest annual event in the Orient".


Remark these are albums in the sub-album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"

El Carnaval de Manila - Spanish Colonial Era

Manila Carnival was an event that aroused the jealousy of all Asia not only for your show, if not for the parade of your exotic queens. Beautiful young women of Luzon, Visayas or Mindanao arrived in Manila for be proclaimed the most pretty woman of the Philippines Islands.

The video shows also many kind of dresses of that time!
La Casa Filipina and the interior - Spanish Colonial Era

Colonial Houses in the Philippines were the union between Eastern style and Spanish pattern. A home designed in stone in the ground floor in order to fight tropical heat and wood at the top to fight the strong earthquakes that often shook the islands. The furniture inside the house was clearly done by people of mixed race, with garlanded rooms with lamps imported from Spain and beautiful glass cabinets dressed in fine China.
Manila During Spanish Time
Old Spanish-speaking Manila, 2videos
Intramuros - Spanish Colonial Era

Spanish Colonial Age (Golden Age) in the Philippines, Intramural, which is called City of God because of its many convents, churches, schools, houses and streets made with a colonial art which was magnificent at that time. Once it was destroyed in the World War II by the Americans and Japaneses, who were cruel to its population and majestic city. However, nowadays it remains the memories of that which was the Asian Pearl of the Spanish Empire.

Look also HERE
Intramuros: The historical walled city of Manila

Intramuros is a walled city-fortress originally built by the Spaniards in the 1600's. It is a historical monument, almost completely destroyed in World War II, it has been restored and is a must-see for visitors to the Philippines. Intramuros is rich with history and legend.

Look also HERE

Why the PH is a safe haven for refugees

go to main-overview


Why the PH is a safe haven for refugees
June 18, 2015

The Rohingya weren't the first group of refugees to seek asylum in the Philippines.
When anti-communist refugees known as White Russians were forced to flee China due to the advance of the communist army in 1949, only one country opened its doors to them, the Philippines.

The history of the former "Philippine Refugee Centers" and "The Boat People" in the Philippines - Etc.

go to overview

The Philippines Refugee Processing Center (PRPC) (1980-1995)

was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines, which was used as the final stop for Indochinese refugees making their way to permanent resettlement in other nations.

Important look also these links HERE and HERE and about Palawan Refugee Camp below HERE

Cemetery of Vietnamese refugees at Bataan Processing Centre in Philippines

There are about 300 graves found in this cemetery. Bataan was a Processing Centre established in 1980 and closed down in 1994, now called Bataan Technology Park, in Subic Bay area, 2 hours drive from Manila.


Vietnamese Refugees in the Philippines


The Philippine Refugee Processing Center (PRPC)

was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines, which was used as the final stop for Indochinese refugees making their way to permanent resettlement in other nations.

Look much more on the above links and the full description of the video HERE


Philippine refugee camp memories


Stateless Vietnamese Refugees in the Philippines 1997 - 2009

A trip down memory lane. A short documentary on VOICE work in the Philippines and what it set out to achieve in the years to come.


and look the 5 videos "The last chapter of Vietnamese refugees in the Philippines" HERE

and look also the video "Introduction of the Archive of Vietnamese Boat People" HERE

The former link has been closed, so we will be glad if you can help and send a new link

The Boat People Museum

was set up to commemorate the former Philippine Refugee Processing Center in Morong, Bataan which was used in 1980-1994 as a temporary resettlement and preparation area for boat refugees from Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The Museum is about the story of suffering, people diaspora, and the triumph of the human spirit. It is about compassion, cooperation among various peoples, NGOs and governments, and about the United Nations. It is a story which unfortunately repeats itself. Yet there are small untold heroes. The Museum was set up with meager funds and volunteer help, mainly from those who were involved earlier as employees of the camp. Photos and small memorabilia were gathered from the villagers, as well as from visitors. An authentic boat that was used in the migration was refurbished and is a real monument to this period.

Please send links & videos, because we miss such ones
P.F.A.C. - the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan.

go to overview

PFAC Palawan, Our Second Home Blog

was created as a tribute to the Vietnamese Refugees who used to live in P.F.A.C. or the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan, Philippines. We hope that this blog can serve as a venue or tool to reunite us, bring us closer together once more. Please feel free to post comments or requests below every post. We welcome submissions related to PFAC and its former volunteers and residents.

Palawan Refugee Camp Palawan Refugee Camp

PFAC refugee camp, 1989, Palawan

This is a video (in 6 parts) taken by Mr. Jan Top Christensen, Head of UNHCR Field Office in PFAC, Palawan, Philippines, in 1989.

Please send links & videos, because we miss such ones


go to overview

Welcome to Old Manila Walks!

We’re a bunch of passionate, obsessive and saucy ‘street walkers’(!) determined to walk and talk about one thing: the history, the culture and the heritage plus everything over, under, outside, inside this city of our affections - Manila.

Check out this month's schedules. 

PLEASE tell, if you think, a link or video, which we have got and uploaded to our sites is ILLEGAL - wrong, send a message with the link to us and tell WHY, so at once we can erase it - please look HERE

You are always welcome to click and use Contact - Send a mail to us

God Bless you & Many regards
The "Balikbayan family-union - AboutPhilippines" far away from the beloved Philippines

go to main-overview