Heritage and History
Full of Memories, Dreams & Informations

- Now objects to help for you and e.g. Education -

"Never forget the roots of your family"

A little serious of our mind:

Try to imagine, that your grandchildren can´t speak with you in your language......

Learn your family the language of the roots, so your family - children can speak their language from childhood!

Learn your family the culture of the roots, so your family understand and respect the roots e.g. Mano Po!
Please make links to our sites - and CONTROL links work well. If you like to embed our sites, you HAVE TO ask us first!

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It´s a good idea to a start looking the mainpage About Philippines, or look the Index with informations and descriptions about all sites. The sites of all our domains "About Philippines" are common, so used links to all sites are the primary links. We recommend to use a "REAL" computer for looking our sites.

For getting our sites to load more fast, some links are only in one place, even it has informations for several places, so NONE of the sites can´t stand alone e.g. complementary sites are: Culture, Folklore & Music - Songs - Dances and Nature, Tourism & Luzviminda

PLEASE look our Blog, e.g. about WHY it´s important to tell if you find a "dead" link, send a mail and tell where!

If you are looking for ???, LOOK.

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Heritage - general - authorities - etc. and Historical places - etc.

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections

Historical Churches and Cemeteries etc.

Heritage of Fortifications

Film art Heritage

Ancient Goldworking & Treasures

Cebu Heritage - NOT to find in other sections - e.g. many photos

History of the Philippines

The history of the former "Philippine Refugee Centers" and "The Boat People" in the Philippines - Etc.

P.F.A.C. - the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan


Museums and Art galleries - Etc.

Indigenous, Ancient, Colonial and Famous Architectural Heritage - etc.

Heritage of Transportation - etc.

Philippine Money - History and Museums

The Dead, Death, Funeral, Burial in the past - Traditional and Ethnic

Landmarks, National parks and World Heritage etc.

It´s a good idea to look too.. many more subject

About & Disclaimer

HELP to you

Remark: Last update of this page is: 2016-05-28 20:25 CET

Authorities etc. and Laws, Codes, Rules, etc. are the places to look more of these subjects.
Many files are pdf or PowerPoint marked with - . If you miss a reader - viewer, download it HERE
Video-links will open the main-album for the subject. In the main-album look the sub-albums - videos with descriptions.

go to overview

In the left column

LEFT Click the blue link or logo
A "top" link Video(s) tells the video-logo(s) in that column "room" are in an album on Videostation

IMPORTANT look also HELP for the VideoStation!

In the right column

Description about what to look and maybe an extra blue link or logo about the subject.

The Territory, Administrative divisions, Regions, Provinces - some Cities - Cebu Province "Special"

all about:

Luzviminda - LuzViMinda

a portmanteau of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the names of the three major island groups.

Heroism, Heritage, and Nationhood
Essays and Features from the Official Gazette is a compendium of long-form essays featured in the Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines and the Presidential Museum and Library websites.
This book is one of the special legacy publications of the the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office (PCDSPO), the office mandated to preserve and curate the institutional memory of the Office of the President.
Editorial: Families and heritage
Published May 22, 2016

May, declared as National Heritage Month, challenges Filipino families and communities to keep alive the valuable legacy of our ancestors, which shape our sense of who we are.

The Philippines: The Biblical land of Ophir?
Do you think Philippines is the Land of Ophir which can be found in the bible?
Ophir is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth. King Solomon is supposed to have received a cargo of gold, silver, sandalwood, precious stones, ivory, apes and peacocks from Ophir, every three years.

Look also HERE, HERE


the Video The Philippines: The Biblical land of Ophir?

Heritage general - authorities - etc. and Historical places - etc.

go to overview

The Museum Foundation of the Philippines

formerly Concerned Citizens for the National Museum is a non-stock, non-profit, membership, and volunteer organization dedicated to developing greater awareness and appreciation in the Filipino of our country’s rich artistic and cultural heritage in partnership with the National Museum and its network of divisions and branches.

The National Historical Institute - NHI, as an arm in the culture and development agenda of the government
The ICOMOS National Committee Philippines

ICOMOS is the official international organization of heritage conservation

The Filipinas Heritage Library

You can view our wide range of reference materials on Philippine history, art, and culture

Pambansang Sinupan ng Pilipinas

NLP Building, T. M. Kalaw Street, Ermita, 1000 Manila

13 million Spanish documents

60 million cataloged public documents

Look RA 9470 - National Archives of the Philippines Act of 2007

and Discovering Philippines - Spanish Archives


They’re shredding documents at the Palace?
Published May 21, 2016 - Updated May 22, 2016
Malacañang staffers say they're 'frustrated' over verbal orders for them to shred and transfer certain government documents. Everything is verbal with the absence of written instructions on the shredding and transfer.
Is this even allowed? The national archives law (Republic Act 9470) prohibits government agencies from disposing of their records unless authorized, in writing, by the executive director of the National Archives of the Philippines.
Heritage Conservation Society Online database of built heritage resources in the Philippines

Many photos and informations of Heritage buildings & Landmarks

Look also the facebook HERE

Do you want to save a heritage house?
Published June 28, 2015
A non-profit organization called the Kapitbahayan sa Kalye Bautista atbp. Lugar, Inc. (KKB) has started a crowdfunding initiative to restore the historic Kasa Boix and transform it into a community center and creative space.
Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage in Philippine Society

by/Aurora Roxas-Lim


Philippine Cultural Heritage Tour

Cebu Southeastern Cultural Heritage Tour September 13, 2009


An Educational Tour: A Heritage Trail to Southwest Cebu

Remark these are albums in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

The Video- & Photostation with

Philippine Special Maps 

About e.g. 

Maps of Philippines - Historical from 1700 to 1965

Remark these are sub-albums in the album "Maps of Philippines" in the album "A paradise of 7107 islands"

The Journal of History

is the official publication of the Philippine National Historical Society (first named Philippine Historical Society), an organization of historians and practitioners of history

Many good articles for free download e.g.:

Land and Society in Early Colonial Philippines (Introduction of the Panel)
Bernardita Reyes Churchill
The Agturáy of the Ili: The Elite of Ilocos, 1574-1661
Digna Balangua Apilado
Southern Tagalog Society in a Time of Transition, 1571-1671
Maria Eloisa G. Parco de Castro
Disaster in Itî’s Land: The Tragic Social History of the Datû Class in Leyte (1521-1622)
Rolando O. Borrinaga
King Gaam, the Last Monarch of Agbonan (now San Isidro), Bohol, in the Early 19th Century
Emmanuel Luis A. Romanillos
Recreating Local History Through Vintage Photographs
Cenon-Roldan Agbayani, Jr.
The Visayas: Islands in the Seas, A Historical Perspective
Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope
Guerrilla War against the Japanese: Americans in the Visayas
Violeta S. Ignacio
Human Bibingka: Leyteños under Japanese Rule (1942-1944)
George Emmanuel R. Borrinaga
President Sergio Osmeña in Tacloban, Leyte, 1944–1945
Pablo U. Amascual, III
Anti-Filipinism in Late 19th Century Publications in Spain
Erlinda K. Alburo
The Mindanao I Never Saw: Glimpses of ‘Yutâ sa Saad’ from the
Collections of the Cebuano Studies Center, University of San Carlos
Nestor Roa Pacana
Building a Colonial Hill Station: The Genesis of Baguio
Maria Nela B. Florendo

Ibanag Heritage Foundation Inc. - IHFI


Religious and Beliefs

Programs, Projects and Activities

Baao - Camarines Sur

Historical and Cultural Society

The society has been established to promote research on the history and culture of the town of Baao, Camarines Sur, so as to preserve its rich historical and cultural heritage, and to cherish the memory and legacy of its illustrious people.

OceanHeritage.com.ph is formed to address the dire need to protect and conserve the marine environment of The Philippines - the seas are an essential part of our country´s history, and its ecosystem.
Philippine Heritage Watch Philippine Heritage Watch

Heritage mistakes and disasters so that the public may know

Cordillera Cultural Heritage

College Vice President, MPSPC
Council of Elders, Igorot Global Organization
Look it as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Cordillera Cultural Heritage"

Baguio: Landmarks & Scenic Attractions part 1

look part 2 HERE and the Video

Baguio City - Portrait Of A Hill Station

Remark this is an album in the album "Cordillera Cultural Heritage"

Look descriptions on the photos and videos in the album


The Attul of Banghallan - Lagawe, Ifugao

Remark this is an album in the album "Cordillera Cultural Heritage"

The earliest dated terraces in Ifugao

The Home of the Early Terrace Builders in Ifugao

"The Early Terrace Builders became resilient with the demands of time... They have learned from the remnants of landslides and from every drop of soil that falls along the paddies of the fields"

Railways, Waterways, Stone-ways

Railways, Waterways, Stone-ways

The concern for introducing improvements into urban life concentrates on infrastructures: the provision of a fresh-water supply, and the establishing of rail and tram lines.

many good details, maps and photos

The peopling of the Philippines The peopling of the Philippines

by/Gaillard & Mallari

Culture of Ancient Filipinos The Culture of Ancient Filipinos

The Philippines Before Spain

Look the article as pdf HERE

The ancient society The ancient in Philippine society


Philippine Historical Landmarks and Places
"Ifugao Law" Heritage: The Ifugao Law (1919) - culture - traditions with many good photos
Spanish Heritage in The Philippines

Many good informations and photos

The Fabulous Spanish Heritage of Tigbauan, Iloilo

Look the article HERE

Preserve our Heritage

Remark these are albums in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

The Journey - Cebu Legacy - How It Came to Be!

 These Videos contains the historical information of Cebu's favorite historical tourist spots. The purpose of having this project is to enable the foreign students experience socio-linguistic approach to learning and to promote Cebu as a tourist destination. This is a Communication Class Project in ESL (English as Second Language). Farrah Koreen Revilla, Production Executive. Written by : Joyce Cresencio, Directed, Hosted & Created by: Francisco B. Francisco. The creator of this video is a graduate of Mass Communication major in Broadcast Media in University of San Jose Recoletos, Cebu City.


Cebu prior to World War II

"Oh Cebu pagkatahum mo kaniadto"


Historical Photos from Cebu


Toledo City Heritage


Iloilo Heritage Sites

Iloilo: Promoting heritage through cultural identity

Iloilo is home to decades-old churches and Spanish-era houses, but a group of citizens passionate about heritage want to do more to promote the province’s cultural treasures.
To do that, heritage advocate Eugene Jamerlan says the campaign for cultural appreciation begins with instilling a sense of pride among locals. Uploaded on Nov 13, 2014


Why is Iloilo important in PH history?
For the second straight year, President Aquino chose to celebrate Independence day outside Metro Manila. This time, the chief executive opted to celebrate the 117th Philippine independence in Iloilo, a province that played a special role in the country's struggle for independence from Spanish rule. Published Jun 11, 2015

Look also Panubli-on: The Iloilo Heritage

Boljoon Heritage

Look also "Our Town: Boljoon"

Picturesque Old Philippines

Look also Old photos from Philippines

Buhay Pinoy Noon Collection of old pictures from black and white or color prints
Baliktanaw Baliktanaw - Filipino Past in Pictures

“BALAYAN", the name of an old town and of vast province Batangas in 1581, which has been figured out here as the center of the ancient country Mai-I

Look the article as pdf HERE

Artifacts discovery might lead to lost tribe

Experts at the National Museum in the capital Manila are studying the burial urns from a tribe that lived in the Philippines over 2,000 years ago, in what could be a major archaeological discovery.

"The pottery has human faces that show emotions," Eusebio Dizon, head of the archaeological unit at the National Museum

Polished Stone Adzes from Ille Cave at El Nido, Palawan Island

by/Alfred F. Pawlik, University of the Philippines, ASP

Tabon Man

the oldest known fossil age of about 47,000 years remains of Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia — a portion of a human tibia — is from the Tabon Cave near Quezon, Palawan

The Tabon Man refers to a particular set of human remains, specifically of the species Homo sapiens - the “intelligent” or “modern” man – believed to be the first man in the Philippines.

Look also HERE


Angono Petroglyphs

2010 Documentary

Taklobo Productions, Taklobo, Inc.

Producer: Jaime Enage
Host: Dr. Bonifacio Comandante, Jr. PhD
Director: John NL Leyson (www.liquidandliquid.com)
Cameraman: Manong Joseph Villamiel

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."

Look also the articles" The Angono Petroglyphs is the oldest known work of art in the Philippines"

"Petroglyphs and Petrographs of the Philippines"

Look much more HERE, HERE and HERE

The Incredible Code of Kalantiaw

look also HERE


LAPU LAPU - datu of Mactan

Documentary by Jay Taruc, I Witness Aired on 11 Jun 2012 GMA-7

For the first time in Philippine television, I-Witness will trace his roots. Documentarist Jay Taruc travels from Manila to Cebu in search of Lapu Lapu's identity, his culture, and his legacy that will put him in his rightful place in the annals of our Philippine history.

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Philippine History"

Look also the article HERE

Famous Historic Shrines And Monuments in The Philippines


A Sojourn in Culture, History, Heritage etc. - Published Apr 15, 2015

Remark this is an album in the album "Calabarzon" in the sub-album "Great places to visit"

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

go to overview

of the Republic of the Philippines

An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

For the past four years, the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic PlanningOffice (PCDSPO) has, as part of its mandate, led the preservation and curatorship of the institutional memory of the Philippine presidency; it has also stood at the forefront of sustaining interest and curiosity about the story of the Filipino people. The PCDSPO has achieved all this in so short a time by taking advantage of and continually improving upon the marriage of new technologies and standby resources-historical papers, photo collections, monographs and articles and textbooks.

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections

go to overview

The Philippine Electoral Almanac
This book traces the history of Philippine elections. Leading up to the present day, it explores the intricate relationship, in a democracy, between the President and Congress; analyzes the partnerships established between political parties and personalities; fleshes out the history of political coalitions; and details every Philippine national referendum held to date.

Look also HERE

Historical Churches and Cemeteries etc.

go to overview

Look the MANY historical churches

Look also Historical Cemeteries etc. in the sections

Indigenous - Ethnic culture & Heritage about Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning & the Dead

General culture about The Dead & Cemeteries

Exploring the relics at Quiapo’s Ocampo Compound
by/Alecs Ongcal Published January 09, 2016

FORGOTTEN ICONS. Don Peping's treasures are abandoned at the Ocampo Compound.
The Black Nazarene isn't the only icon in Quiapo – the Ocampo Compound is a treasure trove of relics, myths, and legends

Heritage of Fortifications

go to overview

Spanish Colonial Fortifications of the Philippines

Look also HERE

Heritage Conservation Society Many photos and informations of ‘Fortifications’
Fort Santiago, Manila

Fort Santiago has a savage history. Read the whole article HERE

Look also HERE and a lot of photo of Fort Santiago HERE and the Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"


La Muralla de Manila - Spanish Colonial Era

The walls of Manila were built in the early 16th century and rebuilt over three centuries. It delimited the shape of the city, wider on the South and shortened on the North, where the fort of Santiago and the Pasig River were. It remained intact during several assaults from the English and Chinese pirates, but it was parcially destroyed during the shellings of World War II, leaving an empty shell until the mid sixties. Nowadays there're still remains left from which was the magnificent wall from the Pearl of the Orient.

Remark this is an album in the album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"


Fort General Martinez and Casa Real arch and ruins

Look also the many good informations and plates HERE

The Fortress and Church of Miagao

Santo Tomas de Villanueva Church

Look the article HERE - Look also the Video

The Fortress and Church of Miagao

Miagao Church by Ed Antonio

One of the four barouque churches in the Philippines is the Miagao Church or the Church of Santo Tomas de Villanueva declared as one of UNESCOs World Heritage Sites. It has an amazing structure that stood the test of time. Built in 1787 and later damaged by fire and earthquake and restored in the 1960s

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Historical Churches & Cemeteries"

Zamboanga City's Fort Pilar

Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zaragosa

a 17th century military defence fortress built by the Spanish colonial government in Zamboanga City

1635 - 2006

371 years of history and transformation.

Remark 3 pages with photos

Look also HERE, HERE and the Videos

Remark this is an album in the album "Zamboanga City & Peninsula - A Living Heritage" in the sub-album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"



Look the article as pdf HERE


Cebu fortresses and watch towers during the Spanish regime

Let us trace our history through the fortresses and watch towers that were built throughout the whole province of Cebu in defense against the pirates who tried to kidnap Cebuanos during the Spanish regime. This episode traces where these fortresses and watch towers are and see their current situation. Host: Archaeologist and Professor Jojo Bersales.

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

The history of Fort San Pedro in Cebu City

Look also A Romance with the Fort San Pedro and the Videos

Fort San Pedro in Cebu City

The smallest, oldest triangular bastion fort in the country was built in 1738 to repel Muslim raiders. Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi was incharge of construction.


Visit at Fort San Pedro in Cebu City (July 1993)

© Egon & Rowina (Bebeth) Roenning, Denmark


Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Fuerte de Santa Isabel, Taytay, Palawan

Look also HERE

Look the article included photo as pdf HERE

Cuyo Fort, Cuyo, Palawan

Cuyo was strategically located between the islands of Panay and the Palawan main land. The island served as a stepping stone that linked Palawan with the Visayas and Luzon. Cuyo’s strategic position within a transportation and trade route made it imperative that it be fortified.

Look the article HERE

Defence and fortification

The Philippines were considered to be a key part of the defence system of the Spanish Crown in the New World.

Corregidor - Then and Now





Cavite province fortifications

Fort Drum
(El Fraile Island), also known as the “concrete battleship” is a heavily fortified island fortress situated at the mouth of Manila Bay

Fort Drum History Including History of 59th CA

Look also the articles HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE

AND the Videos

e.g. El Fraile - Surrender at Fort Drum. Documentary by Kara David Published on Jun 17, 2013

Remark this is an album "El Fraile Island" in the album "Cavite province" in the sub-album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"
Corregidor Island e.g.:

Regent Seven Seas cruise director and adventurer Jamie Logan travels to this small but heavily fortified island which was the site of one of the great battles during WWII. Here American and Filipino forces held off the Imperial Japanese Navy which delayed their advance and saved Australia from invasion. See the incredible remains of this battle torn island!

Corregidor Island incl. a walkthrough of Malinta tunnel

and 1 video, Corregidor Island Historical Treasures with sign language (FSL, Filipino Sign Language ??)

Remark this is an album "Corregidor" in the album "Cavite province" in the sub-album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"

Look also

Corregidor Island, map - December 1941 and
Malinta Tunnel

look much more about Heritage of Corregidor HERE



Dipnaysupuan Japanese Tunnel mostly known as Batanes Tunnel

Little is known about the Batanes tunnels dug by Ivatan children during World War II. Jay Taruc meets Lolo Daniel and Lolo Luis, two surviving tunnel diggers who recounted their experiences during the Japanese occupation in Batan Island. It’s a 5-door World War II tunnel which was built by the Japanese to provide shelter for their soldiers. It is located in the mountain of Tukon. Published Apr 22, 2014

Remark this is an album in the album "Batanes" in the sub-album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"

Look also about Province of Batanes HERE and HERE

The Bonifacio War Tunnel
February 3, 2014 by Defense News Daily PH

The 1910 Fort Bonifacio War Memorial Tunnel is a tunnel in Bonifacio Global City, a district of Metro Manila. It is considered to be a historical site by the Bases Conversion Development Authority. It is situated at the property of former military base Fort Bonifacio and now called Bonifacio Global City. It has since become hidden underneath the streets that traverse C-5 and Kalayaan Avenue.

Look also HERE, HERE AND the Videos - Remark this is an album in the album "Metro Manila Tourist Attractions" in the sub-album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"


Japanese war tunnel in Ilagan, Isabela

Ilagan City has opened its latest tourist destination to the public which lets visitors travel back to the Japanese period. Published Feb 17, 2016

Look the full description in the album - Remark this is an album in the album "Isabela: Queen Province of the Philippines" in the sub-album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"

Culion’s remodelled fortress - church

Look also Culion Fort - Culion, Palawan

The Citadel of Oslob

Film art Heritage

go to overview

Ang Pambansang Museo ng Pelikula - PMP

At long last, a home for movie memorabilia

The Pambansang Museo Ng Pelikula - is the Philippines' one-of-a-kind museum that puts on display a wide array of film and film-related artifacts. Educational and entertaining, the Museum is set up for the enrichment and cultural appreciation of students, teachers, and the general public of the country's moving image heritage.

Look the article as pdf 

Look also HERE and the Videos

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Malacañang Palace, Museums, Heritage Sites - Etc."

LVN Pictures Inc. LVN Pictures Inc.

one of the biggest film studios in the history of Philippine cinema and its foremost establishment in motion picture post-production until 2005. In its heyday of motion picture production, LVN Pictures has been compared to that of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios (MGM) of Hollywood because it had, under contract, the biggest stars and film craftsmen of the period.

LVN Pictures Inc. Museum Film History Comes to Life at LVN Museum

LVN studios on P. Tuazon blvd. in Quezon City

Sampaguita Pictures Sampaguita Pictures

was a Philippine film production company. It was named for the Philippine National Flower, Sampaguita. The company has been long-defunct since the 1980s with Mike de Leon's classic Batch '81 being the last film released.


Remark these are albums in the album "Philippine Cultural Attire Heritage"

1905 Luzon Lingerie


Produced in 1905, "Luzon Lingerie" goes on record as the first ever movie made in the Philippines. It's a documentary on the needlework skills of our beautiful great-great-grandparents.


Delicate garments made from pineapple fiber - Piña - 1918 - 1920 Luzon Lingerie - Silent film

Delicate garments made from pineapple fiber (Piña) are still made in the same old "handmade" way. The embroidery skill is passed on through generations of women. This movie is part of the collection: Prelinger Archives. Production Co: Burton Holmes Travel Pictures

Look the full description of the video HERE


Zamboanga 1936 - LOOK the film which tells the story of the past

Look more and full description of and about the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the sub-album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."


Badjao 1957

A story about the Badjaos and the Tausogs, rival Muslim tribes for centuries. It won the award for best direction (Lamberto V. Avellana, National Artist for Theater and Film in 1976), best story (Rolf Bayer), best editing (Gregorio Carballo), and best cinematography (Mike Accion) at the 1957 Southeast Asia Film Festival held in Tokyo.

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."


Ethnic groups - Brides of Sulu - “providing a rare glimpse into a lost culture."

A flick's production history is clothed in mystery. James J. Gilbert narrates the story, which is introduced in a foreword as a "simple love story based upon fact and the rites, rituals and ceremonies portraying the hatred of the Mohammedan Moro for the Unbeliever is not fiction. As an authentic document of Moro life, this production is designed to instruct as well as entertain." Look more on the video and the full description about the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."

Ancient Goldworking & Treasures

Look also about "the great Sri Vishaya" below HERE and the article "The 'golden' age of the Philippines, rediscovered"
by/Rome Jorge Published September 05, 2015

go to overview

Anthropological reflection on Philippine masks

Visayan burial masks

Gold death mask found in Plaza Independencia | The Heritage of Cebu

Bisayans who could afford would cover their deads eyes, nose and mouth with gold so that they would be welcomed well in the next world.

Look also HERE and also the history of the use of "Gold death mask" HERE

Look also the below video



Remark these are albums in the album "Treasure of Ancestors" in the album "Philippine History"

Was gold really present in Cebu during the Pre-Spanish Era? Together let us answer this question through this episode of Kabilin entitled BULAWANONG SUGBO.

Remark 3 video in the album



In 1981, Berto Morales, a farmer employed as a bulldozer operator in an irrigation project in Surigao struck gold. He discovered a treasure trove of gold ornaments while bringing down a hill to collect filling materials. The discovery, hitherto unknown to the public, is among the largest collection of Philippine archaeological gold in the country as well as in the rest of the world.

Look the full description of the videos HERE


Ancient Visayan Goldworking

The many different kinds of large and small beads, all of what they call filigree work here.. is clear evidence that they did careful, delicate and beautiful work even better in their antiquity than now since all the ancient gold work is of higher gold content and craftsmanship than what is being made now... [like the kamagi], a piece of jewelry of greater value and curiosity than could be expected of a people apparently so crude and uncivilized (Alcina 1668a, 3:121). As Alcina said century later, "One who knows how to make them today is hard to find." Source: Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society by William Henry Scott



Philippine Treasures, a special documentary about some of the country's historical artifacts, most important relics from the Philippines' literally rich pre-colonial past and many others. The documentary is hosted by Ms. Mel Tiangco with reporting by Mariz Umali, Cesar Apolinario, Tina Panganiban-Perez, and John Consulta.


Forgotten Philippines: Gold of Ancestors part 1, 2 & 3 Gold found in the Sitio Magruyong site sheds a light on the important relationship between Southeast Asian Srivijayan empire and the Philippines

The Golden Tara of Agusan

is a 21-carat golden figurine of the Hindu-Buddhist goddess named "Tara" of the Mahayana branch of Buddhism. Sitting cross-legged, it measures over 5 inches tall, and weighs nearly 4 pounds. It has a richly-adorned headdress and many ornaments on its arms and other parts of its body. The religious statuette was stumbled on by a woman of the Manobo tribe, jutting out from the muddy banks of the Wawa River in Esperanza, Agusan del Sur, after a storm and flood during 1917.

The image corroborates a single cultural sphere that developed in the archipelagic regions of Southeast Asia during the height of trade between Butuan and the rest of the Sri Vijaya Empire.

(This link tells also about the below Laguna Copperplate)

Look more about the Golden Tara in the above videoalbum

Look also HERE and HERE

Laguna Copperplate

The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, short LCI, was discovered in 1989 by Alfredo E. Evangelista a sand laborer working on Lumbang River near the outlet to Laguna de Bay found a plate in Barangay Wawa, Lumban, in the Laguna province. The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (also shortened to LCI) is the earliest known written document found in the Philippines.

(look also the above link about "The golden Tara of Agusan", which also tells about Laguna Copperplate)


Look the article from Facebook HERE

Look also the Video

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Treasure of Ancestors"

Cebu Heritage - NOT to find in other sections - sites

look also:

Historical Photos from Cebu

go to overview

Cebuano cultural heritage
Cultural and Historical Affairs Commission, CHAC
CHAC is a catalyst for Cebuano cultural heritage providing the best opportunity in art, culture and history within the community, instilling pride and sense of identity and unity among cebuanos as well as among the Filipinos.
CHAC shall develop, implement and promote programs and projects that will inculcate the appreciation of cebuano heritage.

Look it as pdf HERE


The Heritage of Cebu Monument

Sculpted in bronze and cement by National Artist for Sculpture, Eduardo Castrillo

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Woodcarvers, Sculptors etc. and their works"

Look also about Eduardo Castrillo HERE

The Archbishop´s Palace, Cebu
Cebu’s Pipe Organs Cebu’s Pipe Organs
Historical Markers Unveiled

Look the article HERE

A Vision for Vision Theater

Last Supper in Mandaue  and Luis Cabrera Ancestral House

An article about:

Ciscara’s Plan for the Cebu Cathedral
An Afterthought on the La Muerte
A Passion of Ivory Images


National Archives of the Philippines

Cebu from 1600 to 1898

We will trace the documents and papers about Cebu from 1600 to 1898 that are kept by the National Archives of the Philippines through this episode of Kabilin entitled NATIONAL ARCHIVES! Host: Archaeologist and Professor Jojo Bersales.

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"


Cebu WW II

The Fall of Cebu

Published May 23, 2012


The Liberation Of Cebu

Uploaded on Feb 3, 2012

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"


Here we have a tour of Cebu and some of the major atractions of Cebu City, Philippines, created by Jim Sibbick.

Historical Photos

go to overview

Look all 125 different photos as a slideshow, click the photo

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Many of the photos are from Philippine History Buffs. All descriptions are from "uploaders"

There´s missing a description of many of the photos, so if you can help with one or more or a change to a wrong, we will be glad, please SEND a MESSAGE

Look also Heritage of Railway systems

go to overview

 History of the Philippines

Remark most of the videos in these sections are albums in "Filipinos & the Philippines, Provinces, Cities, Etc. during old times and then" or the sub-album "Philippine History"

IMPORTANT look also the sub-sections - etc.

Martial Law and The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolution and The writ of habeas corpus restored

Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines

The Spanish Era

and Historical Laws

go to overview

The album with

Maps of Philippines, islands, Cities - Municipalities & Barangays - Etc.

e.g. Maps of Philippines - Historical from 1700 to 1965

Remark this is an album "Maps of Philippines" in the album "A paradise of 7107 islands"

David Rumsey Map Collection

Slowly to load, but...

So many good old historical maps etc. of Philippines

Special - Issue: Culture - Customs - Traditions e.g.

The Philippines Then and Now

History of the Philippines

Look also

Timeline of History of the Philippines

History of the Philippines (Before 1521)

Philippine Progress Prior to 1898

By Austin Craig and Conrado Benitez

A Source Book of Philippine History
To Supply a Fairer View of Filipino Participation and Supplement the Defective Spanish Accounts

A History of the Philippines, David P. Barrows

One of the best full articles from ancient time to 1905 with many old maps, illustrations and photos

Look the article as pdf HERE

The What, How and Why of Philippine History

Look as pdf HERE

Society of Saint Pius X - District of Asia SSPX

A short Philippine History before the 1898 Revolution

Look the History article HERE

1493-1898 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 1493-1898
"A glimpse through history"

Ancient and pre-Spanish Era
Pre-Spanish influence, modern day
Magellan and the Spanish influence
Americas first entanglement
The Japanese and WWII years
Americas final rule
Early Independence Period
The Marcos Era
The Aquino Years and Beyond

Look also "100 significant events in Philippine history"

The First “Filipinos”


a Filipino term meaning “nobility” or “aristocracy”. Its etymology is rooted from the Sanskrit maharddhika which means “a man of wealth, knowledge, and ability”. During ancient times in the Philippines, the word maharlika referred to the nobility class in Philippine society who are also known to be warriors.

Early filipino in the pre-hispanic period

Filipino beliefs and practices before the arrival of the Spaniards.

Or look as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Philippine History"

Philippine History, Pre-Colonial Period

Economic Life

Or look as pdf HERE or  as Video

The British Conquest of Manila
On October 6, 1762, the city of Manila was conquered by the British, starting a two year period of British rule. At around 4:00 a.m., under the cover of artillery fire, Colonel William Draper and his men entered Manila. This was the first time the Spaniards had been ousted from their Asian colony by a foreign power.
The conflict between the European powers during the period of 1756–1763 spilled over to their colonies in Asia. One of the outcomes was a two-year period of British control over the Philippine Islands.

Look the article as pdf HERE and in full size the map "The Attack of Manila, october 1792" and the poster "British-occupation"

The Filipino Woman in Pre-Hispanic Times

Look also:

"La Mujer Indigena - The Native Woman - A description of the Filipino Woman during Pre-Spanish Time by Lorna S. Torralba Titgemeyer" HERE


Pre-Hispanic Marriage Customs HERE

The Basi Revolt

also known as the Ambaristo Revolt, broke out in Piddig, Ilocos Norte, arising from the Spanish rulers' banning of the private manufacture of the local wine called "basi".

As Ilocanos were forced to buy from government stores, wine-loving Ilocanos, led by Salarogo Ambaristo and Pedro Mateo, rose in revolt, which later spread to nearby towns.

Spanish troops eventually quelled the revolt on September 28, 1807.

Look also the article "Revisiting the Basi Revolt of 1807: Its Historical and Axiological Relevance
by/Jayson L. Antonio and Celerino F. Ancheta" and the video "Basi Festival (Piddig)" about the revolt and the article HERE

Philippine Revolution (English), read about it in Tagalog here, click Himagsikang Pilipino

Filipino Heroes
Jose Rizal - His life and His works

Look as pdf HERE

Look also HERE and Jose Rizal and His Lovers

and the Videos

Jose Rizal´s life, work, writing

Jose Rizal (full name: José Protacio Mercado Rizal Alonso y Realonda) (June 19, 1861 - December 30, 1896) He is considered a national hero and the anniversary of Rizal's death is commemorated as a Philippine holiday called Rizal Day.
Historical reactions to the publication of Rizal's two novels - Philippine - Spain 100 Years Ago
Love Story of Jose P Rizal - Girlfriends - Women in Rizal's Life
Rizal, The Mason
Published on Oct 10, 2012 by/Honeylane Lim for education - Look also HERE and below HERE

Look more HERE

The Execution of Dr. Jose Rizal
by/Riz del Rio Published Feb 22, 2012
A few minutes before seven on the morning of December 30, Dr. Jose Rizal walked from Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan Field (now the Luneta). His arms were tied behind his back. “His head was erect, his conscience was clear, and there was a smile on his lips.” Beside him walked Lt. Luis de Andrade, who had defended him in the trial, Fathers Vilaclara and March. Before and behind him were soldiers.
Look it as pdf HERE

look also Rizal's execution: Little known facts
By Raymund Catindig Updated December 29, 2010
Look it as pdf HERE


Rizal's execution and the revolution
Published Dec 29, 2014 by/Malu Maniquis
The LOST FOOTAGE of Jose Rizal execution in 1896
Published on Jul 3, 2013

Look full descriptions on the videos


Unsung female patriots during the Philippine revolution

Both Marcela Marcelo and Trinidad Tecson are unsung heroes of the Philippine revolution. Despite monuments built in their name, their contributions remain unknown to many. Published Nov 27, 2014

Republic of Biak-na-Bato

officially referred to in its constitution as the Republic of the Philippines, was the first republic ever declared in the Philippines by the revolutionary Emilio Aguinaldo and his fellow members of the Katipunan. Despite its successes, including the establishment of the Philippines' first ever constitution, the republic lasted just over a month.

The life and legacy of Apolinario Mabini

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 — May 13, 1903) was a Filipino revolutionary and lawyer who served as its first prime minister until May 1899. In Philippine history texts, he is often referred to as "the Sublime Paralytic", and as "the Brains of the Revolution."

Look also HERE, HERE and "Understanding Apolinario Mabini’s role in the Philippine Revolution" HERE


1896 Mga Unang araw ng Rebolusyon
The Revolution was actually planned months earlier. However, Aguinaldo, et al were against it and wanted to consult first Dr. Rizal in Dapitan. The 2 months delay led to the uncovering of the secret society. 500 members of KKK, La Solidaridad and La Liga Filipina were arrested, includng brothers Antonio and Juan Luna. Before further arrests, Bonifacio and the Supreme Council decided to launch the revolution. Published Aug 24, 2015 by/Malu Maniquis

Emilio Aguinaldo in the Filipino-American War

A short documentary, a HIGH SCHOOL VIDEO PROJECT, not a nationally-shown documentary on Emilio Aguinaldo, a leader in the Philippines during the Filipino-American War, also known as the Filipino Insurrection.

Imprinting Andres Bonifacio:

The Iconization from Portrait to Peso

The face of the Philippine revolution is evasive, just like the freedom that eluded the man known as its leader.

Look the article as pdf HERE


Martyrdom of Andres Bonifacio

On May 10, 1897, our revolutionary hero, Andres Bonifacio and his brother, Procopio, were unjustly and brutally killed by the Magdalo faction. Published May 10, 2013

How Andres and Procopio Bonifacio were executed

May 10 is a significant date in Philippine History. This was the day our greatest hero Andres Bonifacio was executed by traitors to the revolutionary movement. Published May 10, 2015

Both videos by/Malu Maniquis

The Katipunan and Masonry

Look also above Rizal, The Mason and HERE and the Video:

How FreeMasonry influenced the fight for Filipino Independence

PADUGO Padugo By/Veredigno Atienza

This article is about General Anacleto Enriquez, one of the founders of the Katipunan in Bulakan. He fought in the Philippine Revolution of 1896 against the Spanish colonial authorities. He and his men died in the bloodiest battle of the Philippine Revolution in the town of San Rafael, Bulacan. His life is a saga of exceptional courage and generosity.


Remark these are albums in the sub-album "Religious beliefs outside the Roman Catholic Church"


The Revolutionary & Filipino Church 1 sub-album (part 1 - 9)


From the Municipality of Pilar, Bantayan Island to Metro Cebu, know more about Iglesia Filipina Independiente.


KKK Movement, Revolutionaries and Philippine Independent Church


Look more about "Philippine Independent Church" HERE




by/W. Cameron Forbes 1928, The Philippine Islands

SPAIN is one of those countries in which the division between the Church and the State is not clearly defined, and in which the Church has much too generally dominated the State. In the Philippine Islands this was the case to a marked degree.


Spanish American War In the Philippines

Look description on the video

Luzon At War

Introduction to Milagros C. Guerrero’s book, Luzon At War: Contradictions in Philippine Society, 1898-1902


Forgotten Filipinos - The Filipino genocide

Photos of the American conquest of the Philippines, an episode also referred to as the Filipino Genocide. Soundtrack: Campanades a morts, by Lluís Llach.

Look the full description of the video HERE


History of US in the PHIL

Excerpts from Part 5 of Buhay at Pakikibaka ni Andres Bonifacio docufilm of Komiteng Bonifacio. This is the reason why Bonifacio's dream of a truly free an sovereign nation must be fulfilled by the present generation. It is our task. Narrated by Carol Araullo and Vencer Crisostomo. Chris Pforr as Pres. McKinley and John Gianvito as Sen. George Hoar. Published Jun 2, 2015 by/Malu Maniquis

The Balangiga massacre

as it is known in the Philippines, or the Balangiga affair, as it is known in the United States, was an incident in 1901 during the Philippine-American War where more than forty American soldiers were killed in a surprise guerrilla attack in the town of Balangiga on Samar island.

Cultural Changes during the American Period

What we used to do
What we didn’t do before
The bad influences

or look it as Video


(1860-1946) Maker of the Filipino National Flag Enshrined in Philippine history as the maker of the Filipino flag

The Commonwealth of the Philippines

also known simply as the Commonwealth and as the Philippine Commonwealth, was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth with the United States

Sakdalista The Sakdalista

(coming from the Tagalog word sakdal, meaning "to accuse") movement was founded in 1930 by Franc Josef "Ace" Templo Bautista and a right wing leader, Benigno Ramos, a writer and discontented former government clerk. Sakdal began as a fortnightly populist tabloid, with articles tackling issues which were of interest to the Philippine masses: corruption and mismanagement under the American-sponsored Nacionalista administration, immediate independence for the Philippines, and the land reform problem. Its radical populist stance on such issues won it a large following in the Manila hinterland, such that by 1933, subscribers of the newspaper met in a convention in Manila to form the Sakdal Party. They did unexpectedly well in the Philippine election of 1934, although still unable to pose a challenge to Nacionalista dominance

Look also HERE


This is the Philippines, about 1936 +

Shows scenes at Santo Tomas University, Filipino military cadets in training, the Supreme Court, President Manuel Quezon, children on church, Moro tribesmen on Mindanao, General Pershing and General MacArthur, etc. Published Nov 10, 2015 by GovPH


4 albums in the album "Historic speech circa 1920 & 4 July 1946 Proclamation of Independence"
MANUEL LUIS QUEZON - Speech broadcast to the Filipino People circa 1920


Look the full description of the video HERE

A Nation is Born The title says all - Published Jul 3, 2013 by GovPH
1946 Philippine Proclamation of Independence
1946 Ceremony Independence Day
Look also the article "Sovereignty of the Philippines" HERE

Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina

(August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines (as opposed to other historical states). Quezón is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901).

Quezón was the first Senate president elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election, and the first incumbent to secure re-election (for a partial second term, later extended, due to amendments to the 1935 Constitution). He is known as the "Father of the National Language".

Look also the Video

President Manuel L. Quezon - Pangulong Manuel L. Quezon

 Visit the Quezon Memorial Shrine and Museum online: www.gov.ph/quezonmemorial

The Third Republic of the Philippines
was inaugurated on July 4, 1946. It marked the culmination of the peaceful campaign for Philippine Independence - the two landmarks of which were the enactment of the Jones Law in 1916 (in which the U.S. Congress pledged independence for the Philippines once Filipinos have proven their capability for self-government) and the Philippine Independence Act of 1934 (popularly known as Tydings-McDuffie) which put in place a ten-year transition period during which the Philippines had Commonwealth status.

Look also HERE and the Videos One of the videos can be look as pdf HERE or as ppt HERE


The Presidents of the Philippines - From Aguinaldo to Arroyo

Emilio Aguinaldo was president of the short-lived Malolos Republic between 1899 and 1901. Although the republic never received foreign recognition, Filipinos consider Aguinaldo to be their first president.

Look more about the videos HERE
Life under Marcos: A fact-check

Was the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos the Philippines' greatest president ever, as his supporters claim? Separating fact from fiction, here was life under the Marcos regime. Published Sep 21, 2014 by/ABS-CBN News
Look also below
HERE and the articles

A Marcos brand of amnesia
by/Shakira Sison Published Sep 10, 2015
As they say, those who don't heed the lessons of history are bound to repeat it. Or in much simpler terms: Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me.

PH gov't: Declare Marcos, Romualdez estates in default in P5-B case
Published February 18, 2016
Defaulting in a civil case bars a party from presenting its evidence, having waived its rights to contest the allegations

The Yin and Yang of Philippine Documentary Photography

by/Sonny Yabao and Alex Baluyut

From Cory to Noynoy: PMAers in the Cabinet

by/Michael Bueza - Published Feb 21, 2015

Look also about "Philippine Military Academy - PMA" HERE

Jovito Salonga (June 22, 1920 – March 10, 2016)
by/Michael Bueza Updated March 10, 2016

Get to know more about the former Senate president and one of the country's greatest statesmen

Look also the Videos and HERE, HERE and HERE

Remembering Raul Roco
by/Rappler.com Published October 26, 2014
Previously described as a 'warrior lawyer' who loves debate, Roco passses away on August 5, 2005 at the age of 63
"the best president we never had"
Some of Roco's best quotes are still relevant and useful in politics and governance. Joy Aceron of the Ateneo School of Government chose these memorable Roco quotes, look these and more about Raul S. Rocco in the article
Look also HERE, HERE and the Video
History of the Senate

Videos about the Philippine history of 490 years and more:

Philippine History of 490 Years

The videos that provides a concise history of the Philippines broken down into seven (7) sets of seventy (70) years.


Philippines in 100 years

A short video presentation of the history of the Philippines


Islamic History of the Philippines


Zamboanga 1936 - LOOK the film which tells the story of the past

Look more and full description of and about the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the sub-album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."

This rare collection of historical images from the Philippines were taken in 1899.

Look also HERE


Remark these are albums in the album "The Philippines & filipinos, the old times"


Filipinas in the Spanish era
Published on Oct 24, 2014 by/fonsucu


Philippines, the old times

Old places in the Philippines


Old Philippines 1900

Old Philippine Photos


Filipino during the old times

What have we become?


Nostalgic Old Philippines

Pictures from Old Philippines

Doubles-frame pictures are for the old fashoined Stereoscopy also called stereoscopic or 3-D imaging.


Philippines, Then and Now on High Definition Video Slide Presentation


Philippines, Pearl of the Orient, 1948 & 1955


Remark these are albums in the album "Manila from 1800 to the 1970s"


Old Manila 1800-1960
Photos - look description on the photos
Manila en los años veinte
Published on May 21, 2016 by/fonsucu
Why Manila heritage sites are in danger

Many heritage sites in Manila are in danger. It appeared at the hearing of the Senate Committee on Education Arts and Culture on the issue still controversial about Torre de Manila.
Published Sep 25, 2014
Pre - World War II


Look also the maps Manila 1919 and Manila 1920
Battle of Manila - 2 sub-albums

The battle for the liberation of Manila waged from February 3 to March 3, 1945, between Philippine and American forces, and the Imperial Japanese forces is widely considered to be one of the greatest tragedies of the Second World War. One hundred thousand men, women, and children perished. Architectural heritage was reduced to rubble the City of Manila was the second most devastated Allied capital of World War II.
The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office and the Presidential Museum and Library would like to thank the following for their invaluable help and assistance in this project: Mr. Jose Custodio, Dr. Benito Legarda Jr., Dr. Ricardo T. Jose, Mr. Paulo Alcazaren, Mr. Robert Hudson, Ambassador Juan Jose Rocha, Mrs. Sylvia Lichauco de Leon, Mr. John Tewell, Mr. Lou Gopal, Mr. Manuel Angelo Carreon II, Ms. Lorelei Stewart Mayer, Mr. Jeric Chua, National Historical Commission of the Philippines, National Museum of the Philippines, Memorare Manila 1945 Foundation, Tiger Films Productions, Filipinas Heritage Library, Lopez Museum and Library, Ortigas Foundation Library, Heritage Conservation Society, and the Battle of Manila Online website. Published Feb 11, 2015.

Look more about the Battle of Manila HERE
Manila - 1960s

During President Diosdado Macapagal & Pres. Ferdinand Marcos' First Term Era
Manila in the 1970s

The Bataan Death March - Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan

was the forcible transfer from Saisaih Pt. and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war which began on April 9, 1942
The march went from Mariveles, Bataan, to San Fernando, Pampanga. From San Fernando, survivors were loaded to a box train and were brought to Camp O'Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.
The march was characterized by occasional severe physical abuse. It was later judged by an Allied military commission to be a Japanese war crime.

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE and

the Videos
About The Bataan Death March

Bataan Death March Survivor

Remark this is an album in the album "Bataan Death March & The battle of Luzon"

1942 - 1945

Tomorrow is the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. On September 2, 1945, with the formal surrender of the Japanese Empire, the Second World War officially ended.

In commemoration of this historical turning point, we have designed a special page containing links to a timeline, archival photos and videos, and a number of articles highlighting the extent of WW2 within our shores.
Published September 1, 2015

The Philippines campaign of 1944–45
Operation Musketeer I, II, and III, the Battle of the Philippines 1944–45, or the Liberation of the Philippines was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines, during World War II.

Look also the Video
Philippines Campaign, Battle for Luzon

Remark this is an album in the album "Bataan Death March & The battle of Luzon"


Fabian de la Rosa and His Time

Many historical sequences in the video from his time (May 5, 1869 - December 14, 1937)

14-minute video, produced by Filipiniana.net, in cooperation with the UP Vargas Museum

Remark this is an album in the album "Painters, Muralists, BodyPainters, Graffiti Artist and their works"

Look more about Fabian de la Rosa HERE

by: Kristine Sanchez
Bangsang Kapampangan

Essays on Kapampangan Nationalism

History of Culion Sanitarium and General Hospital



Culion - A Paradise Lost - A Paradise Regained

Look about Culion Museum above HERE

Look more about the present Culion island HERE


Look also the Videos:

Culion Island Paradise in Palawan

The Beautiful Island of Culion in Palawan, Philippines a former leper colony, is now become a progressive and potential tourist destination in the entire country under the governance of Mayor Veronica Cantimbuhan. Please come and visit Culion and experience the virginity of the mother nature.


Culion Island, a former leper colony in Philippines


'Island of No Return', panoorin
Naging malaking problemang pangkalusugan sa bansa ang sakit na ketong noong 1906. Karamihan sa mga tinamaan nito, sa isla ng Culion ipinadala. Published Oct 9, 2015

Remark these are albums in the album "Culion Island Paradise in Palawan" in the sub-album "Great places to visit"

Look more videos about the present Culion island HERE


Ilocos Sur: An Illustrated History

A history book about Ilocos Sur authored by Ilocos Sur governor Deogracias Victor "DV" Savellano and illustrated by Philippine Star editorial cartoonist Rene Aranda and UP Fine Arts professor Bim Bacaltos.

You can buy the book here:
1. University of the Philippines Press, Diliman, Quezon City
2. Filipinas Heritage Library, Ayala Triangle, Ayala Ave., Makati City (in front of Manila Pen Hotel)
3. Ayala Museum Library, Makati Avenue cor. Dela Rosa St. Makati City
4. National Book Store

Hardbound - PHP 2,900 - Softbound - PHP 1,400


Olongapo City, Then and Now


Memories of Olongapo City


Clark Air Base - Past and PRESENT

Look the full descriptions of the videos: Past and PRESENT & Before Mt. Pinatubo Evacuation HERE


Far East Network - FEN Philippines

Far East Network served Clark Air Base, Subic Bay Naval Station and other U.S. military outposts.


Look also about "Amerasians - Forgotten Filipino-American Children" HERE



A Story of Philippine's Oldest Radio Station

Look the full description of the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "Radio & Television stations - AVP - Jingles - Etc." in the sub-album "Radio & Television etc."

SUBIC BAY Ship Repair Facility - CUBI POINT Naval Air Station - SUBIC BAY Naval Magazine

Look also HERE

Martial Law and The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolution and The writ of habeas corpus restored

Remark videos in this section are in the albums "Martial law, Declared 1972 - Lifted 1981" or "EDSA People Power Revolution" in the album "Philippine History"

Look also HERE above HERE

go to overview










Declaration of Martial Law

Look also HERE and the Videos, Look description on the videos:

In September 23, 1972, at around 7:15 pm, President Marcos went live on national television and announced that he has placed the entire Philippines under a state of Martial Law by virtue of Proclamation No. 1081
Lifting of Martial Law, January 17, 1981
President Ferdinand E. Marcos decreed Martial Law officially lifted by Proclamation No. 2044a signed January 17, 1981 and
Proclamation No. 2045
Speech of President Marcos during the termination of Martial Law, January 17, 1981
Interview of President Marcos with American broadcast network NBC following the lifting of Martial Law in 1981. In this interview, President Marcos is asked about the timing of his declaration of the termination of Martial Law.

Look also
Help youth understand why 'never again' to martial law
Published September 20, 2015
43 years after the declaration of martial law, Malacañang hopes the youth will understand why the period should never happen again!
open letter to Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr.

Robredo to Bongbong Marcos: 'Facts don't lie'
by/ Bea Orante Published Feb 25, 2016

Young and gone too soon: How martial law took our future
by/Bea Orante Published May 18, 2016
Now, more than ever, the youth have the responsibility to be the leaders we lost in the dark years


'Lucky day': Surviving torture during martial law

by/ Voltaire Tupaz Published February 25, 2016
Two survivors of Martial Law torture tell their stories – stories that former president Ferdinand Marcos would deny when he said "No one, but no one has been tortured."
About 34,000 were tortured. Nearly 3,240 were killed. Others lived to retell their ordeal so that the new generation would learn from this dark period of Philippine history.

Look full description on the video

Look also ‘Marcos snares, Imeldific lies':

1,400 Catholic schools back call vs ‘Marcos snares, Imeldific lies'
Published March 08, 2016
The Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines slams 'the attempt of Ferdinand Marcos Jr 'to canonize the harrowing horrors of the Martial rule'

Ateneo presidents slam Bongbong Marcos ‘revision of history’
by/ Paterno Esmaquel II Published March 07, 2016
Heads of Jesuit-run universities join nearly 530 other signatories against ‘the darkness and oppression of the Marcos years’

The tortures and other evils of the Martial Law period
Posted September 22, 2014 by JB Adalia

Young Filipinos shocked by martial law victims' stories
Published May 04, 2016
They thought the martial law era was a time of prosperity and discipline but were shocked to hear of atrocities committed by the regime

Recovering Marcos’ ill-gotten wealth: After 30 years, what?
by/ Philip M. Lustre Jr. Published Feb 25, 2016

The irony – or tragedy – is that despite overwhelming evidence against them, not one of the Marcoses and their cronies had spent a day in prison for plundering the nation

Look also

Imelda's jewelry collection belongs to gov't - court
Updated February 10, 2016
(UPDATED) The ruling means that Imelda Marcos' 3 sets of jewelry are now all forfeited in favor of the Philippine government

Search for Marcos' wealth: Compromising with cronies
by/ Philip M. Lustre Jr. Published Feb 25, 2016
What the entire world knows after 30 years is a mere fraction, and not the entirety, of the Marcos loot

The value of Marcos jewels according to PCGG
by/Mark Barnes Published May 06, 2016
The Presidential Commission on Good Government publishes an album of jewels owned by Imelda Marcos and lists the social services that they could have afforded to serve the public instead

The People Power Revolution

also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986

was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines that began in 1983 and culminated in 1986 with the result:

Fall of Marcos regime (1965-86); start of Fifth Republic

Look also

Proclamation 1071
February 2016 be declared as a special (non-working) holiday throughout the country in celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the Edsa People Power Revolution
Look it as pdf HERE

Key players in the 1986 People Power Revolution
by/ Jodesz Gavilan Published Feb 23, 2016

Timeline of the People Power Revolution

Newspaper front pages during the 1986 People Power Revolution
by/Jodesz Gavilan Published February 21, 2016

and the Videos

EDSA People Power Revolution, Footages

EDSA 30 - Inquirer documentary special

EDSA a historical judgment of Marcos dictatorship

PNoy: PH was 'sick man of Asia' under Marcos era

and the Videos

A mini-museum on the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution

The writ of habeas corpus restored - Proclamation No. 2, s. 1986

On March 2, 1986, addressing the large crowd that had gathered in Rizal Park, President Corazon C. Aquino announced the restoration of the writ of habeas corpus.

Editorial: Lessons from Edsa
Sun.Star, February 21, 2016
IT WAS an unexpected lesson that emerged when a class of Mass Communication undergraduates at the University of the Philippines Cebu tossed around the question, “When was martial law declared in the country?”
Look the editorial as pdf HERE

Look also How to help young voters understand martial law
by/ Patty Pasion Published Feb 24, 2016
Major players in the EDSA People Power Revolution have some advice for young people, who now tend to favor a strongman for a leader.
Look it as pdf HERE

Robredo to Bongbong Marcos: 'Facts don't lie'
by/ Bea Orante Published Feb 25, 2016
Leni Robredo asks Filipino youth to understand the context behind EDSA I and the older generation to help them do it

Recalling the past, looking to the future
by/ Mark Barnes Published Feb 26, 2016

X users share their experiences from EDSA I and their hopes for the Philippines, 30 years after the People Power Revolution

People Power veterans to Bongbong: Wala ka bang puso?
by/ Voltaire Tupaz Published Feb 24, 2016

'You're aspiring to be the vice president of the country. Address the darkest part of our history.'

Look also

Philippines’ president warns against return of Marcos dynasty 30 years after 'People Power’ uprising
by/Philip Sherwell, Asia Editor 25 Feb 2016

Netizens campaign against Marcos burial at Heroes’ Cemetery
by/Raisa Marielle Serafica Published May 25, 2016
Various groups and netizens launch online campaigns to protest the plan of President-elect Rodrigo Duterte to bury the dictator at the Libingan ng mga Bayani

and the Videos:

Aquino hammers Bongbong on People Power anniversary

and this in the above album:

Aquino slams Marcos son: Martial law not 'golden age',

The 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution gathered millions of Filipinos from all walks of life to march along Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), the main artery of Metro Manila, to end the dictatorship of President Ferdinand E. Marcos and begin a new era marked by true freedom and democracy.
The events of February 25, 1986, altered the course of our nation’s history; it showcased to the world the remarkable resolve of the Filipino people. It heralded an era of peace.

Look also

#EDSA30: One memorable meeting on Feb 23

#EDSA30: Helicopters, a phone and a scotch

Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines

Look also Ethnic and Indigenous Filipino Groups

go to overview

This article covers the history of the Philippines from the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription in 900 to the arrival of European explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, which marks the beginning of the Spanish Colonial period.

Look also History of the Philippines (Before 1521)

Kahariang Tundun or Kaharian ng Tondo

Kingdom of Tondo

Tondo, also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, was a Philippine fortified kingdom whose capital is located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig river, on Luzon island

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE and HERE e.g.

 many links to former kingdoms in the Philippines e.g.

Kingdom of Maynila & Kingdom of Namayan

Rajahante of Cebu

was a classical Philippine state which used to exist on Cebu island prior to the arrival of the Spanish.

Rajah Humabon Rajah Humabon - King of Cebu

Rajah Humabon was the Rajah (King) of Cebu at the time of Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the Philippines in 1521

look also HERE

The "Ilonggo Nation" of Western Visayas 1214 up to the early 1900´s

Look also

the map 1214 up to the early 1900´s

A Chronology: The Ilonggo Nation

The surrenderd Ilonggo Nation

 and The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901) HERE

Visaya - Family/Clans

The Sri Vijayan empire: Who are the Visayans and where did they come from?

Look also the below video and the above "Ancient Goldworking - Treasures" HERE


Who are the Visayan?

It is never too late to expand one's knowledge of the past. Embarrassing as it may be to the government that the Bisaya it has tirelessly repressed is indeed descended from the great Sri Vishaya, the pursuit of historical truth justifies itself. If not, then for the sake of our young who can only take so much of self-serving and subjective official Philippine history.

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Newsletter of the Ilonggo Nation The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901)

Remark: the links to the different pages in the upper right corner of the site

Princess Urduja

About seven hundred years ago, when Pangasinan was a kingdom, there lived a famous woman ruler in that dominion. Young, beautiful and well-educated, Princess Urduja was reputed to be a good warrior who had personally led her soldiers to the battlefields.

Look also "Princess Urduja: A Symbolic Subversion" HERE

Princess Urduja: The Mother of Ibalois?

Have you ever heard of Princess Urduja? If your elementary teacher was like ours, she would have told you about the warrior princess who is believed to have ruled the Kingdom of Tawalisi.

Anyway, there is an ongoing debate whether Urduja ever existed and whether the Kingdom of Tawalisi really is modern day Pangasinan. Incidentally, the province of Pangasinan honors the memory of Urduja by naming its capitol the Urduja Palace and by putting up a statue in her honor.



Look also HERE & HERE


Look also the Video

Ancient Dynasties / Kingdoms Of Pre-Colonial Philippines
Published on May 1, 2013
What was lost, is now found. What was forgotten, is now remembered. - Ano ay nawala, ngayon ay natagpuan. Ano ay nakalimutan, ngayon ay remembered.

This web site is dedicated to the peoples of the Royal Sultanates of Sulu, Ranao Area and Maguindanao, the goal of it is to show history, flags and symbols sometimes unknown of these glorious Kingdoms.
The Royal Hashemite Sultanate of Sulu and Sabah
Royal Panji - Flags and symbols of the Royal Sultanates of Sulu, Ranao Area and Maguindanao
The Spanish Era

go to overview

Philippine History and Politics on Spanish colonization

Look as pdf HERE

The Spanish Era in the Philippines

Look the article HERE

Spaniards' first 50 years The Spaniards' first 50 years in the Philippines, 1565-1615

Source: Blair & Robertson, The Philippine Islands, volume 3, pp. 141-172.Translation from the Spanish by J.G. Gill.
Spanish Colonial Caste System Spanish Colonial Caste System in the Philippines and the rules of the castes

Indio - persons of pure Filipino ancestry
Negrito - persons of pure Aeta ancestry
Sangley - person of pure Chinese ancestry
Mestizo de Sangley - person of mixed Chinese and Malay ancestry; also called chino and/or chino-mestizo
Mestizo de Bombay - person of mixed Indian and Malay ancestry
Mestizo de Español - person of mixed Spanish and Malay ancestry
Tornatrás - person of mixed Spanish, Malay, and Chinese ancestry
Filipinos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in the Philippines ("from Las Filipinas") also called Insulares ("from the islands") or Criollos (Creoles)
Americanos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spanish America ("from the Americas")
Peninsulares - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spain ("from the peninsula")
Mulato-50% Spanish and 50% black
Morisco-25% black and 75% Spanish
Albino- white pigmented black Negro-full blooded black person


Spanish Colonialism in the Philippines
Published on Oct 10, 2014

History of Hispano - Mexican Filipinas 1521-1898
Historia de la Filipinas Hispana 1521-1898


Governor Generals of the Philippines and the Rulers of Spain

Remark these are 2 albums


The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc.

Contributions of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines


Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Memoria del español filipino


Cultural History of the Philippines: Hispanic Philippines Than We Admit.

An extended meditation on the encounter between the native and the foreign, More Hispanic Than We Admit is a collection of scholarly essays on Philippine culture and history. It recuperates our Spanish past and inspires a continued and lasting engagement with Hispanic Philippines Studies.


Remark: this is a album "The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc."

Contribution of the Basque men The contribution of the Basque men to the Philippines
by/Rodríguez, Eulogio B.

Many of the Spaniards who had resided in the Philippines were the Basques (vascuences of vascongados). Although they dit not constitute the biggest group, they were given the smallest tie of racial knowledge; they were known more as Spaniards than as Basques.


Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Pictures and photographs of the Philippines: people, places, and art during the 18th to 19th century; during Spanish colonial days.


The traditional houses of the filipinos... it began during Spanish era in the philippine and up to the end of the american colonization.... most of the houses were hundreds of years old already and very sophisticated...


Remark these are albums in the album "Spanish Colonial Era"


Mestiza Hispana Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


El vestido tradicional de la Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


La Mujer Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era

They were called The Spanish Ladies-Señoritas.


El Hombre Filipino - Spanish Colonial Era
They were called The Spanish Gentlemen-Señores.
Manila Carnivals 1908-1939

Perhaps, no other event has piqued the interest and stirred a nation’s imagination more than the fabled Manila Carnivals. Held from 1908-1939, the 2-week fair was organized as a goodwill event to celebrate harmonious U.S.-Philippine relations and to showcase our commercial, industrial and agricultural progress. Spectacular parades, lavish shows, firework displays and the crowning of the Manila Carnival Queen highlighted the "greatest annual event in the Orient".


Remark these are albums in the sub-album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"

El Carnaval de Manila - Spanish Colonial Era

Manila Carnival was an event that aroused the jealousy of all Asia not only for your show, if not for the parade of your exotic queens. Beautiful young women of Luzon, Visayas or Mindanao arrived in Manila for be proclaimed the most pretty woman of the Philippines Islands.

The video shows also many kind of dresses of that time!
La Casa Filipina and the interior - Spanish Colonial Era

Colonial Houses in the Philippines were the union between Eastern style and Spanish pattern. A home designed in stone in the ground floor in order to fight tropical heat and wood at the top to fight the strong earthquakes that often shook the islands. The furniture inside the house was clearly done by people of mixed race, with garlanded rooms with lamps imported from Spain and beautiful glass cabinets dressed in fine China.
Manila During Spanish Time
Old Spanish-speaking Manila, 2videos
Intramuros - Spanish Colonial Era

Spanish Colonial Age (Golden Age) in the Philippines, Intramural, which is called City of God because of its many convents, churches, schools, houses and streets made with a colonial art which was magnificent at that time. Once it was destroyed in the World War II by the Americans and Japaneses, who were cruel to its population and majestic city. However, nowadays it remains the memories of that which was the Asian Pearl of the Spanish Empire.

Look also HERE
Intramuros: The historical walled city of Manila

Intramuros is a walled city-fortress originally built by the Spaniards in the 1600's. It is a historical monument, almost completely destroyed in World War II, it has been restored and is a must-see for visitors to the Philippines. Intramuros is rich with history and legend.

Look also HERE

The history of the former "Philippine Refugee Centers" and "The Boat People" in the Philippines - Etc.

Remark all the videos in this section are in the album "Vietnamese refugees - PFAC Refugee Camp, Palawan & PRPC, Philippine Refugee Processing Center etc."

go to overview

The Philippines Refugee Processing Center (PRPC) (1980-1995)

was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines, which was used as the final stop for Indochinese refugees making their way to permanent resettlement in other nations.

Important look also these links HERE, HERE (look this link as pdf HERE) and HERE and about Palawan Refugee Camp below HERE

Cemetery of Vietnamese refugees at Bataan Processing Centre in Philippines

There are about 300 graves found in this cemetery. Bataan was a Processing Centre established in 1980 and closed down in 1994, now called Bataan Technology Park, in Subic Bay area, 2 hours drive from Manila.


Vietnamese Refugees in the Philippines


The Philippine Refugee Processing Center (PRPC)

was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines, which was used as the final stop for Indochinese refugees making their way to permanent resettlement in other nations.

Look much more on the above links and the full description of the video HERE


Philippine refugee camp memories


Stateless Vietnamese Refugees in the Philippines 1997 - 2009

A trip down memory lane. A short documentary on VOICE work in the Philippines and what it set out to achieve in the years to come.


and look the 5 videos "The last chapter of Vietnamese refugees in the Philippines" HERE

and look also the video "Introduction of the Archive of Vietnamese Boat People" HERE

The Boat People Museum

was set up to commemorate the former Philippine Refugee Processing Center in Morong, Bataan which was used in 1980-1994 as a temporary resettlement and preparation area for boat refugees from Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The Museum is about the story of suffering, people diaspora, and the triumph of the human spirit. It is about compassion, cooperation among various peoples, NGOs and governments, and about the United Nations. It is a story which unfortunately repeats itself. Yet there are small untold heroes. The Museum was set up with meager funds and volunteer help, mainly from those who were involved earlier as employees of the camp. Photos and small memorabilia were gathered from the villagers, as well as from visitors. An authentic boat that was used in the migration was refurbished and is a real monument to this period.

Please send links & videos, because we miss such ones
P.F.A.C. - the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan.

go to overview

PFAC Palawan, Our Second Home Blog

was created as a tribute to the Vietnamese Refugees who used to live in P.F.A.C. or the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan, Philippines. We hope that this blog can serve as a venue or tool to reunite us, bring us closer together once more. Please feel free to post comments or requests below every post. We welcome submissions related to PFAC and its former volunteers and residents.

Palawan Refugee Camp Palawan Refugee Camp

PFAC refugee camp, 1989, Palawan

This is a video (in 6 parts) taken by Mr. Jan Top Christensen, Head of UNHCR Field Office in PFAC, Palawan, Philippines, in 1989.

Remark this is an album in the above album about "Vietnamese Refugees in the Philippines"

Please send links & videos, because we miss such ones


go to overview

Welcome to Old Manila Walks!

We’re a bunch of passionate, obsessive and saucy ‘street walkers’(!) determined to walk and talk about one thing: the history, the culture and the heritage plus everything over, under, outside, inside this city of our affections - Manila.

Check out this month's schedules. 

PLEASE tell, if you think, a link or video, which we have got and uploaded to our sites is ILLEGAL - wrong, send a message with the link to us and tell WHY, so at once we can erase it - please look HERE

You are always welcome to click and use Contact - Send a mail to us

God Bless you & Many regards
The "Balikbayan family-union - AboutPhilippines" far away from the beloved Philippines

go to main-overview